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5 April
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Apr 2011 22:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Prisoner of War Treatment of Injuries, 1918

The following statement was made by a soldier whose right arm and both legs were severely injured, leading to a below the knee left leg amputation. His medical treatment was, in the main, good but he suffered severely from poor and inadequate food and would have died of starvation if it were not for the emergency food parcels from the British Relief Committee and the Red Cross Society.

On 5th April, 1918, the Germans attacked from. the direction of the village of Dernancourt, and during a bombardment by the enemy a high explosive shell got me. I had both legs shattered; one has since been amputated below the knee, and my right arm also was badly fractured. I was rendered absolutely helpless. I lay in that tunnel till about 5 p.rn., when I was carried out by two of our Pioneers (then prisoners of war) to the dressing station (German). I was carried on a stretcher. The German dressing. station was at Maricourt. Here I lay for a fortnight. My left leg was here amputated below the knee.

I was taken thence to Valenciennes, where I lay in hospital for about a fortnight. At. the time there were very few Australian prisoners of war there. The treatment we received here was very good. The German doctors and German nursing sisters were both skilled and attentive. The food, too, was good, as it was. supplied in the main, by French civilians.

I put in the remainder of my period of captivity in Germany in the province of Brandenberg, at a place called Guben. It was a big lager and lazarette, and I was in the latter from 9th May till I left on exchange for England.

In the lazarette the doctor was good, but the food, was awful. The doctor was an Italian prisoner of war, whose name I have never heard. Two British prisoners of war (marines captured away back in 1914) did the orderly work in the ward. The food was mainly a soup, of which the principal ingredients were water, smashed swedes or mangolds, grass, and mushrooms. We got a small slice of war bread per day, and drank coffee substitute. There were about half-a-dozen Australians here.

The food conditions here were fearful. I was only saved from starvation by the emergency food parcels which I received from the British Relief Committee and by the white bread and biscuits that reached me from Copenhagen through the agency of the Red Cross Society.

http://www.vlib.us/medical/pow/ampn1918.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Apr 2011 22:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

USS America steams up Boston Harbor, Massachusetts, upon arrival from France with troops of the 26th Division on board, 5 April 1919.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:USSAmericaApril1919.jpg
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 05 Apr 2018 7:39, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Apr 2011 22:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australian Battlefields of World War 1 - France - 1918

April 5, 1918 - A counter attack by the 36th Battalion of the Australian 3rd Division at dawn halts the German advance beyond Villers-Bretonneux. The hard fought action costs the 9th Brigade ( Australian 3rd Division ) 660 casualties but prevents further advances towards Amiens.

http://www.anzacsinfrance.com/1918/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 05 Apr 2018 7:40, in toaal 2 keer bewerkt
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Apr 2011 22:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Chicago Daily Tribune, April 5, 1919

Brandenburg Gate Photo

Hundreds of people, mostly shop girls and women, gathered in front of the Brandenburg gate in Berlin, drawn there by an announcement placed in Berlin papers the night before stating that a motion picture camera was going to take a picture in front of the gate at noon, and that everybody who was in front of the gate would be in the picture. The announcement was a prank perpetrated by a night worker at the papers. The Chicago Tribune foreign news service reported: "Some people stood there for hours before they realized that this was the first day of April, known in Germany as in the United States as April Fools'

http://www.museumofhoaxes.com/hoax/af_database/display/category/1919_/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 7:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

April 5, 1918: The Government Recovers the Port of Acapulco

With the purpose of submitting the supporters of general Silvestre G. Mariscal in Guerrero, President Venustiano Carranza commissioned general Rómulo Figueroa, who at the head of two thousand men went from Manzanillo, Colima, to recover the port. Through the Costa Chica, the forces of General Fortunato Maycotte also went to Acapulco, making the rebels evict the square.

