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22 juni

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2006 10:01    Onderwerp: 22 juni Reageer met quote

June 22

1898 Erich Maria Remarque born

On June 22, 1898, Erich Maria Remarque, the author of the great World War I novel All Quiet on the Western Front, is born in Osnabruck, Germany.

A student at the University of Munster, Remarque was drafted into the German army at the age of 18. He fought on the Western Front during World War I and was wounded no fewer than five times, the last time seriously. After the war, he worked various jobs—teacher, stonecutter, race-car driver, sports journalist—while working to complete the novel he had had in mind since the war. Published in Germany in 1929 as Im Westen Nichts Neues, it sold 1.2 million copies within a year; the English translation, All Quiet on the Western Front, published the same year, went on to similar success. It was subsequently translated into 12 languages, and made into a celebrated Hollywood film in 1930.

The smashing success of All Quiet on the Western Front was due in large part to its reflection of a widespread disillusionment with the war that took hold of many during the 1920s. Praised as a novel of unyielding realism, All Quiet on the Western Front described in stark detail the physical trauma of war. Remarque also articulated the numbing frustration and anger of the conscript soldier, sent into battle by government and military leaders for reasons of politics and power that he struggled to understand. In the words of his protagonist, Paul Baumer: “I see how peoples are set against one another and in silence, unknowingly, foolishly, obediently, innocently slay one another…I see that the keenest brains of the world invent weapons and words to make it yet more refined and enduring.”

The celebrated American journalist H. L. Mencken called All Quiet on the Western Front "unquestionably the best story of the World War." Both the book and the 1930 film version were banned by the Nazis after their rise to power in Germany in 1933 as “prejudicial to German national prestige.” Remarque went on to write nine more novels, all dealing with the horror and futility of war and the struggle to understand its purpose; his last novel, The Night in Lisbon, was unsparing in its condemnation of World War II as Adolf Hitler’s attempt to perpetrate the extermination of Jews and other “nonpeople” on behalf of the “master race.”

Though he became a naturalized American citizen and was during the 1930s a frequent participant in New York City nightlife and a companion for several years in Hollywood of the actress Marlene Dietrich, Remarque lived for most of his later life at Porto Ronco, on the shore of Lake Maggiore in Switzerland. He died at Locarno in 1970 with his wife, the actress Paulette Goddard, at his side.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2006 15:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917

Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Französische Stellung am Pöhlberg erstürmt

Großes Hauptquartier, 22. Juni.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
Von Ypern bis Armentières abends und nachts in einigen Abschnitten sehr rege Feuertätigkeit. Englische Vorstöße nordwestlich von Warneton und östlich von Houplines wurden zurückgewiesen.
Zwischen La Bassée-Kanal und Senséebach war zeitweilig das Feuer lebhaft.
Ein Angriff der Engländer, der gestern morgen südwestlich von Lens einsetzte, scheiterte verlustreich im Feuer.
Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz:
Mit großer Hartnäckigkeit suchten die Franzosen ihre bei Vauxaillon verlorene Stellung zurückzuerobern. Gestern vormittag liefen sie nach starkem Feuer viermal unter Einsatz frischer Kräfte an. Nach zähem Nahkampf verdrängten sie unsere Truppen aus einem Teil der Gräben nordöstlich von Vauxaillon. Die weiter südlich angesetzten Angriffe hatten keinen Erfolg; der Feind erlitt hier durch unsere Abwehr hohe Verluste.
Rege Kampftätigkeit herrschte in der westlichen Champagne. Morgens griffen die Franzosen am Sattel östlich des Cornillet an und drangen in unsere Linien ein. Gegenstöße verhinderten sie, den errungenen Vorteil auszubauen.
Abends brachen unsere Stoßtrupps nordöstlich von Prunay und südwestlich von Nauroy in die französischen Gräben ein und holten 30 Gefangene und Beutestücke zurück.
Am Pöhlberg, südöstlich von Moronvilliers, gelang ein sorgsam vorbereiteter Angriff in vollem Umfang. Teile von thüringischen und Altenburger Regimentern nahmen nach kurzem Feuerüberfall die feindliche Stellung in 400 Meter Breite. Über 100 Gefangene wurden eingebracht. Während der Nacht setzte der Gegner sieben heftige Gegenangriffe an, die ihm nur unwesentlichen Gewinn brachten.
Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht:
Keine wesentlichen Ereignisse.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Wieder war bei Smorgon, westlich von Luck, an der Bahn Zloczow-Tarnopol und an der Narajowka die Gefechtstätigkeit lebhaft.
Mazedonische Front:
In der Struma-Ebene Postengeplänkel.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)


