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17 augustus

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2006 5:38    Onderwerp: 17 augustus Reageer met quote

1914 Russian troops invade East Prussia

On this day in 1914, the Russian 1st and 2nd Armies begin their advance into East Prussia, fulfilling Russia’s promise to its ally, France, to attack Germany from the east as soon as possible so as to divert German resources and relieve pressure on France during the opening weeks of the First World War.

The Russian 1st Army, commanded by Pavel Rennenkampf, and the 2nd Army, led by Aleksandr Samsonov, advanced in a two-pronged formation—separated by the Masurian Lakes, which stretched over 100 kilometers—aiming to eventually meet and pin the German 8th Army between them. For the Germans, the Russian advance came much sooner than expected; counting on Russia’s slow preparation in the east, they had sent the great bulk of their forces west to face France. By August 19, Rennenkampf’s 1st Army had advanced to Gumbinnen, where they faced the German 8th Army—commanded by General Maximilian von Prittwitz—in battle on the River Angerapp on August 20.

During the Battle of Gumbinnen, Prittwitz received an aerial reconnaissance report that Samsonov’s 2nd Russian Army had advanced to threaten the region and its capital city, Konigsberg (present-day Kaliningrad) as well. With his forces greatly outnumbered in the region, he panicked, ordering the 8th Army to fall back to the Vistula River, against the advice of his staff and against the previous orders of the chief of the German general staff, Helmuth von Moltke, who had told him “When the Russians come, not defense only, but offensive, offensive, offensive.” From his headquarters at Koblenz, Moltke consulted with Prittwitz’s corps commanders and subsequently dismissed the general, replacing him with Paul von Hindenburg, a 67-year-old retired general of great stature. As Hindenburg’s chief of staff, he named Erich Ludendorff, the newly anointed hero of the capture of Belgium’s fortress city of Liege earlier that month.

Under this new leadership, and awaiting reinforcements summoned by Moltke from the Western Front, the German 8th Army prepared to face off against the Russians in East Prussia. Meanwhile, confusion reigned on the other side of the line, as the two advancing armies and their commanders, Rennenkampf and Samsonov, were cut off from each other and unable to successfully coordinate their attacks, despite enjoying numerical superiority over the Germans. This lack of communication would prove costly in the last week of August, when the Germans enveloped and devastated Samsonov’s 2nd Army, scoring what would be their greatest victory of the war on the Eastern Front in the Battle of Tannenberg. The battle elevated Hindenburg and Ludendorff to the status of national heroes in Germany. Their partnership, born in East Prussia in the opening weeks of the war, would eventually acquire mythic status, as the two men moved forward together at the heart of the German war effort, right up to the bitter end in 1918.

http://www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2006 5:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Die Nachrichten vom 17. August

1914
Der Zar wendet sich an Finnland
Deutscher Protest gegen die russische Kriegführung
Ein österreichischer Sieg in Serbien
Österreichische Erfolge gegen die Russen
Kämpfe an der montenegrinischen Grenze
Belgien bleibt auf Frankreichs Seite
Die Eroberung von Lüttich
Die Kämpfe im Elsaß
Deutschland und die Türkei
Spanien bleibt neutral

1915
Erstürmung der Südwestforts von Kowno
Forts von Nowo-Georgiewsk genommen
20 Kilometer vor Brest-Litowsk
Versenkung eines englischen Truppentransportdampfers
Die Kriegsziele der Fortschrittlichen Volkspartei

1916
Englischer und französischer Sturmangriff an der Somme gescheitert
Neuer Fliegerangriff auf Oesel
Vergebliche russische Anstürme in Nordgalizien

1917
Siegreiche Abwehr der englischen Angriffe in Flandern
Artilleriekampf in Flandern und bei Verdun
Zusammenstoß deutscher Seestreitkräfte mit feindlichen Kreuzern und Zerstörern

1918
Vergebliche feindliche Durchbruchsversuche bei Roye
Erneuter Ansturm an der Avre zurückgeschlagen
Türkischer Erfolg bei Medina
Der französische Panzerkreuzer "Dupetit-Thouars" versenkt

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/#chronik
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2006 5:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 17. August 1916

Der deutsche Heeresbericht:

Englischer und französischer Sturmangriff an der Somme gescheitert
Großes Hauptquartier, 17. August.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Das feindliche Feuer erreichte westlich von Wytschaete, sowie am und südlich vom Kanal von La Bassée zeitweise große Heftigkeit.
Nachdem bereits am Morgen starke englische Angriffe aus der Linie Ovillers - Pozières und westlich des Foureauxwaldes abgewiesen waren, sind abends nach stärkstem Vorbereitungsfeuer und mit sehr erheblichen Kräften die Engländer zwischen Pozières und dem Foureauxwalde, die Franzosen zwischen Guillemont und der Somme zum Sturm vorgegangen. Der Sturm ist gescheitert, ebenso wie die mehrfachen, von den Franzosen bis zu fünf Malen versuchten nächtlichen Wiederholungen. Nach hartnäckigem Kampfe wurden westlich des Foureauxwaldes und südlich von Maurepas eingedrungene Teile des Gegners wieder zurückgeworfen. Die feindlichen Verluste sind groß.
Südlich der Somme wurde in der Gegend von Belloy gekämpft. Die Franzosen haben hier in unserem vordersten Graben in etwa 500 Meter Breite Fuß gefaßt. Östlich davon und bei Estrées ist der Gegner abgewiesen.
Beiderseits der Maas war die Artillerietätigkeit wiederholt gesteigert. Der Versuch eines feindlichen Angriffes im Chapitrewalde wurde durch Sperrfeuer unterdrückt.
An zahlreichen Stellen der Front sind französische Patrouillenunternehmungen mißlungen.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Front des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Hindenburg:
Heftige, bis in die Nacht fortgesetzte Angriffe der Russen gegen den Abschnitt Batkow-Harbuzow (westlich von Zalocze) wurden restlos abgewiesen.
Front des Generals der Kavallerie Erzherzogs Carl:
Die Vorstöße des Feindes nördlich des Dnjestr bei Toustobaby-Konczaki blieben auch gestern erfolglos. Es wurden 154 Gefangene eingebracht. In den Karpathen ist die Höhe Stara Obczyna (nördlich vom Capul) genommen.
Balkan-Kriegsschauplatz:
Südwestlich des Dojransees warfen schwache bulgarische Vortruppen feindliche Abteilungen zurück, die aus Doldzeli vorzustoßen versuchten.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)





Neuer Fliegerangriff auf Oesel
Berlin, 17. August.
Am 15. und 16. August haben unsere Seeflugzeuge erneut die Flugzeugstation Papenholm auf Oesel und am Strande der Insel Runö stehende feindliche Flugzeuge mit gut deckenden Spreng- und Brandbomben angegriffen. Trotz heftigen Abwehrfeuers mit anschließendem Luftkampf kehrten unsere Flugzeuge sämtlich wohlbehalten zurück.
Ein in derselben Nacht von vier feindlichen Flugzeugen auf Angernsee ausgeführter Angriff hat nur geringen Sachschaden verursacht. 1)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Vergebliche russische Anstürme in Nordgalizien
Wien, 17. August.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresfront des Generals der Kavallerie Erzherzogs Carl:
Im Capulgebiet ist die Höhe Stara Obczyna genommen worden. Südlich von Moldawa und an der oberen Bystrzyca scheiterten russische Vorstöße. Sonst bei der Heeresfront nach den bereits gestern gemeldeten Angriffen bei Horozanka keine besonderen Ereignisse.
Heeresfront des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Hindenburg:
Bei der Armee des Generalobersten v. Böhm-Ermolli kam es gestern zwischen Perepelniki und Pieniaki zu Kämpfen von größter Heftigkeit. Der Feind trieb durch mehr als 12 Stunden ununterbrochen seine Massen gegen unsere Stellungen vor. Die meisten Anstürme brachen schon vor unseren Hindernissen zusammen. Wo es dem Gegner wie bei Manajov vorübergehend gelang, in unsere Gräben einzudringen, wurde er durch unsere Reserven zurückgeworfen. Die siegreiche Abwehr des russischen Stoßes ist ebensosehr dem trefflichen Wirken deutscher und österreichisch-ungarischer Batterien wie der tapferen Haltung der Infanterie, namentlich der westungarischen Regimenter 12 (Kamaron) und 72 (Poszony) zu danken. Unsere Verluste sind gering, die feindlichen außerordentlich schwer. Weiter nördlich nichts von Belang.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Während die Italiener gestern ihre Tätigkeit an der Front zwischen Plava und der Wippach auf lebhaftes Artilleriefeuer beschränkten, griffen sie zwischen diesem Flusse und Oppacchiasella unsere Stellungen fünfmal tief gegliedert an. Nur an einer Stelle hatten unsere Truppen den Feind im Nahkampf zurückzuwerfen. Im übrigen brachen seine Stürme unter besonders schweren Verlusten schon in unserem Feuer zusammen. An der Tiroler Front scheiterten kleinere feindliche Unternehmungen am Monte Piano und Civaron.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Außer der gewöhnlichen Gefechtstätigkeit an der unteren Vojusa nichts Neues.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant.