Upon his arrival in Acapulco, general Figueroa established his headquarters to plan the attack of the town of Atoyac, bastion of the rebellion supporting Mariscal. The arrival of the Constitutionalist forces dispersed the rebels, but did not end with the rebellion, which remained active until October of that year.

http://www.mexicoescultura.com/actividad/189376/en/april-5-1918-the-government-recovers-the-port-of-acapulco.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 7:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Stars and Stripes. Volume 1, Number 9, April 5, 1918

Description - The Stars and Stripes was published in France by the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) of the United States Army from February 8, 1918, to June 13, 1919. General John J. Pershing wanted a newspaper written by servicemen for the soldiers on the battlefront. On the front page of the first issue, Pershing endorsed the newspaper and characterized its purpose and content: "In this initial number of The Stars and Stripes, published by the men of the Overseas Command, the Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Forces extends his greetings through the editing staff to the readers from the first line trenches to the base ports. These readers are mainly the men who have been honored by being the first contingent of Americans to fight on European soil for the honor of their country. . . . The paper, written by the men in the service, should speak the thoughts of the new American Army and the American people from whom the Army has been drawn. It is your paper. Good luck to it." The newspaper's mission was to strengthen the morale of the troops and to promote unity within the American forces, then widely scattered and fulfilling many apparently unrelated functions. The venture was immediately popular with the soldiers and quickly sold out its first issue of 1,000 copies. Although designated as the "official newspaper of the AEF," its independent editorial voice earned the confidence and affection of common soldiers. Published exclusively in France during its 17-month run, The Stars and Stripes used a layout typical of American newspapers of the day, with wide columns, "all-capital" headlines, and lots of illustrations. The editorial staff assigned to the newspaper was composed mostly of enlisted men, including several career journalists. Second Lieutenant Guy T. Viskniskki from the Wheeler Newspaper Syndicate, New York Times drama critic Alexander Woollcott, bibliophile John Winterich, and cartoonist Abian "Wally" Wallgren of the Washington Post were among those who contributed their experience and skill. Private Harold W. Ross, later founder of The New Yorker magazine, was also on the editorial staff. The Stars and Stripes grew to a high-circulation newspaper, reaching well over 500,000 readers by its one-year anniversary. The newspaper's content contributed to its success, as did its distribution system. By a feat of ingenuity and perseverance, agents delivered the paper to the majority of the subscribers on the date of publication. Captain Richard H. Waldo, who had worked at the New York Times and Good Housekeeping before his enlistment, devised a system by which soldier distributors, or "field agents," at each Army Post Office coordinated distribution by rail, truck, and automobile (including three Cadillacs). French news dealers also delivered copies of the weekly to field agents and to hospitality centers staffed by the YMCA known as "YMCA huts." In addition, distributors mailed more than 200,000 copies to military bases and individual subscribers back home in the United States. All 71 issues of The Stars and Stripes are presented on the World Digital Library.

https://www.wdl.org/en/item/17990/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 7:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A HUNDRED YEARS AGO APRIL 5, 1918: Profiteering in Kerosene oil, from The Hindu

(from Correspondence with the Editor)
Sir: Re- profiteering in Kerosene oil in Mangalore as stated by ‘Mangalorian’ in your issue of the 2nd, this sort of profiteering has been going on even before the war. Though there is a distinct understanding between the Chief Agents and Sub-Agents of the A.P.C. and B.O.C., that the latter shall not sell Kerosene oil at a price higher than that fixed by the former, this stipulation is as a rule ignored in practice by the respective Sub-Agents. Though the two aforesaid companies employ a large staff of highly-paid inspectors, who are expected to keep a watch over their Sub-Agents, these vagaries go on un-detected. I would suggest that the Mangalore Municipality do buy a large quantity of Kerosene oil directly from the Chief Agents at the ruling rates and then retail it to the poor at reasonable prices, as was done in Calicut when a similar contingency arose. It looks silly that Government should first be approached in petty matters like these.
Ex- A.P.C.

http://www.thehindu.com/archives/profiteering-in-kerosene-oil/article23437482.ece
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 7:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This day in 1918 in The Record: April 5

Friday, April 5, 1918. The weather this morning is “splendidly loyal” as Trojans see off nearly ninety more men for the world war, The Record reports.