Erfolgreicher Verstoß nördlich der Aisne

Berlin, 22. Juni, abends. (Amtlich.)
Im Westen bei Regenfällen nur geringe Feuertätigkeit. Erfolgreicher Vorstoß südöstlich Filain, nördlich der Aisne. Sonst nichts Besonderes. 1)


Die englische Grausamkeit gegen deutsche Schiffbrüchige

Berlin, 22. Juni. (Amtlich.)
Schon vor einiger Zeit nach Deutschland gelangte Gerüchte über die Behandlung Überlebender unseres im Mai in Verlust geratenen U-Bootes "C 26" haben jetzt auf dem Wege über das neutrale Ausland ihre vollgültige Bestätigung erfahren. Danach wurde das Boot während des Tauchens von einem englischen Zerstörer gerammt und zum Sinken gebracht. Von der Besatzung gelang es acht Mann, sich an die Oberfläche emporzuarbeiten, von denen die Engländer absichtlich nur zwei retteten. Die übrigen überließen sie wie im Falle des Torpedobootes "S 20" ihrem Schicksal. 1)


61177 Schiffstonnen, darunter zwei Truppentransporter versenkt

Berlin, 22. Juni.
1. Durch die Tätigkeit unserer U-Boote sind neuerdings in den nördlichen Sperrgebieten 21000 Brutto-Registertonnen versenkt worden. (Folgen die Einzelheiten.)
2. Im Mittelmeer wurden von unseren U-Booten neuerdings wieder Dampfer und Segelschiffe mit insgesamt 40177 Brutto-Registertonnen versenkt. Unter diesen befanden sich der englische Truppentransporter "Cameronian" (5861 Brutto-Registertonnen), der französische Truppentransporter "Yarra" (4163 Brutto-Registertonnen), die bewaffneten englischen Dampfer "Islandmore" (3046 Brutto-Registertonnen) mit 4500 Tonnen Kohlen und "Benha" (1878 Brutto-Registertonnen) mit 1700 Tonnen Johannisbrot, ferner zwei unbekannte bewaffnete englische Dampfer von je 5000 Brutto-Registonnen. Mit den Schiffen wurden Ladungen vernichtet, die in erster Linie aus Kohlen, Getreide, Öl, Wein und Phosphat bestanden.

Der Chef des Admiralstabes der Marine. 1)


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Gesteigerte Feuertätigkeit in Galizien

Wien, 22. Juni.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
In Galizien dauert die gesteigerte Feuertätigkeit an. Sonst ist die Lage überall unverändert.

Der Chef des Generalstabes. 1)


Die schweren italienischen Verluste an der Tiroler Front

Wien, 22. Juni.
Aus dem Kriegspressequartier wird gemeldet:
Verläßlichen Nachrichten zufolge haben die Italiener bei den noch nicht völlig abgeschlossenen Kämpfen auf der Hochfläche der Sieben Gemeinden bisher einen Gesamtverlust von etwa 40000 bis 50000 Mann erlitten. Demgegenüber steht als einziger Gewinnposten der äußerst geringe Raumgewinn von etwa einem Kilometer Breite und kaum hundert Schritt Tiefe auf dem Grenzkamm. 1)



Der bulgarische Heeresbericht:

Sofia, 22. Juni.
Mazedonische Front:
Im Cerna-Bogen zeitweilig lebhaftes Artilleriefeuer. In der Moglenagegend wurden feindliche Erkundungsabteilungen zurückgewiesen. Zwischen Dojran- und Butkowosee erfolgreiche Erkundungsunternehmungen. Auf dem Nordabhang des Kruschagebirges drang eine unserer Aufklärungsabteilungen bis zum Gebirgskamme beim Dorfe Mahmudli vor und griff englische Wachtposten mit Bomben und Bajonett an. Eine feindliche Abteilung wurde zersprengt, Gefangene sowie Pferde, Waffen und anderes Kriegsmaterial eingebracht. Auf dem linken Ufer der unteren Struma Gefechte zwischen vorgeschobenen Abteilungen. Auf der übrigen Front schwaches Artilleriefeuer.
Rumänische Front:
Bei Mahmudia und Isaccea Gewehrfeuer. Bei Tulcea Infanterie- und Artilleriefeuer.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jun 2010 15:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Conrad von Holtzendorff

22 June - Austrian General Conrad von Holtzendorff Dismissed with Failure of Piave Offensive

http://www.worldwar1.com/itafront/itchrono.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jun 2010 15:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

22 June 1915, Commons Sitting

DISABLED PRISONERS OF WAR: EXCHANGE WITH GERMANY.


HC Deb 22 June 1915 vol 72 c1040 1040

Mr. KING asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether he has information that there has been arranged, through the good offices of the Swedish Government, an exchange of disabled Russian and German prisoners; and whether there is a prospect that a similar arrangement may be made by which disabled British and German prisoners may be exchanged?

Lord ROBERT CECIL With regard to the first part of the question, I would refer the hon. Member to the reply given him by the Under-Secretary of State for War on the 15th of April last. With regard to the second part of the question, an exchange both of sanitary personnel and of incapacitated prisoners of war has just been finally arranged with the German Government through the United States Embassies at Berlin and in London, and will be carried out early next week.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1915/jun/22/exchange-with-germany
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jun 2010 15:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Verdun, 21 February- 18 December 1916

A major new German assault began on 1 June. This time the German aim was prepare for an attack on Verdun itself. The original idea of a battle of attrition had clearly been abandoned in favour of a serious attack on the city. Progress was slow but steady. Fort Vaux, on the east bank, came under determined assault, finally surrendering on 6 June after running out of water. This success was followed by an attack on the last ridge line between the Germans on the east bank and Verdun itself.

This began on 22 June, with a bombardment of poisoned gas. On the same day the Germans captured the village of Fleury. On 23 June a small number of German troops reached the ridgeline on the Souville heights, with at least one German soldier claiming to have glimpsed the rooftops of Verdun. However, greatest German advances had been won on a narrow front, exposing the most advanced German troops to flank attacks. The French line above Verdun held.

23 June was the nearest the Germans would come to a breakthrough at Verdun. The Battle of the Somme was about to begin, while on the eastern front the Russians had shown an unexpected resilience. A new German attack was planned for 11 July. On the same day Falkenhayn issued an order that ended major offensive action at Verdun, while allowing for an active defence. The attack of 11 July still went ahead, but it was the last German attack of the battle.

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_verdun.html#3
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jun 2010 15:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

22 June 1916, Commons Sitting

ss. "SUSSEX" (PUNISHMENT OF SUBMARINE COMMANDER).


HC Deb 22 June 1916 vol 83 c291 291

Mr. STUART-WORTLEY asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he can give the House information of any punitive or disciplinary measure taken by the German Government in accordance with their promise to the United States Government in the case of the submarine commander responsible for the torpedoing of the "Sussex"?

Sir E. GREY I have not received any information on the subject.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1916/jun/22/ss-sussex-punishment-of-submarine
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Jun 2010 16:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WW1: Experiences of an English Soldier

Letter to Jack 22nd June 1919

22nd June 1919 was a Sunday, generally a rest day with time to catch up with letters. Harry's last letter was 1st June, also a Sunday.