Ereignisse zur See:
In Erwiderung des feindlichen Fliegerangriffs auf Triest hat in der Nacht vom 16. auf den 17. ein Flugzeuggeschwader Venedig angegriffen. Es wurden der Bahnhof, Magazine, das Arsenal und militärische Objekte ausgiebig mit schweren, leichten und Brandbomben belegt, viele Volltreffer erzielt und ein großer Brand in den Bahnhofsmagazinen erzeugt. Ein zweites Geschwader griff erfolgreich den Innenhafen von Grado, eine Batterie am unteren Isonzo und militärische Objekte von Monfalcone an. Trotz heftigster Abwehr sind alle Flugzeuge unversehrt eingerückt.

Flottenkommando. 1)




Der bulgarische Heeresbericht:

Sofia, 17. August.
Amtlicher Heeresbericht.
Es steht ganz bestimmt fest, daß die ganze 17. französische Kolonialdivision an dem am 15. August gemeldeten Gefecht teilgenommen hat. Auch gestern hörte die feindliche Artillerie nicht auf, unsere vorderen Stellungen südlich und westlich vom Dojransee zu beschießen. Am selben Tage versuchten feindliche Infanteriekolonnen. an einzelnen Stellen bis zu fünf Gliedern tief, vorzugehen; sie wurden aber unter großen Verlusten abgeschlagen und gezwungen, sich in Unordnung nach ihren Ausgangsstellen zurückzuziehen. An der übrigen Front schwache Artillerietätigkeit.




Der türkische Heeresbericht:

Konstantinopel, 17. August.
Bericht des Hauptquartiers.
An der Irakfront versuchte ein Teil der englischen Streitkräfte, Infanterie und Kavallerie, unter dem Schutz von zwei Kanonenbooten und drei Motorbooten unsere Abteilungen bei Nassirieh anzugreifen. Nach einem vierstündigen Kampf zu Lande und auf dem Flusse mußte sich der Feind aber zurückziehen; er verlor 40 Tote und ebensoviel Verwundete und mehrere Zugtiere und ließ einige Ausrüstungsgegenstände in unserer Hand. Im Abschnitt von Fellahie kein Ereignis.
An der Kaukasusfront schoben unsere Truppen des rechten Flügels trotz der Schwierigkeiten des Geländes ihre Vorstellungen 40 Kilometer in nördlicher Richtung vor und stellten überall den Kontakt mit den feindlichen Nachhuten her, die sich zurückzogen. Im Zentrum hält verhältnismäßige Ruhe an. Mehrere Teilangriffe des Feindes gegen eine unserer Stellungen wurden zurückgeschlagen, einige Gefangene, darunter ein Offizier, wurden gemacht. Auf dem linken Flügel und im Küstenabschnitt für uns günstige Patrouillenunternehmungen.
Am 2. August morgens machten vier Flugzeuge von einem englischen Flugmutterschiff aus, das unter dem Schutze von französischen Torpedobootszerstörern vor Haifa erschienen war, einen Angriff auf Aful (Karmel) und Nazareth, warfen Bomben ab, töteten ein Kind und verletzten vier andere Personen. Die Flugzeuge wurden unter der Wirkung unseres Artilleriefeuers gezwungen, sich zur Küste zurückzuziehen.

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/16_08_17.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2006 5:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ereignisse am heutigen Tag im Jahr...
1914 Die belgische Regierung verlegt ihren Sitz von Brüssel nach Antwerpen.
Das Grosse Hauptquartier wird nach Koblenz verlegt.
1914 Die Kämpfe am Tser und Jadar (Serbien) beginnen
1915 U 68 in Dienst gestellt.

http://www.westfront.de/today/today.pl
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2006 7:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 17. August 1914


Der Zar in Moskau

Petersburg, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Der Kaiser und die Kaiserin sind mit dem Großfürsten-Thronfolger und ihren Töchtern gestern Abend nach Moskau abgereist.


Der Zar wendet sich an Finnland

Wien, 17. Aug. (D. D. P.)
Über Stockholm geht dem "Wiener Volksblatt" die Nachricht aus Helsingfors zu, daß der Generalgouverneur den finnischen Senat zum 30. August nach Helsingfors einberufen hat zur Entgegennahme eines kaiserlichen Manifestes auf Wiedereinsetzung der autonomen finnischen Behörden.


Deutscher Protest gegen die russische Kriegführung

Berlin, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Die "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" schreibt unter der Überschrift "Deutsche Warnung an Rußland":
Durch Vermittlung einer neutralen Macht ist folgendes zur Kenntnis der russischen Regierung gebracht worden: Die Meldungen aus unserem östlichen Grenzgebiet berichten übereinstimmend, daß die russischen Truppen, wo sie preußisches Gebiet betreten haben, gegen Ortschaften und deren wehrlose Einwohner sengend und plündernd vorgegangen sind; besonders schwere Ausschreitungen sind aus den Gegenden von Schirwindt, Lyck und Soldau gemeldet worden. Deutschland erhebt vor der Öffentlichkeit Einspruch gegen eine solche dem Völkerrecht zuwiderlaufende Art der Kriegführung. Wenn durch sie die Kampfesweise einen besonders schroffen Charakter annehmen sollte, so trifft Rußland allein dafür die Verantwortung.


Ein österreichischer Sieg

Wien, 17. Aug. (Priv.-Tel, Amtliche Meldung.)
Die gestern gemeldeten Kämpfe an der Drina führten zu einem entscheidenden Siege der österreichischen Truppen über starke feindliche Kräfte, die gegen Valjewo zurückgeworfen wurden. Es wurden zahlreiche Gefangene gemacht und viel Kriegsmaterial erbeutet. Die Verfolgung des Feindes ist im vollsten Gang. Unsere Truppen kämpften mit bewunderungswürdiger Tapferkeit gegen den in starken Stellungen befindlichen, an Stärke ebenbürtigen Feind. Besondere Erwähnung verdient das Varasdiner Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 16, dessen Offiziere und Mannschaften unter den schwierigsten Verhältnissen mit der altbewährten zähen Tapferkeit der stets kaisertreuen Kroaten zum Siege stürmten.


Österreichische Erfolge gegen die Russen

Wien, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Die in ausländischen Zeitungen erschienenen Nachrichten über angebliche russische Erfolge in unseren Grenzgebieten stehen mit der Wahrheit in vollstem Widerspruch. Einige russische Detachements, die stellenweise im Grenzbereiche einige Kilometer weit vorgerückt waren, sind gleich wieder über die Grenze zurückgeworfen worden. Dagegen sind mehrere unserer Kavalleriekörper weit über die russische Grenze in das Innere Rußlands eingedrungen.


Kämpfe an der montenegrinischen Grenze

Wien, 17. Aug. (Preß-Bur.)
Die montenegrinischen Truppen haben seit zwei Tagen in der Umgebung des Berges Lisanitz in der Gegend von Grahowo gegen bedeutende österreichische Streitkräfte gekämpft; die Verluste der Montenegriner in diesem Kampfe betrugen bisher 45 Tote und Verwundete. Das 16. österreichische Armeekorps greift die Westgrenze Montenegros auf der Linie Kriwatza-Grahowo an. Das 15. österreichische Korps marschiert auf die Linie Tschainitsy-Gateko. Die österreichische Flotte bombardiert die montenegrinischen Stellungen auf dem Lowtschen.


Belgien bleibt auf Frankreichs Seite

Berlin, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Die "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" schreibt: Nach der Einnahme von Lüttich hat die deutsche Regierung durch Vermittlung einer neutralen Macht in Brüssel mitteilen lassen:
Die Festung Lüttich ist nach tapferer Gegenwehr im Sturm genommen worden. Die deutsche Regierung bedauert es auf das tiefste, daß es infolge der Stellungnahme der belgischen Regierung gegen Deutschland zu blutigen Zusammenstößen gekommen ist. Deutschland kommt nicht als Feind nach Belgien. Nur unter dem Zwang der Verhältnisse hat es angesichts der militärischen Maßnahmen Frankreichs den schweren Entschluß fassen müssen, in Belgien einzurücken und Lüttich als Stützpunkt für seine weiteren militärischen Operationen besetzen zu müssen. Nachdem die belgische Armee in heldenmütigem Widerstand gegen die große Überlegenheit ihre Waffenehre auf das glänzendste gewahrt hat, bittet die deutsche Regierung Seine Majestät den König und die belgische Regierung, Belgien die weiteren Schrecken des Krieges zu ersparen. Die deutsche Regierung ist zu jedem Abkommen mit Belgien bereit, das sich irgendwie mit Rücksicht auf ihre Auseinandersetzung mit Frankreich vereinigen läßt. Deutschland versichert nochmals feierlich, daß es nicht von der Absicht geleitet gewesen ist, sich belgisches Gebiet anzueignen und daß ihm dies durchaus fern liegt. Deutschland ist noch immer bereit, das belgische Königreich unverzüglich zu räumen, sobald die Kriegslage es ihm gestattet.

