Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog
Hét WO1-forum voor Nederland en Vlaanderen
 
 FAQFAQ   ZoekenZoeken   GebruikerslijstGebruikerslijst   WikiWiki   RegistreerRegistreer 
 ProfielProfiel   Log in om je privé berichten te bekijkenLog in om je privé berichten te bekijken   InloggenInloggen   Actieve TopicsActieve Topics 

27 november

 
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Actieve Topics
Vorige onderwerp :: Volgende onderwerp  
Auteur Bericht
Emiel



Geregistreerd op: 22-7-2005
Berichten: 6229

BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Nov 2006 10:54    Onderwerp: 27 november Reageer met quote

1914 : Hindenburg celebrates Warsaw campaign

On November 27, 1914, German commander Paul von Hindenburg issues a triumphant proclamation from the battlefields of the Eastern Front, celebrating his army’s campaign against Russian forces in the Polish city of Warsaw.


On November 1, Hindenburg had been appointed commander in chief of all German troops on the Eastern Front; his chief of staff was Erich Ludendorff, who had aided him in commanding several earlier victories against Russian forces in East Prussia. The new command, dubbed OberOst, had two objectives: First, they were to mount a counterattack in Poland while their colleague, Erich von Falkenhayn, managed German forces fighting in the Ypres region on the Western Front. Second, they were to balance the faltering Austrian command headed by Conrad von Hotzendorff. Earlier, Conrad had audaciously blamed his army’s failure against Russia on a lack of sufficient German support and demanded that 30 new German divisions be sent east, a notion that Falkenhayn steadfastly opposed.


The German campaign against Warsaw, launched in early November 1914, aimed to draw Russian manpower and other resources away from their ferocious assault on the struggling army of Germany’s ally, Austria-Hungary. In this it proved successful. The Germans scored several significant victories, most notably at the neighboring city of Lodz. Though the broader German assault ultimately failed, leaving Warsaw still in Russian hands, the kaiser rewarded Hindenburg by promoting him to field marshal, the highest rank in the German army.


In his statement of November 27, Hindenburg expressed his satisfaction with the results of the campaign and, of course, with his promotion. "I am proud at having reached the highest military rank at the head of such troops. Your fighting spirit and perseverance have in a marvelous manner inflicted the greatest losses on the enemy. Over 60,000 prisoners, 150 guns and about 200 machine guns have fallen into our hands, but the enemy is not yet annihilated. Therefore, forward with God, for King and Fatherland, till the last Russian lies beaten at our feet.

www.history.com
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Emiel



Geregistreerd op: 22-7-2005
Berichten: 6229

BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Nov 2006 10:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1914

Fortschritte im Argonnenwald
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. November, vormittags.
Eine Belästigung der flandrischen Küste durch englische Schiffe fand auch gestern nicht statt. Auf der Front des westlichen Kriegsschauplatzes sind keine wesentlichen Veränderungen eingetreten. Nordwestlich Langemarck wurde eine Häusergruppe genommen und dabei eine Anzahl Gefangene gemacht. Im Argonnenwald machte unser Angriff weitere Fortschritte.
Französische Angriffe in Gegend Apremont östlich St. Mihiel wurden zurückgeschlagen.
Im Osten haben gestern keine entscheidenden Kämpfe stattgefunden.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)





Ein Dank des Kaisers an Hindenburg
Berlin, 27. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Der Kaiser sandte an den Generalobersten v. Hindenburg folgendes Telegramm:

"Für den schon gestern und heute erreichten vielversprechenden Erfolg der von Ihnen geleiteten Operationen sende ich Ihnen in hoher Freude meinen kaiserlichen Dank. Auch Ihres Generalstabschefs und Ihrer anderen Helfer im Stabe gedenke ich in höchster Anerkennung. Ihren braven, nie versagenden Truppen entbieten Sie ebenfalls meine Grüße und Dank für die unübertrefflichen Leistungen im Marsch und Gefecht. Meine besten Wünsche begleiten Sie für die kommenden Tage.

Wilhelm I. R.