June 22/19

Dear Jack
Just a line to let you know that I have received your letter and the towel you sent it is very good of you to send it. Ethel and Annie wants me to try and get home on leave for August, but its no use me asking from this end there is some men here now with 18 months in without leave although they are going on leave from Fiume with eight months if they write for leave they want to send to the war office as it is no use at all sending here. any way I hope to be home on leave by October as I think it will get down to twelve months when peace is signed let me know as soon as that happens as we dont here much out here. I am still officers servant and cook but I dont know how long it will last. Do you think you could send Ethel 10/- a month and begin in the first week in July and then the first week in August till I get a leave and then I might draw some credits. No doubt they will ask you to write for a special leave if you do write to the war office as I should like to get home when things break up, any way let me know what you think best. Write as often as you can and let me know all the news, do you think the Germans will sign peace, if they do we should be demobed in six months time. I shall be very pleased to get out of it although I have not done any drilling now for about six months and I have always had eggs and bacon for breakfast while I have been a this country place and plenty of new potatoes and fruit I was surprised at the Derby winner. I will write a line to Mrs Higgins when I have time and tell her that I did not receive her parcel which she sent at christmas. Are you going home for Annie wedding she told me in her last letter that she had wrote and ask you, let me know if you do, Ethel tells me that they have given notice at Whitworth Rd. I dont think it will be very healthy for Willie at Mill street. I hope she gets another house. Write as often as you can hoping you and Agnes are keeping in the best of health.
With Best Love
Harry

Address
32507 9th Y+L
attached Royal Munster Fusiliers
A.P.O. Box.R. L.1
I.E.F Italy

put R.M.F in full


There is still no indication of when Harry will be getting home. This letter talks of "leave" in October - very different from demobilisation. Harry's last (only) leave was in September 1918.

He seems aware that the statesmen are meeting in Paris to work out a peace treaty that will finally, formally end the hostilities.

10/- means 10 shillings which was equivalent to £0.50, worth about £25 in todays values. I don't think Harry is missing the drilling and marching.

http://wwar1.blogspot.com/2009/06/letter-to-jack-22nd-june-1919.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Jun 2011 22:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

22 juni 1915

Western Front

German gains recovered by French on the heights of the Meuse.

French occupy Sondernach (Lorraine).

Eastern Front

Austrians retake Lemberg.

Southern Front

Italians repulse Austrian attacks at Freikofel (Trentino).

Naval and Overseas Operations
http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1915_06_22.htm

German submarine sunk at Borkum.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2012 6:11    Onderwerp: Louvencourt, 22 june 1918 Reageer met quote

Tug of war with horses, New Zealand Artillery sports, Louvencourt, 22 June 1918



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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2016 14:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Albatros @ 22 Jun 2016 9:26 schreef:
Vandaag 100 jaar geleden: eerste operationele vlucht van de nieuwe Sopwith tripe van op vliegveld Koksijde . Voor de eerste keer vliegt een driedekker boven het front. Al vlug gecopieerd door de vijand.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hammond Circus Train Wreck

The Hammond Circus Train Wreck occurred on June 22, 1918 during the last months of World War I and was one of the worst train wrecks in US history. Eighty-six people were reported to have died and another 127 were injured when a locomotive engineer fell asleep and ran his train into the rear of another near Hammond, Indiana.

Lees verder op https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hammond_Circus_Train_Wreck
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Guardian - 22 June 1918: New epidemic. Is it Spanish influenza?

An epidemic of influenza is reported from places as wide apart as the West of Ireland and London, but, as far as can be gathered up to the present, it is most severe in Rochdale and the Rossendale Valley, where hundreds of cases have occurred and schools and mills have been closed.

It is not by any means a common form of influenza, and doctors at first had some difficulty in diagnosing it. The earliest cases occurred at Rochdale on Tuesday of last week among children at a Council school. By Friday 80 cases had been reported there, and the school was closed. Most of the children affected were nine and ten years of age. The disease, however, spread to adults, among the first two teachers and Dr. Anderson, the Rochdale medical officer of health.

Last night, Dr. Anderson said, "The incubation period is very short, and one child suffering from the disease could easily transmit it to a hundred others in a very short time. The attack is short and sharp, lasting as a rule three or four days. With adults it is generally more virulent. I think it will be much more difficult for adults to get over an attack than for children."

Though there is no actual proof of the origin of the epidemic, Dr. Anderson believes that infection was carried to Rochdale by a soldier. "From the accounts of the recent influenza in Spain," Dr. Anderson said, "there seems to be great similarity between that and the present outbreak."

An "Influenza" Epidemic [leader]

The announcement of new ailments, like the announcement of new cures, is always to be received with caution, but it looks as though the Rossendale epidemic presented a special problem for investigation. The curious thing is that others of a somewhat similar kind should be reported from London and the West of Ireland, and that in all three cases the symptoms seem to bear a resemblance to the mysterious malady which recently attacked about one-third of the inhabitants of Spain.

