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11 juli

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2006 5:50    Onderwerp: 11 juli Reageer met quote

1918 German command makes final plans for renewed offensive on the Western Front

Even with a deadly influenza epidemic spreading among German troops, the German High Command decides to go ahead with plans for a renewed assault on the Allies on the Western Front in the summer of 1918, making their final plans on July 11.

The so-called Spanish flu, an unusually powerful strain of influenza, spread throughout North America, Europe and eventually around the world during 1918, claiming millions of lives. The First World War, with its massive movements of men in close quarters, under harsh conditions, undoubtedly acted as a factor in the epidemic. The soldiers fighting for the Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary, were hit especially hard by the virus beginning in the early summer of 1918, just as the Allies prepared to counter the German spring offensive on the Western Front.

With Austria-Hungary virtually eliminated as a military force by the third year of World War I, Vienna looked to Germany as the Dual Monarchy’s last chance for survival. “People have only one more hope, the German Front,” the German ambassador to Austria-Hungary reported to Berlin on July 11. “Even a hope in a separate peace does not exist any more.” That same day, the German army’s High Command, which had previously considered pushing back their plans for a renewed offensive due to the flu epidemic’s effect on their troops, decided instead to push ahead. The German attack on July 15, near the Marne River in the Champagne region of France, met with resounding failure. It would be the final German offensive of World War I.

http://www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2006 6:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Vergebliche Angriffe der Engländer und Franzosen

Großes Hauptquartier, 11. Juli.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Zwischen Ancre und Somme setzten die Engländer nachmittags und nachts starke Kräfte zum Angriff in breiter Front beiderseits der Straße Bapaume-Albert an. Nordwestlich der Straße wurden sie zusammengeschossen, ehe es zum Nahkampf kam, östlich der Straße entspannen sich heftige Kämpfe am Südrande des Dorfes Contalmaison und des Waldes von Mametz. Die wiederholten Versuche des Feindes, das Wäldchen von Trônes wieder in die Hand zu bekommen, scheiterten unter großen blutigen Verlusten für ihn und unter Einbuße von etwa hundert Gefangenen.
Südlich der Somme wurde der Ansturm von Negerfranzosen gegen die Höhe von La Maisonnette mit überwältigendem Feuer empfangen; einzelne Neger, die bis zu unseren Linien vordrangen, fielen unter den deutschen Bajonetten oder wurden gefangengenommen. Bei dem gestern berichteten Gegenangriff auf Barleux blieben fünf Offiziere, hundertsiebenundvierzig Mann gefangen in unserer Hand.
Die Artillerietätigkeit war im ganzen Kampfabschnitt bedeutend, unser Sperrfeuer unterband alle Angriffsabsichten des Feindes zwischen Belloy und Soyecourt.
Im Maasgebiet fanden sehr lebhafte Artilleriekämpfe statt.
Auf der übrigen Front stellenweise gesteigertes Feuer und mehrere ergebnislose Gasangriffe. Patrouillen und Erkundungsabteilungen unserer Gegner zeigten große Rührigkeit; sie wurden überall abgewiesen.
Bei Leintrey (Lothringen) drang eine deutsche Abteilung nach einer umfangreichen Sprengung in die stark beschädigten französische Stellung ein und nahm sechzig Mann gefangen; auch südlich von Lusse wurden von einer Patrouille Gefangene gemacht.
Bei sehr reger Fliegertätigkeit ist es zu zahlreichen Luftgefechten gekommen, in denen der Feind an der Somme und westlich von Vouziers je zwei Flugzeuge verlor. Außerdem ist ein englischer Doppeldecker bei Courcelette (an der Straße Bapaume-Albert) durch Abwehrfeuer heruntergeholt.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
An der Front von der Küste bis Pinsk keine besonderen Ereignisse. Bei Pinsk Ruhe. Die russische Veröffentlichung über die Räumung der Stadt ist frei erfunden. Gegen die Stochodlinie lief der Gegner an vielen Stellen vergeblich an, mit stärkeren Kräften bei Czerewiszcze, Hulewicze, Korsyni, Janowka und beiderseits der Bahn Kowel-Rowno. Bei Hulewicze wurde er durch kräftigen Gegenstoß über seine Stellung hinaus zurückgeworfen. Er büßte in diesen Kämpfen über 700 Gefangene und drei Maschinengewehre ein.
Unsere Fliegergeschwader haben Truppenausladungen bei Horodzieja (Strecke Baranowitschi- Minsk) ausgiebig mit Bomben belegt und ihre Angriffe auf russische Unterkunftsorte östlich des Stochod wiederholt.
Im Luftkampf wurde je ein feindliches Flugzeug bei Worontscha (westlich von Zirin) und westlich Okonsk abgeschossen.
Bei der Armee des Generals Grafen v. Bothmer hatte ein Jagdkommando ein günstiges Gefecht südlich des Waldes von Burkanow und hat einige Dutzend Gefangene eingebracht.
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Die Lage ist unverändert.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Russische Angriffe am Styr und Stochod gescheitert