Auf die Meldung von Hindenburgs von dem Siege der 9. Armee in den Kämpfen in Kujawien (Schlacht bei Kutno) sandte der Kaiser dem Führer der 9. Armee, Exzellenz v. Mackensen, folgendes Telegramm:

"Als ich Sie an die Spitze der tapferen 9. Armee berief, war ich überzeugt, daß Sie das darin zum Ausdruck gebrachte Vertrauen voll rechtfertigen würden. Ihre vortrefflichen Erfolge dieser Tage haben mir hierfür den Beweis erbracht, und beglückwünsche ich Sie und Ihre braven Truppen zu diesen Ruhmestaten. Ihre unerschütterliche Tapferkeit dem weit überlegenen Feinde gegenüber ist des höchsten Lobes wert: sprechen Sie das den unseren Truppen mit meinem kaiserlichen Gruß und den besten Wünschen für die Zukunft aus.

Wilhelm I. R. 2)





Feldmarschall v. Hindenburg
Hannover, 27. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Generaloberst v. Hindenburg wurde, wie der "Hannoversche Kurier" von zuverlässiger Seite erfährt, vom Kaiser für seine bisherigen Verdienste als Führer der Ostarmee zum Generalfeldmarschall ernannt. 2)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Kämpfe in Galizien und den Karpathen
Wien, 27. November, mittags.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
An der polnischen Front verlief der gestrige Tag verhältnismäßig ruhig.
In Westgalizien und in den Karpathen hielten die Kämpfe an, eine Entscheidung ist nirgends gefallen.
Czernowitz wurde von unseren Truppen wieder geräumt.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes.
v. Hoefer, Generalmajor.

Vom südlichen Kriegsschauplatz wird in Wien amtlich gemeldet:
27. November. Die Kämpfe an der Kolubara nahmen einen günstigen Verlauf. Auch gestern wurde fast an allen Gefechtsfronten trotz zähen Widerstandes des Gegners Raum gewonnen, zirka 900 Gefangene gemacht und ein Geschütz erbeutet. Die überaus ungünstige Witterung, in den Niederungen grundloser Boden, auf den Höhen jede Fernsicht verwehrende Schneestürme erschwert zwar die Operationen, doch ist die Stimmung bei den Truppen nach Meldung aus der Front vorzüglich. 1)





Lord Kitchener über die Kriegslage

Lord Kitchener

London, 27. November. (W. B )
In der gestrigen Sitzung des Oberhauses gab der Kriegsminister, Lord Kitchener, eine Erklärung ab, aus welcher hervorgeht, daß die englischen Truppen seit Anfang Oktober andauernd dazu verwendet wurden, den deutschen Vormarsch nach der Küste zu verhindern. Die durch die Belagerung von Antwerpen verursachte Verzögerung der deutschen Vorwärtsbewegung gab General French gerade noch Zeit zu einer kühnen Vorwärtsbewegung und der Einnahme einer ausgedehnten Stellung von La Bassee bis Dixmuiden, in welcher er der Bewegung der Deutschen gegen die See Widerstand leisten konnte. Mit Hilfe englischer Verstärkungen und nach heftigstem Kampfe sei die numerisch stärkere Macht zurückgeworfen worden. Kitchener rühmte die militärischen Eigenschaften der Franzosen und die Tapferkeit der Belgier. Er berichtete, wie die Deutschen wiederholte heftige Angriffe unternommen haben, um die Linie der Verbündeten zu durchbrechen. Die Engländer hätten einmal elf Armeekorps gegenübergestanden und hätten die Laufgräben vierzehn Tage lang nicht verlassen, bis sie dann von den Franzosen abgelöst wurden. Die englischen Verluste seien schwer, aber gering gegen die des Feindes. Der Geist der Truppen sei ausgezeichnet. Den Russen sei es gelungen, in Polen die Deutschen aufzuhalten und zu schlagen. Die Verluste der Deutschen in Polen seien größer als die früher erlittenen. Die Russen trieben auf ihrem ununterbrochenen Vormarsch auf Krakau und in den Karpathen die Österreicher vor sich her. 2)






Das englische Linienschiff "Bulwark"

Neue Schiffsverluste Englands
London, 27. November. (W. B. Nichtamtlich.)
In der gestrigen Sitzung des Unterhauses teilte Marineminister Churchill mit, daß das Linienschiff "Bulwark" am 25. November morgens in Sheerneß in die Luft geflogen ist. Zwischen 700 und 800 Mann sind umgekommen, nur 12 Mann wurden gerettet. Die anwesenden Admirale berichteten, sie seien überzeugt, daß die Ursache eine innere Explosion des Magazins war, da keine Erschütterung des Wassers erfolgte. Das Schiff sank in drei Minuten und war verschwunden, als sich die dichten Rauchwolken verzogen hatten. Die Explosion war so stark, daß die Gebäude von Sheerneß bis auf die Fundamente erzitterten, und wurde mehrere Meilen weit vernommen. 2)