In Rossendale, as in other places, the illness is described as being a form of gastric influenza, extremely infectious and of brief duration. As to its cause the evidence at present forbids more than speculation, but the question has a special interest because of the possibility that ailments and diseases may be spread by soldiers and other returning from the front. Malaria is one such possibility, trench-fever another. It is a far cry from these possibilities to Rossendale, but the instance shows that outbreaks which in other days might have been passed over lightly are now worth examining in the light of larger possibilities.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jun/22/epidemic-influenza-june-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Shire-wide news extracts from the [b]Moruya Examiner of 22 June 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:[/b]

Pte. Edward Sheehan, second son of the late Mr. T. Sheehan of Gundary has been killed in action. Both brothers of the Misses Sheehan have now paid the supreme sacrifice.

Sergt. O’Grady, a native of Nerrigundah and a brother of Mrs Alf Richards, of Eurobodalla, has been wounded a second time. This gallant Australian has been decorated three times.

OUR BOYS. – Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Thomson have received the following from their son, Pte. Arthur, who was in the Barry Road Hospital, Northampton, England, when writing on 15th April.

The last letter I wrote was it France, but this one is from England. I was in the big push of Fritz’s, and it was some push, believe me. Our battalion made a counter attack at a village on the Somme. We pushed him right back and held him. I got a bullet in the hand. I think it will be “Aussie” this time as it will be a long while before I get the use of it again.

A MORUYA BOY DECORATED. Writing from the Richmond River, Mr. E. L. Arnett says: “ I am enclosing a letter received from a comrade of my son, Pte. Arthur, who was killed in action. You will notice that the writer mentions that my son, Pte. Charlie, has won the Military Medal. I also received word from the front that he won it by a raid on the enemy’s lines after dark and capturing a machine gun, which had been annoying the Australians.”

https://www.beagleweekly.com.au/single-post/2018/06/20/100-Years-Ago-June-22nd-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First Field Artillery Brigade Observer, 22 June 1918

An issue of the First Field Artillery Brigade Observer, 22 June 1918, no.5. The report describes several raids, including "the Austrians, under orders from the Kaiser and with the object of putting new enthusiasm into their disheartened people, launched a big offensive, which the Italians have handled to date masterfully."

http://dr.library.brocku.ca/handle/10464/6115
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Painting camouflage on a tank in Erin, 22 June 1918

Foto... https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205091980
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WWI - Battle of the Piave River - 22nd June 1918 Italian frontline trench near Candelu

Foto... https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WWI_-_Battle_of_the_Piave_River_-_22nd_June_1918_Italian_frontline_trench_near_Candelu.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 7:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Century Ireland 1918...

...with all the news from 100 years ago. Here is a round-up of the main stories.

Arthur Griffith wins East Cavan by-election
Cootehill, 22 June 1918 - Arthur Griffith, the founder of Sinn Féin, has been elected to the Westminster seat for East Cavan.

Riots in Vienna as food ration reduced
Vienna, 22 June 1918 - Strikes and riots have become almost a daily occurrence in the Austrian capital of Vienna since last week when bread rations were reduced to only three ounces per person per day.

https://www.rte.ie/archives/2018/0620/971863-edition-129-century-ireland/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

On this day 22 June 1917 - Fleet Air Arm Officers Association

Observers like pilots had been wearing the eagle badge above the rank rings, but on 22 June 1917 Observers were ordered to wear the winged O. The formalisation of the Observer Branch continued and in the London Gazette of January 8th 1918 there was an Order in Council making provision for the pay and emoluments of the Observer Branch of the Royal Naval Air Service.

https://www.fleetairarmoa.org/news/on-this-day-22-june-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First World War Letters of H.J.C. Peirs