The 87 men departing today are part of an emergency call-up to fill vacancies in the national army caused by the discharge or transfer of draftees called up last year. They’ll be taken for training to Camp Dix in Wrightstown NJ.

“The city was gay with new flags this morning,” our reporter writes, “a clear cut atmosphere and bright sun uniting in the ceremony of farewell to the latest members of Uncle Sam’s army.”

The draftees gather at the city’s three draft district headquarters, where they receive camp comfort kits from the Rensselaer County Red Cross. The three cohorts converge at Union Depot, where Mayor Cornelius F. Burns “assured them of the appreciation of their patriotic services by the city.”

The mayor gives each man cigars and a souvenir letter, the latter “to be kept as a momento of the city’s pride in them and confidence that they will be found like all who went before them to serve their country, true Trojans and true patriots.”

The special train for Fort Dix leaves Troy at 11:30 a.m. “As the train moved out there was a remindment of bombardment ‘over there,’” our writer observes, “the tracks having been lined with torpedoes and the explosion mingling with the cheers of the crowd creating a warlike din.”

An even bigger parade is promised for tomorrow as Troy kicks off the Third Liberty Loan campaign of the world war.

The federal government is funding the war effort partly through the sale of Liberty Bonds that can be redeemed with interest after the war is over. The third bond campaign is less ambitious than the previous two, assigning Troy a quota of only $3,600,000. Equivalent to more than $63,000,000 in 2018 money, the goal is approximately half of the Collar City’s quota for the Second Liberty Loan.

“The campaign committees are beginning their work with but one thought in mind,” The Record reports, That thought isn’t winning the war, but “the winning of an honor banner for Troy.

“This city would have had one if such had been offered in previous war work philanthropies and campaigns, every one proving a success, and the members are confident that Trojans will not allow the present opportunity to go by default and lose the honor of securing such a badge of patriotism.”

The campaign begins with a parade tomorrow afternoon that should prove “one of the largest and epoch-making affairs of its kind seen here in years.”

Kevin Gilbert, http://www.troyrecord.com/article/TR/20180405/NEWS/180409922
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 7:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PAPERS RELATING TO THE FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1918, SUPPLEMENT 1, THE WORLD WAR, VOLUME I - The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Great Britain ( Page) - [Telegram]

Washington, April 5, 1918, 4 p.m.
[Shipping] Board’s State 16, for Stevens, from Hurley: Acting upon the call of the Inter-Allied Supreme War Council for the fullest possible immediate American military participation the President has decided after consultation with representatives of England and France and heads of Government departments to increase our military effort as follows:

(1) A minimum of 91,000 troops will be shipped overseas monthly commencing April 1. Every available American transport, the transports loaned by the British, and American and British liners will be used for this movement. We understand England to have guaranteed, besides, sufficient additional tonnage to carry at least 29,000 additional troops per month. This makes a total of 120,000 troops per month as a minimum.

(2) A cargo movement will be carried out consisting of the necessary engineering matériel for ports and lines of communication, such part of the aviation and ordnance programs as will be ready for shipment including replacement of materials 438,000 tons for France and 50,000 tons for England and quartermaster, medical and miscellaneous supplies for monthly increments of 91,000 men, plus maintenance of our troops now in France and establishment of reserves. Great Britain to furnish the material and supplies for the additional troops according to her agreement as fully stated in Pershing’s cablegram No. 596 of February 12 and 705 of March 10.
After careful study of all tonnage requirements of the United States it is clear that this movement can be carried out, but only with the greatest difficulty. The execution of the undertaking is subject to the provisions that we retain all neutral tonnage now employed in the service of the United States, that the submarine sinkings do not develop to an unusual extent above the present losses, that the Emergency Fleet Corporation’s promised delivery of ships be carried out, and that the import reduction now planned be not impeded. All tonnage owned or controlled by the United States will be required by the Shipping Board to meet the military program and other imperative needs and commitments. Ships loaned to France and Italy will not now be disturbed but we must utilize all Dutch ships requisitioned in our harbors to meet our present program. We cannot divert any additional tonnage without impairing the military program to which we are thus definitely committed.