Berlin, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Die Antwort Belgiens auf das deutsche Anerbieten ging am 13. August ein; Belgien wiederholt seine frühere Ablehnung.


Die Eroberung von Lüttich

Berlin, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Das Geheimnis von Lüttich kann entschleiert werden. Uns war Nachricht zugegangen, daß vor Ausbruch des Krieges französische Offiziere und vielleicht auch einige Mannschaften nach Lüttich entsandt waren, um die belgischen Truppen in der Handhabung des Festungsdienstes zu unterrichten. Vor Ausbruch der Feindseligkeiten war dagegen nichts einzuwenden; mit Beginn des Krieges aber wurde es ein Neutralitätsbruch durch Frankreich und Belgien. Wir mußten schnell handeln. Die mobilen Regimenter wurden an die Grenze geworfen und auf Lüttich in Marsch gesetzt. Sechs Friedensbrigaden mit Artillerie und Kavallerie haben Lüttich genommen. Danach wurden sie dort mobil gemacht und erhielten als erste Verstärkung ihre eigenen Ergänzungsmannschaften. Weitere Regimenter konnten nachgeschoben werden, die ihre Mobilmachung soeben beendet hatten. Unsere Gegner sprachen bei Lüttich von 120 000 Deutschen, die den Vormarsch wegen Schwierigkeiten in der Verpflegung nicht antreten konnten. Sie haben sich geirrt, die Pause hatte einen anderen Grund.
Jetzt erst begann der deutsche Aufmarsch. Die Gegner werden sich überzeugen, daß die deutschen Armeekorps gut verpflegt und ausgerüstet den Vormarsch antreten. Seine Majestät hat sein Wort gehalten, an die Einnahme der Forts von Lüttich keinen Tropfen deutschen Blutes mehr zu setzen. Der Feind kannte unsere schweren Angriffsmittel nicht, daher glaubte er sich in den Forts sicher. Doch schon die schwächsten Geschütze unserer schweren Artillerie veranlaßten jedes durch sie beschossene Fort nach kürzester Frist zur Übergabe. Die noch erhaltenen Teile der Befestigungen retteten dadurch ihr Leben. Die Forts aber, gegen die unsere schweren Geschütze feuerten, wurden in kürzester Zeit in Trümmerhaufen verwandelt, unter denen die Besatzung begraben wurde. Jetzt werden die Forts wieder zur Verteidigung eingerichtet. Die Festung Lüttich soll den von unsern Gegnern gefaßten Plänen nicht mehr dienen, sondern den deutschen Heeren ein Stützpunkt sein.

Der Generalquartiermeister v. Stein.


Die Kämpfe im Elsaß

Berlin, 17. Aug. (W. B.)
Das Gefecht bei Mülhausen war ein Gelegenheitsgefecht. Anderthalb feindliche Armeekorps waren in das Oberelsaß eingedrungen, während unsere dort befindlichen Truppen noch in der Sammlung begriffen waren. Sie griffen trotzdem den Feind ohne Zaudern an und warfen ihn auf Belfort zurück. Danach folgten sie ihrer Aufmarschbestimmung.
Währenddessen hat eine kleine Festungsabteilung aus Straßburg am 14. ds. eine Schlappe erlitten. Zwei Festungsbataillone mit Geschützen und Maschinengewehren aus Festungsbeständen waren an diesem Tage im Vogesenpaß von Schirmeck vorgegangen. Sie wurden durch feindliches Artilleriefeuer vom Donon her überfallen. In der engen Paßstraße sind die Geschütze und Maschinengewehre zerschossen und unbrauchbar gemacht liegen geblieben. Jedenfalls sind sie vom Feinde erbeutet worden, der später auf Schirmeck vorging. Ein unbedeutendes Kriegsereignis, das keinerlei Einfluß auf die Operationen hat, aber den Truppen gegen Tollkühnheit und Unvorsichtigkeit ein warnendes Beispiel sein soll. Die wieder gesammelten Festungstruppen haben den Festungsbereich unverfolgt erreicht. Sie haben zwar ihre Geschütze, aber nicht den Mut verloren. Ob bei diesen Vorgängen Verrat der Landesbewohner mitgewirkt hat, wird noch festgestellt werden.


Deutschland und die Türkei

Konstantinopel, 17. Aug. (Priv.-Tel.)
Am Samstag hat in Stambul im Theater Millet eine große deutschfreundliche Kundgebung stattgefunden. Ein Abgeordneter von Smyrna sprach über die kulturelle Kraft der deutschen Nation, die diejenige anderer Völker, namentlich der Franzosen und Engländer weit übertreffe. Er forderte das ottomanische Volk auf, sich an die Seite Deutschlands zu stellen. Der Redner sprach sodann von dem Ankauf des deutschen Kreuzers "Goeben" durch die Türkei und schloß seine Rede mit der begeistert aufgenommenen Erklärung: "Bald wird der Halbmond in neuem Glanz erstrahlen"


Spanien bleibt neutral

Frankfurt, 17. Aug.
Der hiesige spanische Konsul Herr Francisco de Asis Caballero stellt im ausdrücklichen Auftrag des spanischen Botschafters in Berlin, Herrn Polo de Bernabes, auf das entschiedenste in Abrede, daß Spanien mit irgend einer Nation einen Vertrag abgeschlossen habe, der es zum Eingreifen in den Krieg nötige. Die bereits veröffentlichte Neutralitätserklärung Spaniens widerlegte schon diese Gerüchte, die in einem Teil der ausländischen Presse wiedergegeben waren.


Die Haltung Portugals

Berlin, 17. Aug.
Die hiesige portugiesische Gesandtschaft teilt mit, daß keinerlei Nachrichten bei ihr eingegangen sind die zu der Annahme berechtigen, daß das Gerücht von einer Beteiligung Portugals an dem gegenwärtigen Konflikt der Wirklichkeit entspräche. Sie hält es für der Wahrscheinlichkeit entbehrend. Die Gesandtschaft glaubt auch versichern zu dürfen, daß in hiesigen offiziellen Kreisen nichts vorliegt, was zu dem Gerüchte Anlaß gäbe.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Aug 2009 15:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Uit de Limburger Koerier van 17 augustus 1914

Maastricht, 16 Aug. De Roode Kruis-auto's brachten heden verschillende Belgische burgers uit Visé aan, die door Duitsche kogels waren getroffen. Zij worden naar Calvariënberg overgebracht. Treurig was de aanblik der groepen Waalsche vrouwen en kinderen die, van slechts enkele der meest noodzakelijke bagage in mandjes en dekens voorzien, schreiend in de voor haar zoo vreemde stad binnentrokken. Door de goede zorgen der gemeente werd de circa 260 vluchtelingen voorloopig onderkomen in de lokalen der Rijkskweekschool verschaft.

http://www.limburger.nl/article/20090817/TOENENNU/164941214/1068
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

On This Day - 17 August 1914

Western Front
Alsace: Renewed French advance, take Marsal and Chateau-Salins.
Sir John French takes up his headquarters at Le Cateau.

Eastern Front
East Prussia: Russians defeat Germans at Stalluponen: Germans fall back on Gumbinnen.

Southern Front
Battle of the Jadar (between Shabats and Loznitsa) continued.

Naval and Overseas Operations
Adriatic: Austrian cruiser sunk near Antivari.

Political, etc.
Belgium: Government transferred from Brussels to Antwerp.
Great Britain: Enrolment of Special Constables begins.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1914_08_17.htm
_________________

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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Stalluponen, 17 August 1914 (East Prussia)

Battle on the first day of Russia's invasion of East Prussia (First World War). The Russian First Army under General Pavel K. Rennenkampf, invading from the east, was spread out over too wide a front. It ran into a single German army corp under General Hermann von Francois, and was badly mauled. Rennenkampf temporarily withdrew to the border, having lost 3,000 men, in what would compared to later battles appear to be a minor skirmish. Francois withdrew to Gumbinnen.

Rickard, J. (15 March 2001), Battle of Stalluponen, 17 August 1914, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_stalluponen.html
Zie ook http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/stalluponen.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 16 Aug 2010 21:43, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Organization of the German Army, August 1914

Introduction - The German Army of 1914 went to war armed with the reputation of more than 60 years of victorious campaigns from the 19th and early 20th Century. Some regiments could trace a continuous line of existence back to the 17th Century, like the Royal Saxon Field Artillery Regt. Nr. 12, founded in 1620; most regiments were founded during the 18th and 19th Century.

All European countries, except Britain, required compulsory military service for it's young men, a tradition created by Napoleon Bonaparte. In Germany, all able bodied men between the ages of 17 and 45, were liable for military service. Some men working in professions considered more important than military service were exempt. During the War, some agricultural workers, heavy industrial workers, and munitions workers were also exempt.