Persien gegen Rußland
Konstantinopel, 27. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Zu den Ereignissen in der nordpersischen Provinz Aserbeidschan erfahre ich von persischer diplomatischer Seite, daß in dem Augenblick, als die türkischen Truppen nach Salmas kamen, der Emir Hachmet, ein kaukasischer Persier, mit vierhundert Reitern nach Täbris aufbrach. Vor Täbris hatte sich dann die Zahl seiner Freiwilligen beträchtlich vermehrt. Bei seiner Ankunft in der Hauptstadt Nordpersiens lud Hachmer die Behörden des Landes ein, um ihnen die Fatwa des Heiligen Krieges zu verlesen und nochmals darauf hinzuweisen, daß etwaige nach Persien marschierende türkische Truppen als Brüder zu behandeln seien. Die patriotische Ansprache Hachmets entflammte die Perser sehr. Sie ergriffen sofort die Waffen und leisteten den Treueid gemäß ihrem Kultus, wobei der Turban auf den Rücken gehalten und der Kopf leicht nach vorwärts geneigt wird, zum Zeichen, daß sie bereit sind, für die heilige Sache zu sterben. Wenige Minuten später begann der schonungslose Angriff auf die Russen, dem kein einziger entging. In mehreren anderen Ortschaften Aserbeidschans wurde in gleicher Weise gegen die Russen verfahren. Man darf sagen, daß jetzt der größte Teil Nordpersiens sich in kriegerischer Aktion gegen Rußland befindet, aber auch aus Südpersien, der englischen Einflußzone, ist eine mehr und mehr zunehmende kriegerische Bewegung festzustellen. Der Scheikh Haz al han, der Chef der Tribus Kiuob, und Riza Kuli han, der Chef der Tribus Puchtkiuh, welche beide über annähernd 25 000 waffenfähige Männer verfügen, schlossen sich der Bewegung an. Der russische Botschafter in Teheran überreichte der persischen Regierung einen sehr heftigen Protest gegen die Vorgänge in Aserbeidschan. Das Teheraner Kabinett antwortete jedoch, daß Aserbeidschan von den Russen seit Jahren besetzt und regiert sei. Sein Einfluß dort sei konsequent von den Russen ausgeschaltet worden, und es lehne daher kategorisch ab, irgend eine Verantwortung wegen der dortigen Ereignisse zu übernehmen. Die Teheraner Regierung fügte noch folgende Argumente hinzu: Im Vorjahre hätten die Russen in Aserbeidschan mehrere Perser zum Tode verurteilt und gehängt, ohne daß man auch nur der Teheraner Regierung Kenntnis davon gegeben hätte. Der russische Botschafter zeigte sich wenig befriedigt von diesen Erklärungen und drohte Repressalien an. Jedoch gilt der Einfluß der russischen Diplomatie der in Teheran noch vor wenigen Wochen allmächtig war, als halb gebrochen. 2)