Wien, 11. Juli.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
In der Bukowina keine besonderen Ereignisse. Bei Zabie am Czeremosz wiesen unsere Truppen russische Vorstöße zurück.
Weiter nördlich bis an den oberen Stochod dauert, von erfolgreichen Unternehmungen unserer Jagdkommandos bei Burkanow abgesehen, die Kampfpause an.
Bei Sokul brachen überlegene russische Angriffe vor unseren Hindernissen zusammen. Vergeblich bemühte sich der Feind, seine zurückflutenden Massen durch das Feuer seiner Geschütze und Maschinengewehre zum Stehen zu bringen.
Bei Hulewicze am Stochod wurde der Gegner durch deutsche und österreichisch - ungarische Kräfte nach erbitterten und wechselvollen Kämpfen geworfen. Auch verschiedene andere Vorstöße, die der Feind im Stochodgebiet unternahm, scheiterten völlig.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Gestern fanden keine Infanteriekämpfe von Bedeutung statt.
Zahlreiche feindliche Überläufer bestätigen die besonders schweren Verluste der Italiener bei ihren Angriffen im Raume östlich der Cima Dieci
Unsere Seeflugzeuge belegten militärische Anlagen und den Bahnhof von Latisana ausgiebig mit Bomben, die mehrere große Brände verursachten.
Feindliche Flieger warfen in den Judicarien auf Tione Bomben ab.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Außer zeitweiligem Geplänkel an der unteren Vojusa nichts von Belang.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)


Angriff deutscher Marineflugzeuge auf Calais

Berlin, 11. Juli.
Zwei deutsche Marineflugzeuge haben in der Nacht vom 10. zum 11. Juli Calais und das Truppenlager bei Bray-Dunes mit Bomben belegt. Die Flugzeuge sind wohlbehalten zurückgekehrt. 2)

www.stahlgewiter.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Jul 2010 16:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 juli 1914
Countdown to War
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2012 13:53    Onderwerp: On This Day - 11 July 1916 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 11 July 1916

Western Front

Contalmaison won and held against counter-attacks; British also take parts of Mametz and Trones Woods.

Total prisoners in 10 days fighting 7,500, and 26 field guns.

At Verdun Germans gain footing in Damloup battery and east of Firmin and Chenois Woods.

Eastern Front


Germans receive reinforcements and heavy artillery to defend passage of the Stokhod.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Russians begin a fresh offensive in Armenia.

General Maude succeeds General Gorringe in command of Tigris column.

Naval and Overseas Operations

A German submarine shells Seaham Harbour. One man killed. Three armed trawlers sunk off Scottish coasts, in action with German submarines.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1916_07_11.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2012 13:58    Onderwerp: On This Day - 11 July 1917 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 11 July 1917

Western Front

Great aerial activity on British front.

Eastern Front

Capture of Kalusz (western Stanislau, Galicia) by Russians.

Southern Front

Statistics of health of British army at Salonika published.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

British column from Feluja (Euphrates) engages Turkish force up the river and inflicts considerable loss.

Despatch on operations in Mesopotamia published.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Report of British operations in East Africa published.

Political, etc.

Announcement of judicial enquiry into the conduct of all persons affected by Mesopotamia Reported.

Prussian Reform: Kaiser promises an equal franchise in the next elections to the Prussian Diet.