The German Army had four classifications of military service; Active, Reserve, Landwehr and Landsturm. At the age of 17, a man might be called up to serve in the Landsturm 1st Ban, a sort of National Guard for home defense. The British Army equivalent was the Territorial force. In peace, it was mandatory to serve in the Army upon a man's 20th birthday. A 2 year period of Active service then began, or 3 years in the cavalry and field artillery. After that time, a man would be liable to serve the next 4 to 5 years in the Reserve, usually a 2 week training period each year. Serving in the Reserve during peace time, was generally regarded as a vacation from home and work. After the Reserve period, a man was then liable to serve in the Landwehr for the next 11 years. The last stage was being liable for service for 7 years in the Landsturm 2nd Ban. After the age of 45, a man was then free from further military service. It was only in times of war that the Landwehr and Landsturm were expected to be called for duty.

After 1900, another measure was created, the Ersatz (Supplement or Reinforcement) Reserve. The Ersatz Reserve was made up of men fit for active duty, but excused for family or economic reasons, and for minor physical defects. These men were liable for Reserve service for 12 years, where they might be called up for 3 annual training sessions. In practice only a small number of these men underwent any training before 1914. Men unfit for war service were still liable for service in the Landsturm from the age of 17-45.

Lees verder op http://www.worldwar1.com/sfgarmy.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

12TH ROYAL LANCERS IN FRANCE, AUGUST 17TH 1914 - NOVEMBER 11TH 1918

Short memorial history of a cavalry battalion that fought throughout the Great War on the western front, in 1914 and 1918 on horseback, but in between un-mounted. Battle honours incclude Ypres, Arras and the 1918 offensives.

The frontispiece photo of this book says it all: it shows the 23 officers of the 12th battalion, Royal Lancers, grim faced and determined as they set off for France in August 1914. Four years later when the Great War ended in November 1918 , seven of the 23 (30 percent) have been killed - a very high fatal casualty rate. This brief history of the 12th Lancers - the only one of the unit's role in the Great War - is, as Lt. Gen. Sir Philip Chetwode writes in his foreword - too brief, but it is a moving memorial to the men in that picture who did not return, written by one of their comrades who did. The 12th were rushed out to France with the rest of the BEF at the outbreak of war, arriving on August 17th in time to take part in the autumn battles as cavalry before the trench lines solidified. Later, unmounted, it took part in the defence of the Ypres salient at ZIllebeke; the battle of Arras in 1917; and in the 1918 battles when the 12th were able to resume their role as cavalry. The book contains a Roll of Honour and several photos.

Details
Product Code: 10297
Author: Major H. V. S. Charrington MC
ISBN: 9781847347312
Format: 2007 N&M Press reprint (original pub 1921). sb. 50pp.and numerous contemporary photos. Published Price £9.50
Shipping Time: Usually despatched within 2-5 Days
Our Price: £9.50


http://www.naval-military-press.com/12th-royal-lancers-in-france-august-17th-1914-november-11th-1918.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Belgian cavalrymen against German infantry in the first days of World War One

A skirmish between Belgian Guides and German Leibgrenadiere on the 17th of August 1914, nearby the village of Zepperen, Sint-Truiden (Belgium)


Tension got high, those first days after the German ultimatum. Even in the village of Zepperen on the northeastern border of the town of Sint-Truiden in the Flemish part of Belgium. People were outraged by the German threat to invade Belgium, thus violating the neutrality of this little country guaranteed by the great European nations. On August 1th, the young men in Zepperen were mobilised and traveled by train towards their garrisons. Some of them saw it as an exciting adventure. All of them forgot the little quarrels and everyone was in a very patriotic mood. Don't forget that Belgium had not known any hostilities for as many as eighty years. Being in war was an unusual feeling. But when the fresh soldiers saw the railway-bridges and some houses blown up by the Belgian Army as a precaution measure to obstruct the German troop movements, their excitement changed into concern and fear. When these reservists were ordered to sharpen their bayonets, they realised that things got very serious indeed !

On the 6th of August, the village councilors and administrators had to gather a lot of cattle near the railway-station of Ordingen. From Zepperen-Ordingen this livestock had to be brought by train to the station of Bressoux near Liège. It was intended for the fortress of Loncin, one of six major strongpoints around Liège. Loncin was the bolt on the railway and the main road from Liège to the capital Brussels. Since the traffic by train was impossible - the Germans had already crossed the Belgian border - the herd of cattle was taken by foot via the main road Brussels-Liège. In the meanwhile, the German artillery bounced on the fortresses of Liège, and all traffic on the roads that led to Liège was haltered. So the cattle of Zepperen never reached the defenders of Loncin...

Elderly people still recall encounters with parties of German Ulans - mounted scouts with long speares- during the first days of war. They committed sabotage on railwayroads and were the eyes of the German army, before the planes got into action. But in this region of wet Haspengouw, with a lot of hay, meadows and trees, reconaissance was very difficult task. The 9th of August, a hot Sunday, the first horsemen of the 2nd Cavalry Division, led by general von Garnier and part of the German 1st Army, reached Zepperen and Sint-Truiden. They had crossed the river Meuse and came from the eastern direction Tongeren-Borgloon. They now met with the first resistance from the Belgian mounted Lancers and "Black Devils" on bicycle. These were helped by members of the citywatch of Sint-Truiden. The Germans took a few casualties and were furious : they saw everywhere ambushes by so called "Freischutze" or civilians who fired on them. They reacted unnecessarily harshly and cruelly towards the civilian population. Summary executions and even atrocities were reported.

In Zepperen, a horseman of the Leibhussards, called Otto Seeger, was shot down from his horse and then killed by Belgian Lancers, reputedly as he refused to surrender. Otto was born in Klosterfelde near Berlin in 1892 as the eldest son of a farmer and died as first of 54 young men of this village in World War I.

The Belgian Lancers were part of the only existing Belgian Cavalry Division. The division was to protect the rest of the Belgian fieldarmy posted behind the little river Gete, the first natural obstacle for the Germans on their way to Brussels and Antwerp. When reports by plain civil phone came in that hundreds of thousands of Germans marched onto this obstacle, the Cavalry Division moved northward and posted itself also behind the Gete nearby Halen. After a succesful but exhausting cavalry battle in Neerlinter near the crossing of the main road Liège-Brussels with the river Gete, the German cavalry also decided to move northwards. They tried to cross the Gete near Halen, but never managed to force a breakthrough. The Belgian Cavalry, assisted by hastily ordered in reinforcements of infantry, fought on foot in a defensive position. Successive waves of German attacks by Uhlans, Dragoons, Hussards en Cuirassiers where decimated by intense Belgian rifle fire. This battle, the last cavalryclash on divisional level in Western Europe, afterwards was called "The battle of the silver helmets", because so many German cavalrymen with their shining helmets under the khaki cover were killed that 12th of August.

The small Belgian army was in a winning mood ! Although this victory meant little on a larger scale : hundred of thousands of German infantrymen were marching against the Gete-line of defense. On the 17th of August, a squadron of Belgian Guides, the elite scouts of the Belgian Cavalry, was sent out to spy on the German march through via Borgloon-Sint-Truiden. They took pigeons with them to stay in contact with their headquarters behind the Gete. Unlike the Germans in khaki, these troopers were still dressed in their colourful 19th century style uniforms : dark green with purplish red trousers and black busbies. When the party took a break near a popular tavern at the Bernissem-woods, they believed themselves to be sufficiently hidden by the trees. So no watches were posted. The captain, according to him, halted to write his report. Two of the troopers asked for apples in a nearby farm. On of them was lighthearted and enjoyed war. The other seemed sorrowful as if he suspected his dead that afternoon. The farmer afterwards identified these men among the killed Guides.

In the meanwhile, the German main force on foot invaded the town of Sint-Truiden and the surrounding villages without meeting any resistance. A battalion of Leibgrenadiere searched for lodging in the boys school, held by the Assumptionists fathers, only a mile away from the resting Belgian Guides. The soldiers were very tired after the long marches in the hot August sun. They got ready to wash up and spent the night in the school. Suddenly, around two o'clock in the afternoon, an elderly German sentry on watch spotted the Belgians and ran quickly to alarm his officers. At first the commanding officers refused to believe him, but when they saw the unmounted horses and the Belgian cavalrymen playing cards, drinking and resting, the officers quickly set up a surprise attack. It was their baptism of fire. Most of them were nervous, but young German platoon leader Friedrich von Guretzky-Cornitz was anxious to finally engage the enemy in battle. A few weeks afterwards this 22 years old lieutenant and nephew of the German infantry general Hans von Guretzky-Cornitz was killed in action against the British Expeditionary Force near Mons. He got his Iron Cross. The Belgians close to the inn had no chance of getting away. Ten of them were shot dead or perished in the building that was set in flames by the Germans. Even the old innkeeper Alfons Lassaut was killed, one says by bayonet thrusts. The following day, after a second fight with German infantry near Nieuwerkerken, Captain baron de Wykerslooth de Rooyestein, the leading officer of the Belgian squadron managed to cross the Gete on foot. Only 22 men and four horses of his original 120 horsemen escaped. His lieutenant, Adelin de Menten de Horne, was knocked off his feet by the fleeing horses in Bernissem-woods, got uncounscious and was taken prisoner, together with the chief sergeant. The fleeing Belgian Guides were pursued by other German infantery and as far as Melveren, in the north of Sint-Truiden, one of them was shot dead. Tragically, one of the fleeing troopers, Jules Vantilt was shot down from his horse and killed only miles from his homestead. Jules was the son of the burgomaster and sexton of Wijer, a village to the north of Zepperen. This brigadier tried to hide between the potatoeleaves, but was then thrusted in his throat. Only days later his father found someone brave enough to help search the battlefield and to pick up his sons corpse. The body, already decomposing in the hot summer sun, was then quickly buried in the churchyard of Wijer.