Unsere Kavallerie
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. Oktober 1914:
Als der Krieg begann, wartete alles gespannt darauf, wie sich die Tätigkeit der Reiterei entwickeln würde. Die französische Kavallerie erfreute sich allgemein eines recht guten Rufes und war auch hierzu auf Grund ihrer Taten in den vergangenen Kriegen vollkommen berechtigt. An ihrer Spitze wirkten einst ein Murat, der Meister in der Handhabung großer Reitermassen, und ihm standen Hautpoul, Lassalle, Pajol, Marubaz und viele andere tüchtige Reiterführer helfend zur Seite. Wer erinnert sich nicht der großen Attacken von Aspern, wo französische Reiterei allein so lange den Kampf hinhielt, an den großen Sturmritt der französischen Reiterkorps bei Borodino, die verwegene Attacke der Gardepolen bei Somosierra und so mancher anderen kühnen Reitertat aus jener glänzenden Kriegerzeit. Auch im Feldzuge 1870 hielten die französischen Reiterregimenter tapfer ihre Standarten hoch. Bei Wörth warf sich die Division Bonnemains todesmutig auf den Feind, um ihrer bedrängten Infanterie Luft zu machen, und bei Sedan unternahmen die französischen leichten Reiter unter ihrem glänzenden Reiterführer Gallifet, der nach dem Fall Marguerittes das Kommando der verwaisten Division übernahm, trotz schwerster Verluste drei Attacken in die vorrückenden hessischen Bataillone hinein.
Der Krieg begann. Deutsche Patrouillen stießen gegen den Feind vor. Dabei zeigte es sich, daß die Franzosen in der Gegend nördlich von Metz zur Verschleierung ihres Aufmarsches ganz eigenartige Maßnahmen getroffen hatten. Sie hatten ihre gesamte Reiterei, mit Fußjägern untermengt, in eine lange dünne Linie auseinandergezogen, um die ganze Grenze abzusperren. Dabei verfolgten sie die eigenartige Taktik, vielfach nicht die Übergangspunkte selbst zu decken, sondern sie gingen hinter diese zurück. Wenn zum Beispiel eine Brücke über einen Bach oder Fluß führte, so fanden unsere vorstoßenden Reiter diese unbesetzt; sobald sie über diese vortrabten, schlug ihnen aus einem an der Straße gelegenen Gebüsch Feuer entgegen. Ebenso wurden Dörfer geräumt und hinter diesen an geeigneten Punkten Schützen zur Straßensperrung ausgestellt. Dieses Auseinanderziehen in eine lange dünne Linie konnte nun wohl, wie sich bald herausstellte, die Aufklärungsarbeit der Patrouillen erschweren, aber niemals verhindern. Außerdem hatte es den großen Nachteil, daß stärkere Reiterkörper glatt diese dünne Kette durchstießen und dann weit vorgingen, weil infolge der langausgespannten Kette fast alle französische Reiterei zug- und eskadronweise in erster Linie eingesetzt war, dagegen stärkere Reserven dahinter fehlten, die diesem Durchbruch in Masse erfolgreich entgegentreten konnten. Es stellte sich ferner heraus, daß die Franzosen zu viel schossen und einem Zusammenstoß mit der blanken Waffe gern aus dem Wege gingen. Da nun an die deutsche Reiterei der Befehl ausgegeben war, rücksichtslos, ohne den Gegner zu zählen, stets mit der blanken Waffe anzugreifen, so kam es oft vor, daß selbst stärkere französische Patrouillen einfach ausrissen, sobald die Deutschen mit eingelegter Lanze angefegt kamen. Als Beispiel möge folgende kleine Geschichte dienen. Eine deutsche Kavalleriepatrouille, bestehend aus einem Offizier und fünf Jägern, kommt aus einer Straße vorgetrabt und sieht sich plötzlich einer französischen Kürassierpatrouille von zwölf Mann und zwei Offizieren gegenüber. Der deutsche Offizier läßt sofort seine fünf Mann aus der Straße anreiten, er selbst setzt über den Chausseegraben, um allein mit seiner Mauserpistole in der Faust dem Gegner in die Flanke zu fallen. Der Zusammenstoß erfolgt. Sobald aber die Jäger einige Franzosen über den Haufen gestochen hatten und der deutsche Offizier den Franzosen in die Flanke fällt, werfen diese ihre Pferde herum und jagen davon, obwohl sie mehr als doppelt ihrem Gegner überlegen waren.
Auch sonst hat sich wiederholt der Fall ereignet, daß die französischen Reiter ihren Offizieren nicht bei der Attacke gefolgt sind. So haben französische Jäger bei einem Anritt gegen ein Dorf, aus dem eine Kavalleriespitze heraustrat, ihren sehr braven Rittmeister, der allen voran gegen den Feind sprengte, in dem Glauben, daß seine Reiter ihm folgten, schmählich im Stich gelassen. Er attackierte buchstäblich allein, durchbrach die Spitze und jagte bis in die Teteneskadron des nachfolgenden Regiments hinein, wo er vom Pferde gestochen wurde. Ehre solchem tapferem Feinde, aber auch Schande für seine Reiter, die ihren Rittmeister in dieser feigen Weise im Stiche ließen.