B. E. F.
22. 6. 1917.
My dear Mother,

Many thanks for letters from you & G. to-day & one from G. yesterday. I was v. glad to have the news of the wedding & to hear that it went off well. I suppose the Record or Herald will come out with some sort of an account. Will you cut it out & let me see it? I am back again from the other crowd I was with two days ago as they have found one of their own officers to command them. However I was with them for a couple of days & found it very interesting. We are by way of being out of the line for 4 days for rest, but this looks more than it is as the first night is entirely occupied with the process of relief & I spent last night up there looking round the new area we are going to & only got back here wet to the bone at 8 this morning, the weather having changed suddenly at 5 & caught me without a coat. We had arranged a concert for the men this afternoon in a neighbouring village, but it was off as the Bosch has taken to strafing the place & they don’t like collecting a lot of men together under those conditions. It was a pity, as the troupe, which incidentally is run by Newton Bennings Division, is very good & put up an excellent show. We have a troupe too, but at the moment they have no place to act in & I don’t think they are much good anyhow. I think the C. O is going to have a short rest when we go in next, as he has been rather seedy & the accommodation at our new Hqrs is distinctly limited, viz one small concrete Bosch dugout which has just room for 3 inside & in which one has to sleep feed & do office work. From what I could see & hear of it the place is not so active as the last we were in, so we hope for a quieter time. We then hope to go back some way for an appreciable time, but these plans are too far sighted to be a certainty, as rule 1 of all war operations entails the necessity of altering all previous views as near the last moment as possible.

Love from Jack.

http://jackpeirs.org/letters/22-june-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PAPERS RELATING TO THE FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1917: The Secretary of State to Mr. Ira Jewell Williams, Philadelphia

Washington , June 22, 1917 .

Sir: The Department acknowledges the receipt of your letters of May 28 and June 6, 1917,1 in which, on behalf of your clients, The Atlantic Refining Co., you seek advice as to whether they would be justified in shipping petroleum to certain firms in St. Vincent, Cape Verde.

In reply you are advised that this Department is in receipt of information to the effect that Joaquin de St. Maurice, of St. Vincent, Cape Verde, is, in consequence of his intercourse with Hamburg and his relations with the North German Lloyd, said to be under grave suspicion.

It has been made known to the Department that the firm, known as Antonio Miguel de Carvalho & Co., which, apparently, has recently taken over the business of Joaquin de St. Maurice, is under like suspicion, and that there is danger that the consignment of petroleum, to which you refer, if shipped to this company, would be used to the advantage of the enemy.

As bearing on the matter, the Department may call your attention to the rule enunciated by American courts to the effect that intercourse, either directly or indirectly, between residents of enemy countries is illegal; also to the fact that there is now pending before Congress, as you probably are aware, a bill (H. R. 4704) with regard to trade with the enemy. A copy of the bill is enclosed herewith.1

I am [etc.]

For the Secretary of State:
Frank L. Polk
Counselor

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1917Supp02v02/d36 via https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1917Supp02v02/ch1subch3
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (The 2/4th Battalion)
Research and Resources around the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry during WWI

1917, JUNE 22nd – BILLETS AT BERNAVILLE, RESTING AND TRAINING

Schetsen/tekeningen op https://oxfordshireandbuckinghamshirelightinfantry.wordpress.com/tag/22nd-june-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party

June 22 1917 - Lucy Burns and Katherine Morey, first pickets arrested while demonstrating outside White House; never brought to trial.

June 22-26 1917 - Police arrest 27 more pickets—charged with obstructing traffic; all but six released without penalty.

https://www.loc.gov/collections/women-of-protest/articles-and-essays/historial-timeline-of-the-national-womans-party/1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Daily Telegraph, June 22 1916: Go metric says the paper

“If we dropped our insular system of coinage, weights and measures, it would be a great boon to ourselves and to all our customers and correspondents throughout the world … the metric system is superior from every conceivable point of view.”

No you’re not hallucinating, the Telegraph, that paper seen as a bastion of conservatism and tradition, really wrote these words in a leader on page 8 today in response to the conclusions of the economic conference reported the previous day, in which it was all for the new economic world order proposed, and suggested the United Kingdom make these changes to fully join in. Not that it was totally happy when decimalisation finally did come in in the 1970s, when it bemoaned the introduction of the halfpenny coin as spoiling the system!