Sinn Fein candidate defeats Nationalist in East Clare election.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1917_07_11.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2014 10:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

It was in 1914 that much of Europe was dragged into war for the first time in almost a century (what wars there had been in the interim had been more localised in nature) but it was the culmination of a series of crises in the early years of the twentieth century. The first of these, the crisis of 1905/6 sparked by Kaiser Wilhelm’s manoeuvrings in Morocco which the French regarded as under their sphere of influence, suddenly gets recalled in today’s paper, as a French senator recalls his nation’s unpreparedness to fight – page 11.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive/10957688/Daily-Telegraph-July-11-1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2014 10:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE field of foreign affairs is this week barren of important events. All that it is necessary to record is that the situation in Albania shows not only no sign of improvement, but a steady drift in the wrong direction. Austria- Hungary is necessarily still perturbed and bewildered by the assassination of the Archduke. The Dual Monarchy has had a rude revelation of the dangerous condition of things produced by the policy pursued of recent years towards the South Slavs. As for Mexico, rumours are afloat that a settlement, based on the resignation of General Huerta, has been reached. Although these rumours have not been publicly confirmed, we are inclined to think, on the whole, that the silence of the past week is of good omen for peace. For the moment the prospects in regard to Turkey and Greece look brighter, but dare the Greeks wait till the delivery of the Turkish ironclads gives Turkey the local command of the sea? That is the point upon which the question of peace or war depends.



The Spectator, London, July 11, 1914

http://bspurlin.wordpress.com/2014/07/10/july-11-1914/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 10:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Timeline of Events - World War I Document Archive

1914, 11 July - German Naval HQ sends telegram to Admiral Spee on Scharnhorst in pacific adivisory that England would probably be hostile in event of war.

Duidelijke tijdlijn over de internationale ontwikkelingen tussen 1890 en 1914... https://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Timeline_of_Events
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 10:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

R.M.S. Aquitania - Passenger List 11 July 1914

Cabin Passenger List from the R.M.S. Aquitania of the Cunard Line, Departing 11 July 1914 from Liverpool to New York, Commanded by Captain W. T. Turner, R.N.R.

Passenger Information

The "AQUITANIA" carries an orchestra of highly-trained musicians, which will play at the undermentioned times and places:

10-00 to 11-00 a.m. ... Second Class Dining Saloon.
1-00 to 2-10 p.m. ... First Class Dining Saloon.
3-30 to 4-00 p.m. ... Second Class Dining Saloon.
7-10 to 8-45 p.m. ... First Class Dining Saloon.
9-00 to 10-00 p.m. ... First Class Drawing Room.
MEALS will be served in the Saloon at the following times :—

Breakfast at 8 a.m.; Luncheon 1 p.m.; Dinner 6-30 p.m.

The Bar and Smoke Room will be closed at 11 p.m.

Seats at Table.—Applications may be made at any of the Chief Offices in advance or to the Second Cabin Steward on board the steamer on day of sailing.

Divine Service on Sunday at 10-30 a.m.

Baggage.—Passengers are recommended to insure their Baggage, as the Company's liability is strictly limited in accordance with Contract Ticket. All enquiries regarding Baggage on board ship should be addressed to the Baggage Master.

Valuables.—The Company is not responsible for theft if valuables or money are kept in the Staterooms. The same should be placed in charge of the Purser for deposit in his safe, and a receipt will be given on the Company's form. As no charge is made for carriage the Company can not accept any responsibility for loss or damage, however arising, but passengers can protect themselves by insurance.

Passengers should obtain a receipt on the Company's form for any additional Passage Money or Freight paid on board.


Lees verder op https://www.gjenvick.com/PassengerLists/CunardLine/Westbound/1914-07-11-PassengerList-Aquitania.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 11:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 July 1916 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: Enemy Alien deported

Having completed her two month prison sentence for falsifying Alien registration papers, Mrs Maria Ramm left the island under escort this week. She will go to London first, before being taken to Gravesend for onward deportation to Holland.

Mrs Ramm – who is also known as Mrs Williams and Mrs Thompson - was jailed in May this year after her true identity as a German national was uncovered. She has vehemently protested against her treatment, to the extent of threatening to write a book about her experiences at the hands of Jersey’s authorities. On account of this, the Prison Board, who noted she was an ‘extremely cute and clever women’, recommended her internment rather than deportation. This is not an option open to the Lieutenant Governor, however, who has confirmed with the UK Government that female Enemy Aliens are sent to their home country and not locked-up.

Mrs Ramm will be accompanied by an Aliens Officer while travelling to and through the UK. If it is necessary to stay overnight in London, then she must register with the city police. Meanwhile in Jersey, the States have taken possession of her property, which is forfeit to the Crown.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/11-july-1916
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 11:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Archive Content: War diary, Somme Offensive, 24 June - 11 July 1916

Walter L.J. Pomfret, originally from Wigan, served with the South Wales Borderers on the Western Front. Pomfret spent 1916 stationed in Pas-de-Calais and Flanders, and took part in the costly attack on Mametz Wood during the Somme Offensive of July 1916.