The next day, the Assumptionists fathers buried the fallen Guides and the dead horses on the spot. Some faces were mutilated by hungry pigs that ran free. Dead bodies were even ransacked by some unscrupulous local civilians. The following February the corpses were decently buried in an honoured place in the churchyard by the Saint-Genevievechurch in the village center of Zepperen. In the midst of German occupation, this ceremony allowed people to express their patriotic feelings and a large crowd attended the funeral. The memorial print says a poem : Eight young and brave soldiers died far away from their loved ones and got a place in the finest, holy soil of Zepperen. In 1924, ten years after the event, the bodies were transferred to the collective Belgian warcemetery near Halen.

http://home.scarlet.be/~zepperen/pg006.html
Zie ook http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?p=201862&sid=21ff6470f1fd6ca5895bd6312082d5df
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1st Battalion The Cheshire Regiment
War Diaries (August to December 1914)


Introduction:
In August 1914 the 1st Battalion was in Londonderry, Ireland. At the outbreak of
War it became part of 15th Brigade, 5th Division.
The 5th Division was commanded by Major-General Sir C. Ferguson, Bt., C.B. and
comprised of the 13th, 14th and 15th Infantry Brigades, plus Brigades of the Royal
Artillery and Royal Engineers. Together with the 3rd Division this made up the 2nd
Army Corps, commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir James (Jimmy) Moncrieff
Grierson, until his death on 17 August 1914, of a heart attack in the train taking
him to the front.

http://grandadswar.mrallsophistory.com/files/War%20Diary.pdf
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 21:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

MAP 5 WEST - SITUATION 17-24 AUGUST 1914

http://20072008.free.fr/site2004/edmaw05.htm

Afkomstig uit:

MENU OF MILITARY OPERATIONS - FRANCE AND BELGIUM 1914

Compiled by Brigadier-General Sir James E. Edmonds, edited by Macmillan & Co, 1933

http://20072008.free.fr/site2004/edmonds.htm
_________________

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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Russia Invades East Prussia, August, 1914 [historical document]

Summary of Event - On June 28, 1914, Gavril Princip, a member of a Serbian terrorist organization, successfully assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. The assassination took place in Sarajevo, the capital of Austrian-held and Serbian-populated Bosnia-Hercegovina. Subsequently, Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to the Balkan kingdom of Serbia, accusing her of responsibility for the assassination of the Archduke. Serbia, while acknowledging most of Austria-Hungary's demands, found itself at war with the Habsburg state following Austria-Hungary's declaration of hostilities on July 28, 1914. The history of diplomacy in Europe for decades prior to Sarajevo insured a much wider conflict than the showdown over Austria-Hungary's presence in the Balkans. By 1914, the major European powers were divided into two major alliances that had now become "armed camps." The Triple Alliance, formed by secret treaty in 1882, embraced Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy; the Triple Entente, finalized in 1907, included Great Britain, France, and Tsarist Russia. Russia had maintained a long-standing interest in the Balkans throughout the nineteenth century. As part of Russian-inspired Pan-Slavism--attempts to foster unity of Eastern Europe's various Slavic nationalities under "Mother Russia's" influence--Russia had repeatedly intervened in Balkan politics. Russia had centuries-old ties with Bulgarians and had developed strong diplomatic ties with the Serbs as well. By 1900, Serbia was the largest independent Balkan state. Hence the Serbs, "brother Slavs" and "brother Orthodox," commanded geopolitical importance for Russia as relations between Serbia and Austria-Hungary steadily deteriorated after 1903. Russia's decision to support Serbia in the wake of Austria's declaration of war meant that a local Balkan conflict would escalate into a world conflagration. World War I, a conflict unprecedented in violence, size, and scope, had begun.

Russia entered World War I while attempting to rehabilitate her diplomatic and military reputation in keeping with her pretensions to great power status. In two prior military conflicts--the Crimean War (1853-1856) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)--Russia had suffered serious defeats. World War I presented Russia with numerous opportunities to advance territorially. The Ottoman Empire was clearly leaning toward the Triple Alliance, and indeed would formally join the German war effort by October, 1914. The Russians in this setting could hope to increase greatly their involvement in the Balkans with British and French support. In Central Europe, playing on Pan-Slavic sentiments, Russia would prove able to mobilize other Slavic groups such as the Czechs and Slovaks to fight against their Austro-Hungarian oppressors. In addition, Russia hoped for consolidation of control over Polish lands, some of which were still under German and Austrian control. All in all, the war seemed to promise much for Russia's attempt to recoup diplomatically and militarily.

The Tsar and his Council of Ministers, on July 28, 1914, ordered the first partial mobilization of the Russian Army. By July 30, Nicholas II announced a full-scale general mobilization of Russia's troops. The war effort clearly had widespread support in Russia. Among the political parties, only the Bolsheviks maintained a consistent antiwar position. The other parties from right to left enthusiastically endorsed the war in a special meeting of the Russian parliament, the Duma, on August 8, 1914. Support for war came from key non-Russian nationalities of the Russian Empire as well.

Enthusiasm, however, could not overcome serious difficulties as Russia prepared for its first campaign. Russia's key advantage, its potential manpower, was tempered by many factors. With Russia's huge population, the Russians entered the war with a standing army of more than 1,400,000 men with 3,000,000 in reserve. However, this massive army lacked proper equipment throughout the war. Russia had just begun to industrialize prior to the war, and its small-scale industrial base could not readily produce a mass of war matériel. Rail and other forms of transportation to the Prussian frontier were severely underdeveloped, hampering the movement of weapons and men westward; medical facilities were deficient; Russian military intelligence was weak; troops as well as officers were poorly trained. The Russian general staff could not measure up to any commanders of the other great powers. The personal hatred between Generals E K. Rennenkampf and A. V. Samsonov, leaders of the campaign into East Prussia, created yet another liability to afflict the East Prussian campaign.

In terms of overall planning, the Triple Entente asked far too much of the Russian Army in planning the invasion of East Prussia. Russia was expected to draw German forces away from France so that the French might be relieved of a massive German assault. To draw off sufficient German companies to the Eastern Front, Russia was required to launch a fateful invasion of East Prussia a mere sixteen days into the mobilization. This forced the Russians to commit 800,000 troops--more than half of the standing army--to the very first campaign of the war. On August 17, 1914, the Russian First Army, under General Rennenkampf, invaded East Prussia from the east. According to plan, on August 19, General Samsonov at the head of the Russian Second Army was to proceed from 'Warsaw northward into East Prussia. The two Russian armies would thus encircle the German forces in a giant pincers movement. At first, matters went Russia's way, with Rennenkampf winning in his first few encounters with German troops. At this point, however, the German high command became greatly concerned with Rennenkampf's successes and brought General Paul yon Hindenburg out of retirement to head the defense of East Prussia. With the entry of Hindenburg into the campaign, Russia's early successes were followed by massive defeats.

Hindenburg, in a calculated risk, decided to focus his first actions against Samsonov's trailing Second Army. Counting on Rennenkampf's hatred of Samsonov, Hindenburg reasoned that Rennenkampf would not come to the aid of Samsonov's forces--a calculation which proved frighteningly true for the Russians. While smaller in number, the Germans used their superior weaponry and staff to surround and massacre Samsonov's Second Army between August 23 and 30 in what came to be known as the Battle of Tannenberg. The bulk of Samsonov's forces were captured or killed, and Samsonov himself committed suicide upon this crushing defeat. As Hindenburg expected, Rennenkampf had failed to support the Second Army. With Samsonov's forces defeated, the Germans then concentrated full force against Rennenkampf's First Army, which was chased from East Prussia by mid-September, 1914. The Russian invasion of East Prussia ended in the total defeat of the Tsar's forces. Russian losses were estimated at 300,000 men and 650 guns. This terrible loss served as the first damper on support for the war in Russia. The East Prussian debacle, coupled with subsequent Russian losses, helped to convert mounting Russian domestic discontent into revolution by 1917.