Lees het artikel op https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/ww1-archive/12211192/Daily-Telegraph-June-22-1916.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Richard Willis Fleming's Digital Diary

22 June 1916
Buxton left this morning.

A wire came in this afternoon that an officer was to go down and report at Romani at once. I went down and when I got there I was ordered to go out with two teams with an Australian convoy of three hundred camels to Ogratina. They were taking out supplies to the 7th Australian Light Horse, who’ve been out on a stint to Bir Al Abd and are going to bivouac at Ogratina. But no further orders as to what our share in the stint was to be were forthcoming, so I just had time to get together rations for 24 hrs and had to start straight away.

We got to Katia about seven pm and halted there for a few minutes, which was quite long enough as the stink of dead horses was awful. We then pushed on the remaining six miles to Ogratina and got there at midnight. It was a very slow march but the camels can’t get along very fast and I had to go at their pace as there was only a rather limited escort and we all had to keep together.
Watered the horses at a well at Ogratina and tied them up to some palms for the rest of the night. It was pitch dark and no moon.

https://generic.wordpress.soton.ac.uk/ww1digitaldiary/2016/06/22/22-june-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Approximative Integration of the Field Equations of Gravitation by Albert Einstein

On 22 June 1916 Einstein submitted a paper predicting the existence of gravitational waves.

https://www.facebook.com/tinleymla/posts/1023666571014879:0

Voor de belangstellende(n): https://einsteinpapers.press.princeton.edu/vol6-trans/213 ... en succes...
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 8:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

22 June 1915 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage: 22 June 1915 - Militia challenge man acting suspiciously

Among the most strongly guarded places in Jersey presently are the locations where undersea telegraph cables come ashore. One of these is at St Luke’s, where a cable from France lands near the Dicq. The Militia stationed there recently challenged and then detained a foreign-looking person who was seen acting suspiciously in the area.

The undersea cables connecting the Island to the south coast of England and to Normandy and Brittany have assumed a new importance in wartime. Accordingly the Militia have been under orders to closely guard all four cable landing points. The one at St Luke’s falls within the area of coast guarded by the 3rd (Town) Battalion, and the officer in charge of outpost duty detained the man.

Major Ogier reported that the man was seen loitering suspiciously in the area at around 11.15pm and when challenged claimed to be taking a stroll. It was not the first time he was seen in this location. Ogier also stated that the man was very ‘foreign-looking’ and ‘speaking with a foreign accent’.

The Militia took the suspect to Fort Regent so that he could be handed over to the civilian authorities for investigation.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/22-june-1915
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 11:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ivor Theophilus Davies, 22 June 1915 - Oundle School

IVOR THEOPHILUS DAVIES, 22 JUNE 1915

Ivor Theophilus Davies was killed in action (...) on the 22nd June 1915.

He was born in Hampstead, London on October 4th 1894, the third son of Mr and Mrs T A Davies and lived in Southgate. He had a long Oundle career, entering the recently opened Berrystead in September 1905 at the age of 10. He moved to Laxton House two years later.

While at Oundle he was a keen sportsman. He played in the School fives team alongside Eric Yarrow and in 1913, the School team beat the Masters 274-139. All six of the School team went off to fight in the War and four were killed. In the Masters team that day, two would fall in action – Francis Norbury and George Tryon.

Ivor Davies also helped Laxton to win the Senior fives competition; stroked the House IV, appeared in the House shooting team and was commander of the Laxton cadet corps. He was also a School Prefect and then Head of House and played for the cricket XI in the summer of 1913. In the Sixth Form he studied science and went up to Caius College, Cambridge to study medicine. He left the college after just a year to do his bit in the War.

He was given a commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry and with them he journeyed to France and to the Western Front. He was killed in action at Bellewarde, near Hooge on 22nd June 1915, as the Allies attempted to expand the Ypres salient. Unusually, he was buried by the Germans but his body was not found when the War ended and his name is now inscribed on the Menin Gate.

Ivor Theophilus Davies was just 20 years old at the time of his death.

https://www.oundleschool.org.uk/Ivor-Theophilus-Davies-22-June-1915?returnUrl=/World-War-I-
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 22 Jun 2018 11:35, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 11:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Shackleton Exhibition

Midwinter's Day, 22 June 1915, marked what Shackleton portrayed--at least, to his crew-- as the halfway point through their ordeal trapped aboard the 'Endurance'. Though marked throughout the rest southern hemisphere as the shortest day of the year, in the Antarctic little distinction could be made, as their 'day' was a maximum eight hours of twilight, which wasn't much of a reprieve from the almost continuous polar night.