Monday 10th - 10th Day of Big Push – Tuesday 11th - 11th Day of Big Push
PLACE: Bivouac behind O.B.L. near Mametz
EVENTS: Reveille 3am. Stand to in fighting order until 10am. Meanwhile many Hun prisoners pass along road escorted by R.W.F. About 10am we march off across country towards firing line. Stop for some time in Pommier’s Redoubt about halfway to firing line. About 2pm we go over the top towards Mametz Wood advancing in extended order. We are spotted by the Huns who “strafes” us causing a couple of casualties including one Signaller who was just on my left. Many dead & dying of the 114th Bde lie about we are too busy to take much notice of them. Reaching the edge of the wood (taken early this morning by the 114 Bde) we pick up flag communication with the Signallers we left in Pommier’s Redoubt where the 114th Bde Hqs. are. Our fellows attack the cover of the wood nearest Bazentin Le Petit, with Bomb & Bayonet. A steady stream of wounded passes us toward the dressing station. During the afternoon we have over 100 casualties. About 9.30pm it is reported that the left Brigade is returning. Suddenly the Hun opens a terrific machine gun fire from the other side of the wood. Some ration parties get the wind up and dash across the open towards the Redoubt. Some combatants are carried away in the rush but are rallied and return to the trenches on edge of wood. Some minutes later the Huns open a second fusillade causing a second stampede. We again rally and return to the trench where we “stand to” all night. At daybreak we return to our Signal Station and re-open communication with the Redoubt. In afternoon enter wood with telephone gear in rear of attacking party. Nine Huns are taken prisoners about half way through the wood. Our force is held up nearer other side of wood but work round the flanks and bomb Hun trench on edge of wood. Brigade Hqs is situated in the centre of the wood. Shrapnel is bursting continually among the trees causing several casualties. Return to our side of wood safely about 8.30pm. Hun is vigorously shelling the open ground between the wood and the Redoubt. We are forced to evacuate our Signal Station and have to “Stand to” in trench with remainder of Battalion. Terrific bombardment continues all night & we have many narrow escapes. One bursts about a yard behind the trench where two or three of us are lying down. The trench caves in and almost buries us. I remove my position to a shell hole just by where about 8 of us huddle together. A bit of shell enters a fellow’s knee against which I am leaning.

https://www.neverforgetyourwelshheroes.org.uk/search-the-archive/search-the-archive/details/5/208/archive-content-war-diary,-somme-offensive,-24-june-11-july-1916?start=220
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 11:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HANSARD → 11 July 1916 → Lords Sitting: BRITISH PRISONERS IN GERMANY.

LORD BERESFORD had the following Question on the Paper—

To ask His Majesty's Government whether they have since the commencement of the war sent any sum of money to be spent on the British prisoners in Germany; if so, whether the amount can be stated, and to whom was it sent.
The noble and gallant Lord said: My Lords, I had intended, in raising this matter, to bring forward some more cases of atrocities and barbarities committed by the Germans on British prisoners. But as there is an important debate coming on this evening, I will merely ask the noble Lord to answer the Question on the Paper.

THE PAYMASTER-GENERAL (LORD NEWTON) My Lords, since the commencement of the war His Majesty's Government have placed at the disposal of the American Ambassador at Berlin the sum of £107,835 for the use and relief both of the British military and civilian prisoners in Germany. Of this amount £20,000 was furnished in connection with the working of the scheme for the inspection of the military camps in Germany by members of the American Embassy, and a further sum of £1,000 was sent to the Prisoners of War Help Committee in September last for the purchase of clothing for civilians interned at Ruhleben. The balance of the sum which I have quoted, which amounts to between £80,000 and £90,000, has been expended partly in payment of relief to interned civilians at Ruhleben and to their wives and families in certain circumstances, and in meeting the expenses of repatriating them. I might also say that this sum has been expended not only in connection with the civilians interned at Ruhleben, but also on behalf of such British civilians as have not been interned and are still living in Germany. I should like to point out that, wherever it is possible, repayment of these sums will be obtained upon the conclusion of the war from the persons to whom the assistance has been afforded.

https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/lords/1916/jul/11/british-prisoners-in-germany
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 11:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Heroic Ulster Division suffer huge losses at the Somme

Shouts of ‘Boyne’ and ‘No surrender’ as the Ulster soldiers attacked

The Somme, 11 July 1916 - Much of the province of Ulster is in mourning after the 36th (Ulster) Division suffered devastating losses British and French offensive at the Somme as part of the ‘big push’ that took place on 1 July. The Ulster men, who had been preparing for weeks for this moment, were positioned between Beaucourt and Thiepval when they attacked the German lines. On emerging from their trenches, however, they were met with a barrage of machine gun and rifle fire, later supplemented with hand grenades that cut them down in huge numbers before they could advance too far.