The War Department is repeating this cable to Bliss and Pershing. British and French Ambassadors also notified.

Lansing

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1918Supp01v01/d137
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 8:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE OFFICIAL HISTORY OF THE NEW ZEALAND RIFLE BRIGADE - ORDER OF BATTLE—COLINCAMPS, APRIL 5, 1918

http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/WH1-NZRi-fig-WH1NZRi303a.html

Overigens is The Official History Of The New Zealand Rifle Brigade [Illustrated Edition] door Captain William Esmonde Lennox Napier online te lezen:
https://books.google.nl/books?id=3wxvCwAAQBAJ&pg=PT37&lpg=PT37&dq=COLINCAMPS,+APRIL+5,+1918&source=bl&ots=gWohSi77ud&sig=91jCKjCtWUxk2X47F7XH21Bhmsw&hl=nl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjkvcijyKLaAhWH_qQKHdMoALwQ6AEIPDAD#v=onepage&q=COLINCAMPS%2C%20APRIL%205%2C%201918&f=false
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 10:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Suffragettes parading, April 5, 1917

Mooie foto! http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3b01177/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 10:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Coal Creek Mine Disaster - April 5, 1917

“...it is the one disaster that led directly to a strike entirely concerned with a demand for safer working conditions.”

Door Wayne Norton. The BC Labour Heritage Centre Society preserves, documents and presents the rich history of working people in British Columbia.

Lees er alles over op http://www.labourheritagecentre.ca/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/CoalCreekMineDisaster1917-web.pdf
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 10:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Dickinson College - Archives & Special Collections - Dickinsonian, April 5, 1917

Musical clubs make annual spring tour. Students sign petition requesting a drillmaster to ready the student body for military service. Class Day is planned. The Educational Jubilee Organization of the Methodist Episcopal Church convinces conferences to increase Dickinson's endowment. Microcosm officers are elected. Dickinsonian board is selected. YWCA elects officers.

Online te lezen op http://archives.dickinson.edu/dickinsonian/dickinsonian-april-5-1917
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 10:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

National Park Service

Conservationists, civic leaders, and government officials submitted testimony before Congress in favor of the establishment of the National Park Service on April 5 and April 6, 1916.

The parks are the Nation’s pleasure grounds and the Nation’s restoring places…, said J. Horace McFarland, president of the American Civic Association, National Park Service. Hearing Before the Committee on Public Lands…, April 5-6, 1916. Washington Gov’t. print. off., 1916. The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920

Lees verder op https://www.loc.gov/item/today-in-history/april-05/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 10:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Illustrated War News, April 5, 1916

The Illustrated War News was a weekly British magazine produced during the First World War. Each issue contains photographs, drawings, articles, and maps portraying the allied war effort, for readers in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Newfoundland.

http://wartimecanada.ca/document/world-war-i/contemporary-accounts/illustrated-war-news-april-5-1916

Hier de PDF: http://wartimecanada.ca/sites/default/files/documents/The%20Illustrated%20War%20News%20April%205%2C%201916.pdf
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Apr 2018 10:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PUNCH, OR THE LONDON CHARIVARI - Vol. 150 - April 5, 1916.

"Dr. Solff, the German Minister for the Conolies, has left for Constantinople."
- Egyptian Mail.

Another injustice to Ireland.

Mooi... https://www.gutenberg.org/files/22873/22873-h/22873-h.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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