FURTHER READINGS
Thoumin, Richard. The First World War. Ed. Martin Kieffer. Trans. by Martin Kieffer. G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1964.
Charques, Richard. The Twilight of Imperial Russia. Phoenix House, 1958.
Florinsky, Michael T. The End of the Russian Empire. Yale University Press, 1931.
An account by one of the leading émigré historians
Harcave, Sidney. Russia: A History. J. B. Lippincott Company, 1968.
Text includes a good chapter on World War I and the East Prussian invasion
Pares, Bernard. The Fall of the Russian Monarchy: A Study of the Evidence. Alfred A. Knopf, 1939.
Classic account by a British historian of Rasputin, the war, and the end of tsardom
Seton-Watson, Hugh. The Decline of Imperial Russia, 1855-1914. Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1952.
Contains a chapter on the impact of the war on Russia
Von Laue, Theodore H. Why Lenin? Why Stalin? A Reappraisal of the Russian Revolution, 1900-1930. J. B. Lippincott Company, 1964.
Provides a good discussion of how the war weakened the Tsarist aristocracy


http://www.russia.by/russia.by/readme.php?subaction=showfull&id=1189693800&archive=&start_from=&ucat=7&category=7
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Messages
From Commanding Officer 4th Light Horse (Lt Col Leonard Long)
To Headquarters 2nd Light Horse Brigade


17th August 1915

1. At 1930 yesterday liquid bomb fired from enemy’s trenches ?? along from GUN RIDGE landed at number 10 sap. The bearing to the ? was taken and forwarded to Brigade Headquarters.
During the night four bombs were fired from the same position.

2. Deepening saps.

3. Casualties one

http://percysmith.blogspot.com/2007/04/chapter-8-gallipoli-5-17-august-1915.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

August 17, 1915: Lynching of Leo Frank

I am presenting a piece on the death of Leo Frank. Frank was killed on August 17, 1915.

Frank’s death – a lynching – was the culmination of nearly two and a half years of legal battles following the murder of Mary Phagan, an Atlanta factory girl.

Lezen en doorklikken! http://swinethemad.wordpress.com/2010/08/15/august-17-1915-lynching-of-leo-frank/
Zie ook http://www.stomfront.org/forum/t304954/ Rolling Eyes
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Events of the Gallipoli Campaign

17 August 1915 - Sir Ian Hamilton informed Lord Kitchener that the August offensive had failed. He requested 45,000 reinforcements to bring units already on Gallipoli up to strength and another 50,000 to make further offensives possible.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/august-october-1915.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: 1914 - 1916

• Auguest 10th: Strikers shot at in Ivánovo-Voznesénsk; casualties.

• August 17-19th: Strikers in Petrograd protest at the deaths in Ivánovo-Voznesénsk.

http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/russiaandukraine/a/rrevstimeline5.htm
_________________

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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1st/5th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment

Gallipoli - 1915 - Deaths - Bedfordshire Men

Surname - Forenames - Rank - Number - Date of Death - Cause of death - Place of Residence

BARTON [Cyril] Bert Private 3120 17th August 1915 Died of wounds Luton

BILLING Thomas Sergeant 3684 17th August 1915 Killed in action Wootton

DRACUP Albert Frank Lance Sergeant 3026 17th August 1915 Killed in action Bedford

FOSTER William Henry Sergeant 2958 17th August 1915 Killed in action Luton

ROBINSON Jack A W Lance Sergeant 3035 17th August 1915 Killed in action Ampthill

STENHOUSE James or John Private 3553 17th August 1915 Died of wounds Luton

THURLOW Frederick W Private 2762 17th August 1915 Died of wounds Luton

WOODCRAFT Albert Private 2928 17th August 1915 Died of wounds Flitwick

http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Regiments/BedsRegimentGallipoli.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Accidents 1915 on - Scottish Mining Website

17 August 1915 - Blantyre - Miner Electrocuted - Bardykes Colliery, owned by the Summerlee Company, was, on Tuesday, the scene of a tragic fatality, the victim being John M'Dougal (29), roadsman, who resided at Broompark Road, Larkfield, Blantyre. The unfortunate man came in contact with an electric cable and was electrocuted, death being instantaneous. The deceased leaves a widow and three children. [Hamilton Advertiser 21 August 1915]

http://www.scottishmining.co.uk/310.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The drama of "Le Linge"

The General JOFFRE decides to attack in this area refusing a new supply. Meanwhile, a last effort will be tempted to a decisive success!

On August 17th and August 29th 1915: 2 new attacks - the tops are reached , but no held, the attacks are stopped. The opponents get organized face-to-face.

Then that will be the high German counterattack.

The 129th D.I. of the General NOLLET has been reliefed by the 47th D.I. of the General DE POUYDRAGUIN. He inspects the 1st lines : it is a distorted battle front, zigzaging, unprotected below a remarkably organized enemy.

http://www.linge1915.com/historique-an.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Notable Aviators of the Italian Front

Godwin Brumowski - Austria
Brumowski was the Austro-Hungarian Empire's highest scoring ace. When war was declared, he was serving as an officer in an artillery regiment. After distinguishing himself in combat on the Russian front, he transferred to the air service in July 1915. Posted to Flik 1, he frequently flew missions as Otto Jindra's observer before becoming a pilot on 3 July 1916. In November 1916, Brumowski joined Flik 12 on the Italian front. Scoring five victories in less than two months, he was one of the few Austro-Hungarian pilots to receive the Gold Bravery Medal. In March 1917, after studying German fighter tactics with Jasta 24 on the Western Front, he assumed command of Flik 41J, the first true Austro-Hungarian fighter squadron. Though he continued to favor the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I, Brumowski began flying the Albatross D.III in the summer of 1917, scoring his first victory with this aircraft on 17 August. By October 1917, his Albatross had been painted red, and when airborne, his squadron was easily identified by the macabre insignia Brumowski designed: a white skull on a black background. Having been recognized as an extraordinary leader, he was given command of all Austro-Hungarian fighter squadrons of the Isonzo on 11 October 1918.

http://www.worldwar1.com/itafront/ifaviators.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sixth battle of the Isonzo, 4-17 August 1916

(...) Finally on 17 August Cadorna ended the offensive.

The sixth battle of the Isonzo was the most successful of the first eleven battles of the Isonzo. The Italians advanced between three and four miles along a fifteen mile front. They suffered 51,232 casualties, amongst them 12,128 missing. Austrian losses were 49,035, including 20,000 prisoners of war. The Italian victory boosted morale at a crucial moment, but Cadorna had once again failed to achieve a breakthrough. Three more attacks would follow during 1916, not of which would come close to repeating the success of the sixth battle.

Rickard, J (31 August 2007), Sixth battle of the Isonzo, 4-17 August 1916 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_isonzo6.html
Zie ook http://www.worldwar1.com/itafront/ison1916.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

17 August 1916 → Commons Sitting

GERMAN SUBMARINE AT TEMPLE PIER.


HC Deb 17 August 1916 vol 85 cc2065-6 2066

Mr. GILBERT asked the Secretary to the Admiralty whether he can make a statement as to the number of persons who were admited to view the captured German submarine at the Temple Pier, the total receipts from the exhibition, and the amount available for distribuion to naval charities?

Dr. MACNAMARA The total number of people who passed through the turnstile is 302,960, and the total receipts £3,650 15s. 7d. After the necessary expenses of the exhibition have been deducted, the balance remaining will be available for distribution to Naval charities. The account will be got out shortly. The Admiralty are much indebted to the police, the Port of London Authority, and the London County Council, for the trouble which they have taken to make the exhibition a success. I am quite sure also that the public have greatly appreciated the services of the warrant officer in command, and of the chief petty officer and other ratings of the Royal Navy and Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve who were in charge of the vessel, and of the arrangements for admission.

Mr. CHURCHILL Will the right hon. Gentleman now consider whether this weapon cannot now be put to a more military use?

Dr. MACNAMARA I believe that has been considered.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1916/aug/17/german-submarine-at-temple-pier
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

World Aviation in 1916

17 August - The Wright Martin Aircraft Corporation is formed in the USA after a merger of the Wright and Glenn Martin companies.

http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/aviation%20timeline/1916.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percival Phillips, Daily Express (17th August, 1917)

I talked today with a number of wounded men engaged in the fighting in Langemark and beyond, and they are unanimous in declaring that the enemy infantry made a very poor show wherever they were deprived of their supporting machine guns and forced to choose between meeting a bayonet charge and fight. The mud was our men's greatest grievance. It clung to their legs at every step. Frequently they had to pause to pull their comrades from the treacherous mire - figures embedded to the waist, some of them trying to fire their rifles at a spitting machine gun and yet, despite these almost incredible difficulties, they saved each other and fought the Hun through the floods to Langemarck.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWpasschendaele.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

August 17, 1917 in History

Italy declares war on Germany and Turkey

http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1917/august_17_1917_78722.html

August 17 – One of English literature's important meetings takes place when Wilfred Owen introduces himself to Siegfried Sassoon at the Craiglockhart War Hospital in Edinburgh.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1917#August
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The 180th Promotion of the Military Maria Theresia Order 17th August 1917

On the the occasion of his thirtieth birthday on the17th of August 1917 His Majesty Kaiser Karl conducted at his summer residence at Villa Wartholz near Reichenau at the foot of the Rax mountains the largest ceremonial awarding or Promotion of the Military Maria Theresia Order of the First World War. It will be noted that some of the individuals had received a promotion between the confirmation of their award and the actual award ceremony at Wartholz. On this day Commander's Crosses were awarded to:

Feldmarschall Hermann Freiherr Kövess von Kövessháza
Generaloberst Erherzog Joseph
Generaloberst Viktor Freiherr von Dankl
General der Infanterie Artur Freiherr Arz von Straußenburg
and twenty Knights Crosses

Ga voor prachtige foto over deze memorabele dag naar http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/mmto180.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Jasta 17 in Belgium (1917)

On 17th August, Leutnant Wilhelm BECKER is credited with his first aerial victory at 21H25 (a Sopwith claimed N.E. of Kortemark).

http://www.baha.be/Webpages/Navigator/Belgian_Aviation_History/ww_i/jasta_17_in_belgium.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

View of the landscape, Hill 60, 17 August 1917. [AWM E02045]

Fotootje... Klein maar fijn... http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/zwarte-leen/index.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

MARYSVILLE GLOBE - The Official Newspaper for Marysville WA
Volume XXVI Number 31 Friday, August 17, 1917. Official Paper of Marysville

crime robbery - RANCHER HAS RIBS BROKEN BY BURGLAR - O. L. Peterson, one of our nearby ranchers and milk vender, suffered from two or three broken ribs and was nearly knocked out last Thursday night at about 10 o'clock by a thief who was stealing grain from his barn. Mr. Peterson had missed grain but was not at this time suspecting the presence of any marauder when he went to the barn on coming home from down town and went out to attend to some chare.
The first he knew a feed box struck him in the stomach and took his breath, breaking some ribs. A moment later as he was attempting to rise the theif kicked him in the stomach and this time he lost consciousness, and when he came to, the man had gone. Mr. Peterson was able to barely drag himself to town to see a doctor and to make complaint. It was too dark to see his assailant, but he thinks he knows who it is.

wooden cop - Wednesday afternoon Marysville suffered the loss of one of her policemen. He was knocked down by Clair Robinson's truck, losing an arm and having both feet badly crushed. Some are saying that we lost the wrong policemen. The one who stuck to his post night and day and never said a word was sacrificed while the one who talks and is a constant bill of expense to the city was unharmed. A couple of days in the hospital and the wooden policeman resumed his duties.

http://www.snohomishhistory.com/msvlglobe17aug.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

141st Brigade - 47th Division - 1/18th Battalion - London Regiment - London Irish Rifles - August 1917

Place: HALIFAX
Date: 17
Moved to HALIFAX CAMP by tactical train and in the evening marched to YPRES. Battalion Headquarters at LILLE GATE. Lt. Col. D.B. PARRY D.S.O admitted to Hospital sick. Major W.H. MURPHY took over command of Battalion

http://www.rimell.u-net.com/London%20Irish%20Aug%201917.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 22:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Harry Lyell

Harry Lyell was one of the many casualties of the great war. He joined the AIF 16th October 1916 aged 19 years and 2 months. On 6th December 1916 he embarked on the Orsova at Melbourne bound for England with the 40th Battallion. On 7th March 1917 he commenced training at Sutton Mandeville followed by Camp Durrington. Harry and 40th Battallion departed Southhampton for France on 23rd July 1917 and marched into Havre on the 2nd August 1917. From Havre they were dispatched to the field on 17th August 1917. From 21st August Harry was hospitalised with defective vision and scabies and rejoined his unit on 21st September 1917. On 4th October 1917 Pte. 2821 Harry Lyell Henry was killed in action aged 20.

http://www.ormistonhouse.com.au/history2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 23:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE GREAT WAR - MANXMEN'S GALLANT PART.
[From 1918 Examiner Annual]

THE GREAT WAR which commenced in August, 1914, is still in progress, and some thousands of gallant men of Manx birth are still serving in the armies of Britain which are engaged in fighting the battle of civilisation against the onslaughts of barbarism. Since the last issue of the Examiner Annual the chief event in connection with the war has been the entry into the struggle, on behalf of the Entente, of the United States of America, and though the American forces have not yet been sufficiently organised and developed to allow of them taking an important part in the war, there is no doubt -that in the coming Spring and Summer they will be in a position to make themselves felt to considerable purpose. Fine progress has been made by the British and French in France and Belgium since April last, while the British armies in Mesopotamia and Palestine have secured important victories over the Turks. On the other hand, the Russians, from whom so much was expected, have almost entirely relaxed their efforts as a consequence of the internal troubles which have followed upon the revolution in the early part of the year-a revolution which resulted in the deposition of the Czar. Then, too, the position in Italy is grave owing to the fact that the combined German and Austrian forces have within the last few weeks severely defeated the Italians, taking, they claim, over 200000 prisoners and capturing over 2,000 guns. British and French troops have been hurried to the aid of the Italians, and at time of writing the enemy are being held on the Piave line.

In this number of the Annual we give a list as complete as is possible of Manxmen who have been killed, reported missing, and decorated in the course of the year's fighting, together with portraits of many of the Island's sons who have either made the Supreme Sacrifice for King and Country or who have been decorated for gallant conduct in the field.

KINRADE, Private W., King's Liverpool Regiment; died of wounds on August 17th, 1917.-25 Barrack St., Douglas.

http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/exans/rh_1918.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 23:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Moisei Uritsky

Moisei Solomonovich Uritsky (1873–1918) was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia.

Moisei studied law at the University of Kiev. During his studies he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and organized an underground network for importing and distributing political literature. In 1897 he was arrested and exiled for running an illegal mimeograph press. Becoming involved in the revolutionary movement, he participated in the revolutionary Jewish Bund. In 1903, he became a Menshevik. His activities in Petersburg during the 1905 revolution earned him a second term of exile. Along with Alexander Parvus he was active in dispatching revolutionary agents to infiltrate the Tsarist security apparatus.

In 1914 he emigrated to France and contributed to the Party newspaper Our Word. Back in Russia in 1917 Uritsky became a member of the Mezhraiontsy group. A few months before the October Revolution of 1917, he joined the Bolsheviks and was elected to their Central Committee on July 1917. Uritsky played a leading part in the Bolsheviks' armed take-over in October and later was made head of the Petrograd Cheka. In this position Uritsky coordinated the pursuit and prosecution of members of the nobility, military officers and ranking Russian Orthodox Church clerics who opposed the Bolsheviks.

Because Uritsky was against the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, he resigned his post in 1918, like Bukharin, Bubnov, Piatakov, Dzherzhinsky and Smirnov. On March 4, 1918, the Petrograd committee published the first number of the journal Kommunist, the public organ of the "left communist" opposition, as directed by Radek and Uritsky. The Extraordinary Seventh Congress of the Bolshevik party, which was held between March 6th and 8th, 1918, rejected the Theses on the Present Situation that was submitted as a resolution by the "Left Communists". The "Left Communists" Lomov and Uritsky, who were elected to the Central Committee, stated at the Congress that they would not work in the Central Committee, and did not begin work there for several months in spite of insistent demands from the Central Committee.

On May 25, 1918, with the Revolt of the Czechoslovak Legion, the Russian Civil War began and Uritsky resumed his position on the Central Committee.

Leonid Kanegisser, a young military cadet, assassinated Uritsky on August 17 1918 in retaliation for the execution of his friend and other officers. Following this event, along with the assassination attempt on Lenin by Fanya Kaplan on August 28, the Bolsheviks began a wave of persecution known as the Red Terror.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moisei_Uritsky
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Aug 2010 23:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Excerpts from letter from Kate Richards O'Hare to "Sweethearts," 17 August 1919

(...) There is a most wonderful article by Stuart P. Sherman in the Nation of August 9--"A Conversation on Ostriches." Be sure and read it. Everything that he says about war applies quite as forcibly to prisons and the penal system. He says: "I am in favor of removing the gilded lid of war and looking boldly inside." And I shall make it my business to force men to remove the moral, pious lid of "law and order" and force them to look inside. Mr. Sherman says: "Modern German idealism means retreating from facts into the quieter region of ideas. It means shut your eyes and everything is lovely." Mr. S. says: "For example, in the days of the Belgian atrocities, the German idealist, we are told, laid this flattering unction to his sensitive soul: that the horrors of military executions and other harsh punitive measures were mitigated by the fact that those who ordered the sanguinary acts were never the ones who carried them out. It is not clear that this division of responsibility diminished the horror for the victim, but one readily understands that a cultivated judge, who in the purity of his military idealism had ordered the shooting of Edith Cavell, would sleep better on the following night if not obliged to see the English nurse actually crumple up under the fire of his own rifle. Or, take the case of Pontius Pilate, he appears to have been a man of some fineness of sensibility--it is more than likely that he refrained from visiting Golgotha to investigate the mere physical consequences of his having washed his hands of responsibility. He withdrew, I suspect, into his own cultivated tho somewhat unimaginative mind, and left the eye-witnessing of the thing to a squad of soldiers under orders and to calloused workingmen handy with hammer and nails." Mr. S. says, speaking of the modern world, "You shut your eyes and wrap the mantle of your abstract ideas around you and lie down in the midst of horrible realities to pleasant dreams. You can't stand the gaff."