'When I saw men emerge from the smoke and line up as if on parade I could hardly believe my eyes’ one press observer has recounted.

‘Then I saw them attack beginning at a slow walk over No Man's Land, then suddenly let loose as they charged over the two front lines of enemy trenches, shouting "No surrender, boys". The enemy's gun fire raked them from the left, and machine guns in a village enfiladed them on the right, but battalion after battalion came out of the awful wood as steadily as I have seen them at Ballykinlar, Clandeboyne or Shane's castle.’

Another observer of the Ulstermen’s advance, Mr. J.D. Irvine of the London Daily Express, has described it as a ‘headlong plunge into an inferno’. Despite the mounting casualties the Ulster Division continued to advance on German positions, breaking through their defences and seizing prisoners.

That these heroics have come at a huge cost in terms of human life has been acknowledged by military and political leaders on either side of the Irish Sea.

The Ulster Unionist leader, Sir Edward Carson has stated that the Ulster men had made the supreme sacrifice with a courage, coolness and a determination in the face of the most trying difficulties. His sentiments have found echo in the tributes that have poured forth from, amongst others, the Lord Mayors of Belfast and Derry. The former, in a message published in the Belfast Telegraph, has remarked upon the ‘noble example’ set by the Ulster soldiers, while the latter commented on how ‘every loyal man and woman in Ulster thinks of the gallantry of the "no surrender boys" with pride and satisfaction’.

[Editor's note: This is an article from Century Ireland, a fortnightly online newspaper, written from the perspective of a journalist 100 years ago, based on news reports of the time.]

https://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/heroic-ulster-division-suffer-huge-losses-at-the-somme
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 11:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Balkan News, 11 July 1916

Foto van een krant... https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Balkan_News_11_July_1916.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Jul 2018 11:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Submarine bombardment of Seaham - Colliery town under attack in July 1916

From: 11-Jul-1916
Civil Parish: Seaham

If you are familiar with the history of County Durham you may know that Hartlepool was bombarded by the German fleet in 1914, but did you know that Seaham also came under enemy fire in 1916?

In the colliery village of New Seaham, 1.5 miles inland from Seaham Harbour on the north east coast, the quiet of a July evening was shattered by a German submarine attack. At around 10:30pm on 11 July 1916 a German submarine surfaced near Seaham Harbour and fired 39 shells over Seaham in the direction of New Seaham and Dawdon.

Although many of the shells landed in nearby fields, one woman, Mrs. Mary Slaughter of Hebburn, was hit by an exploding shell and severely injured as she was walking through the colliery yard with her cousin. She died in hospital the next morning.

At 14 Doctor Street the family of miner Carl Mortenson had a lucky escape. The nose of a shell demolished part of their back yard wall, drilled a hole clean through the kitchen wall, flew across the room and landed near the front door, but did not explode. None of the occupants were harmed. Mrs. Mortenson was in the kitchen at the time, and the shell missed her. The rest of the family were in bed upstairs.

You can see a photograph of the houses in Doctor Street on the East Durham Then and Now website: http://www.east-durham.co.uk/index1.htm . Go to Seaham Old Photographs > Streets >Colliery Streets. The Doctor Street photo is numbered A35, on the second page of the photo gallery.

Doctor Street was the furthest street from the sea, so the submarine shell had a long way to travel. Ironically the street was originally named German Row because it had such a good view of the German Ocean (the North Sea was known as the German Ocean until the early 20th century).

Imagine the fear aroused by this surprise attack. As far as we know this was the only incident where a submarine fired shells inland along the County Durham coastline in the First World War. And the timing could not have been worse for the families who were receiving the grim news of the casualties on the Somme. Even poor Mary Slaughter had come to New Seaham because she thought it would be safer than risking the zeppelin air raids on her home town of Hebburn.

Lees meer op en via http://www.durhamatwar.org.uk/story/11185/
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