As Shackleton was prone to do, he took the opportunity to celebrate Midwinter's Day to boost moral. The communal area of the ship, the 'Ritz', was decked out with bunting and flags for the occasion. Hurley constructed a stage of sorts and the men put on short dramas which amused them heartily. They enjoyed a special dinner, served at 6pm, created by Green, the cook, and young Blackborow. They feasted upon roast pork, apple sauce, preserved peas and plum pudding as dessert (McNish's Diary).

As Shackleton wrote in 'South':

'We celebrated Midwinter's Day on the 22nd. The twilight extended over a period of about six hours that day, and there was a good light at noon from the moon, and also a northern glow with wisps of beautiful pink cloud along the horizon. A sounding gave 262 fathoms with a mud bottom. No land was in sight from the mast-head, although our range of vision extended probably a full degree to the westward. The day was observed as a holiday, necessary work only being undertaken, and, after the best dinner the cook could provide, all hands gathered in the Ritz, where speeches, songs, and toasts occupied the evening. After supper at midnight we sang 'God Save the King' and wished each other all success in the days of sunshine and effort that lay ahead.'

Meanwhile on the opposite side of the continent, the stranded Ross Sea Party also took the chance to have a celebration for Midwinter's Day. Irvine Owen Gaze and Richard Richards prepared a selection of games and prizes to engage the men's attention and give them a day of respite from their harsh reality. Prizes included 'an ounce of tobacco, worth its weight in gold', and a sundry of real and booby prizes-- the idea was that everyone would win something. The activities included competitions such a potato race (using tins of milk as substitutes for potatoes!), pin-the-tail-on-the-donkey, a spelling contest and a makeshift game of billiards. Victor Hayward wrote that they 'had a jolly good day'. In similar fashion to the crew of the 'Endurance', the 'Aurora' party drank and sang to the King but also to the Boss, Shackleton, of whom they had no knowledge, possessing no communication devices to receive news of their companions' encasement in the ice of the Weddell Sea.

Sources:
Harrowfield, D. & McElrea, R. Polar Castaways: The Ross Sea Party of Sir Ernest Shackleton, 1914-17. Canterbury, 2004.
Lansing, A. Endurance: Shackleton's Incredible Voyage. London, 2000.
McOrist, W. Shackleton's Heroes: The Epic Story of the Men Who Kept the Endurance Expedition Alive. London, 2015.
Shackleton, Sir E. H. South! The Story of Shackleton's Last Expedition 1914-1917. London, 1920.


https://www.facebook.com/Shackletonexhibition/posts/941289809268983:0
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 11:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Paris, France. 22 June 1919. The opening ceremonies of the Inter Allied Games held at the Pershing Stadium, during June 1919 and July 1919.

Seen here is the American Army Band marching on to the stadium at the head of the American Section of the Guard of Honour, to be inspected by General Pershing. Note the large crowd in the background.

Foto... https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1370
Zie ook hier: https://archive.org/details/cu31924014114353 & https://archive.org/stream/cu31924014114353/cu31924014114353_djvu.txt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Jun 2018 11:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

22 June 1919 - Pvt Brice Ringer killed in an accident

Brice was born at Augusta, Pike County, Indiana on January 31st 1897. He was a mechanic in Webster, Iowa.
He returned to his home state after receiving his draft notification and enlisted into the US Army at Petersburg, Indiana in May 1918.
After training at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, Brice Ringer was assigned to Convalescent Camp No.6 and set sail for service on the Western Front in the late summer of 1918.
After the Armistice, Private Ringer became part of the US Army of Occupation in Germany.
He was killed in an accident in Berlin on 22nd June 1919.
Brice Ringer's remains were repatriated to the USA.
He is buried in Augusta, Indiana.

http://westfrontassoc.mtcdevserver.com/great-war-people/remember-on-this-day/4902-22-june-1919-pvt-brice-ringer-killed-in-an-accident.html#sthash.QG47EYuF.dpbs
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