High-minded men make laws to punish other human beings, but they never enforce them; that is left to the saddistic element with no high ideals. Noble, high-minded judges pass sentences, then like Pilate, wash their hands of responsibility and never, never disturb their high-minded souls with the physical facts of the execution of those sentences. The state makes a moral and pious contract with a manufacturer of overalls to use the labor of convicts, but the high-minded men who make the moral contracts never, never harass their noble souls with the physical facts connected with the execution of those contracts. That is left to a "lowbrow" overseer, working under orders and handy with the "black hole" and "bread and water." (...)

http://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/kro/doc008g.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2010 8:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Uit de Limburger Koerier van 17 augustus 1914

Maastricht, 16 Aug. De Roode Kruis-auto's brachten heden verschillende Belgische burgers uit Visé aan, die door Duitsche kogels waren getroffen. Zij worden naar Calvariënberg overgebracht. Treurig was de aanblik der groepen Waalsche vrouwen en kinderen die, van slechts enkele der meest noodzakelijke bagage in mandjes en dekens voorzien, schreiend in de voor haar zoo vreemde stad binnentrokken. Door de goede zorgen der gemeente werd de circa 260 vluchtelingen voorloopig onderkomen in de lokalen der Rijkskweekschool verschaft.

http://www.limburger.nl/article/20100817/TOENENNU/164941214/-1
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2010 8:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

17 Augustus 1914 - Noodgeld uitgegeven door de Gemeente Rotterdam

Goed voor één Gulden
Goed voor Twee Gulden en vijftig cent
volstrekt gewaarborgd door de Stad Rotterdam


Te beginnen met 17 Augustus 1914 is dit biljet inwisselbaar
tegen wettig betaalmiddel.

Het vervalt op 1 Januari 1915

http://www.engelfriet.net/Alie/Aad/geld.htm
(heerlijke site... en ze zoeken sponsors)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2010 8:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Dardanellencampagne

Door de mislukte aanvallen op de Dardanellen wordt de Britse minister van Marine sir Winston Churchill op 26 mei 1915 ontslagen door eerste minister Herbert Asquith. Er groeien nog meer twijfels over de operatie als op 4 juni 1915 ook de derde poging Krithia in te nemen mislukt. Weer sneuvelen er duizenden geallieerden.

De versterkingen arriveren begin augustus 1915 en men start de vierde operatiefase. Ze ontschepen in de baai van Suvla om de Turkse verdediging vanuit het zuiden aan te vallen. De Anzac valt tegelijkertijd aan op Chunuk Bair maar wordt op 10 augustus 1915 verslagen door Mustafa Kemal. Ook de landing op Suvla is geen succes omdat sir Frederick Stopford zich laat overrompelen door de Turken die meteen het hoger gelegen gebied van de baai veroveren.

Een week later, op 17 augustus 1915, vraagt generaal sir Ian Hamilton nogmaals om versterkingen. Londen is verbijsterd door de vele tegenslagen. Dezelfde dag probeert men een nieuwe aanval op Suvla, maar na het oprichten van een bruggenhoofd, worden ze door de Turkse verdediging tegen gehouden en geïsoleerd. De gevechten voor Gallipoli duren onverminderd voort. Na de hitte van de zomer, krijgen ze nu af te rekenen met stormschade en koude.

De operatie is tot mislukken gedoemd, de strijdmachten kunnen het land niet binnentrekken. Het duurde maanden voor ze tot dit inzicht kwamen. Er vielen duizenden onnodige slachtoffers door de gevechten, maar ook door de enorme hitte in de zomermaanden en de ijzige kou in de winter. Klimaat en terrein waren in het voordeel van de verdedigers. Bovendien had men de Ottomaanse weerstand danig onderschat. Ook de Duitsers, die het Turkse leger aanvankelijk laag inschatten, waren onder de indruk.

http://canakkale-gecilmez.hyves.nl/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2010 8:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Galveston - orkaan

17 augustus 1915 - De Galveston Orkaan trok van Barbados naar Haiti en Jamaica en maakte landcontact in Galveston. Dankzij een zeewal, gebouwd na de Galvestonorkaan van 1900, vielen er ‘slechts’ 400 doden.
Op 5 augustus werd een tropische storm waargenomen, die een dag later was uitgegroeid tot een categorie 1 orkaan. Na op 11 augustus langs de Maagdeneilanden en Puerto Rico te zijn geraasd, volgde de orkaan zijn weg naar het westen waar hij landcontact maakte op Jamaica.

Op Jamaica werd een druk gemeten van maar liefst 983 mbar. Via Cuba, de Golf van Mexico en Texas, kwam de orkaan met categorie 3 en windsnelheden van 223 km/h op 17 augustus aan land bij Galveston, Texas. Hier vonden maar liefst 225 mensen de dood.

Hierna volgde de Galvestonorkaan zijn weg naar Houston en werd weer een tropische storm. Na Missouri en Ohio zakte de storm volledig weg.

In 1900 vond er ook een Galvestonorkaan plaats, die het leven kostte aan 8000 tot 12000 mensen. Dankzij een wal die hierna gebouwd werd, kon de Galvestonorkaan van 1915 niet zoveel slachtoffers maken.

http://www.nieuwsdossier.nl/dossier/1915-08-17/Galveston+wederom+getroffen+door+dodelijke+orkaan
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2011 6:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

AUGUST 17, 1914

The Belgian Front.
==After German cavalry appears in force at Jodoigne, King Albert orders the Belgian government to evacuate Brussels and relocate in Antwerp
==German 1st and 2nd Armies receive orders for the advance through Belgium [430.PM]: to the annoyance of Kluck, 1st Army is put under the command of Bülow of 2nd Army
==The German 2nd and 3rd Armies begin to advance

The BEF.
==Grierson, the commander of the British II Corps, dies suddenly near Amiens [morning] - he is soon replaced by Smith-Dorrien, against Sir John French’s express wishes

The Northwestern Front.
==Sir John French’s disastrous conference with Lanrezac [1000.AM], at French 5th Army HQ in Rethel, gives rise to mutual suspicion and dislike

Lorraine.
==Foch’s XXth Corps takes Château Salins in Lorraine
==OHL begins detecting French troop movements from Lorraine to the French left wing

===> http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/Marne/Marne02.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2011 8:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Start van de 11e slag aan de Isonzo die tot 12 september zou duren. De Oostenrijkers kunnen het niet meer alleen aan en vragen hulp aan de Duitsers.

The attack was carried forth from a front from Tolmin (in the upper Soča (Isonzo) valley) to the Adriatic Sea. The Italians crossed the river in several points on temporary bridges, but the main effort was exerted on the Bainsizza Plateau, whose capture was to further the offensive and break the Austro-Hungarian lines in two segments, isolating the strongholds of Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada.

After fierce and deadly fightings, the Italian Second Army, led by General Capello, pushed back Boroević's Isonzo Armee, conquering the Bainsizza and Mount Santo. Other positions were taken by the Duke of Aosta's Third Army.

However, Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada turned out to be impregnable, and the offensive wore out.

After the battle, the Austro-Hungarians were exhausted, and could not have withstood another attack. Fortunately for them (and unfortunately for their opponents), so were the Italians, who could not find the resources necessary for another assault, even though it might have been the decisive one. So the final result of the battle was an inconclusive bloodbath. Moreover, the end of the battle left the Italian Second Army (until then the most successful of the Italian Armies) split in two parts across the Soča (Isonzo), a weak point that proved to be decisive in the subsequent Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo.

To commemorate the participation of the Bavarian Infantry-Leibguard regiment, Georg Fürst wrote the March "Isonzo-Marsch".

De 11e slag is de bloedigste:
De Italianen tellen 40.000 doden en 108.000 gewonden.
De Oostenrijks-Hongaarse troepen tellen 10.000 doden, 45.000 gewonden, 30.000 vermisten en nog eens 20.000 worden er krijgsgevangen gemaakt.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Aug 2014 6:31    Onderwerp: 17 August 1914 Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force Reageer met quote

17 August 1914: Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force

On 17 August 1914 work of medically examining volunteers for the Australian Imperial Expeditionary Force began at the Parade Ground on King William Road. The pay for a private was 4s a day and 1s deferred pay while in Australia and 5s a day with 1s deferred pay plus rations while overseas. Criteria included height 5 feet 6 inches and age between 19 and 38 years. Two men aged 34 and 36, both ex-servicemen, walked from Port Pirie to enlist.

A tent city at Morphettville was set up to cope with the expected enlistments. This followed a large gathering of some 20,000 people in Elder Park on 10 August where the Governor, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Henry Galway, spoke of the patriotic spirit of South Australians. A procession of 4000 children civil servants and retired soldiers, with bands playing, had marched down King William Street where flags flew from nearly every building. More speeches from the premier and other ministers all added to the stirring of patriotic fervour. Although the leader of the Labor party asked for sympathy for the German colonists who, he said, were ‘all Australians’ this appeal was not in all cases adhered to and many Germans were in interned at Torrens Island for the duration of the war. In all about eight per cent of South Australia’s male population of a quarter of a million served overseas in the armed services.

http://www.sahistorians.org.au/175/chronology/august/17-august-1914-australian-imperial-expeditionary-f.shtml
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