Ein anderer Fall. Zwei deutsche Schwadronen gehen vor. Da sehen sie plötzlich zwei französische Eskadrons vor sich austauchen. Ein freudiges Murmeln geht durch die deutschen Reihen, da sind sie, jetzt haben wir sie. Da machen die französischen Schwadronen Kehrt und gehen über eine Brücke zurück, um sich jenseits derselben auszustellen. Das ist verständlich, denn bekanntlich ist der geeignetste Moment den Gegner anzufallen der, in dem er noch nicht ganz das Defilee durchschritten hat und sich im Aufmarsch befindet. Ganz egal, die Deutschen drängen nach. Die erste Schwadron passiert die Brücke. Jetzt heben die Führer der beiden auf der jenseitigen Höhe aufmarschierten französischen Schwadronen die Säbel als Zeichen zur Attacke, aber ihre Reiter folgen ihnen nicht. Ich glaube, angesichts dieses Anblicks muß sich der alte Reiterkönig Murat scham- und zornerfüllt in seinem Grabe auf die andere Seite gedreht haben.
Die Franzosen nahmen in dortiger Gegend keine Attacke mit blanker Waffe an, sondern fochten nur als berittene Infanterie. Es kommt noch dazu, daß die Lanze für einen großen Teil der französischen Kavallerie eine ungewohnte und lästige Waffe ist, mit der sie nicht umgehen können.
Bekanntlich führte früher nur bei den Dragonern das erste Glied Lanzen, während die anderen Waffengattungen: Husaren, Jäger und Kürassiere erst im vorigen Herbst mit dieser Waffe ausgerüstet wurden. Sie wissen diese nicht zu handhaben, und es kommt sehr häufig vor, daß sie sie verlieren oder einfach wegwerfen. So brachten denn besonders im Anfang die deutschen Patrouillen fast stets erbeutete französische Lanzen von ihren Erkundungsritten mit zurück.
Die englische Kavallerie ist tapfer, gut ausgebildet und gut beritten. Sie ist aber einem nicht gewachsen, und das ist der Furor teutonicus, der grimme Stoß, den alle Deutschen gegen diese gewerbsmäßigen Friedensstörer hegen. In der Gegend von Sedan versuchten sich die beiden englischen, seit Waterloo berühmten Reiterregimenter Scotch Crev und Irish Royal einem deutschen Reiterschwall entgegenzustemmen, der über sie hereinbrach. Aber es bekam ihnen fürchterlich schlecht, und unter ganz gewaltigen Verlusten mußten sie ihr Heil in schleunigster Flucht suchen. Die deutsche Reiterei ist in jenem rücksichtslosen Drange nach vorwärts erzogen, ohne zu fragen, was vor ihr steht, und attackiert, sobald der Befehl erfolgt. Bei Lagarde drangen deutsche Reiter tief genug in den Feind, in unerschütterte Infanterie, gewiß die gefährlichste und verlustreichste Attacke, die es gibt. Was fiel, das fiel, aber der Gefechtswert war erreicht.
Auch in der Handhabung der großen Reitermassen haben sich die Deutschen als Meister erwiesen. Als in den Kämpfen bei Paris bei Crepy en Valois-Meaux das Zurücknehmen des rechten deutschen Flügels angeordnet wurde, legten sich die deutschen dort versammelten Reitermassen mit starker Artillerie und Maschinengewehren dem Gegner vor und hielten ihn, von Höhe zu Höhe weichend, so lange aus, bis die rückwärtige Bewegung in vollster Ruhe ausgeführt und eroberte Geschütze und Gefangene mitgenommen werden konnten. Abschnitt zu Abschnitt weichend, hielten sie die französisch-englischen Streitkräfte dauernd entwickelt in Atem und verhinderten jedes Nachdrängen. Hier haben sich die mit so großer Sorgfalt bei allen großen Manövern durchführten Übungen der großen Reiterverbände als eine ausgezeichnete Schulung erwiesen und auch die Überlegenheit der deutschen Reiterei aus diesem Kampfgebiet gezeigt.
Jedenfalls kann man angesichts der vorstehend angeführten Tatsachen ohne jede Übertreibung zu dem Schluß kommen, daß die deutsche Reiterei sich in allen bisherigen Kämpfen derjenigen der Verbündeten gegenüber, was Führung und Schulung anbetrifft, vorzüglich bewährt und überlegen erwiesen hat und daß der Geist der Truppe, jener tollkühne, verwegene Reitergeist, dem auch das Unmöglichste noch absolut erreichbar erscheint, gar nicht besser sein könnte. Für unsere braven Reiter gilt auch heute noch das schöne Wort aus dem Herrlichen Reiterlied:

"Und setzet Ihr nicht das Leben ein, nie wird Euch das Leben gewonnen sein."

Walter Oertel,
Kriegsberichterstatter. 2)

www.stahlgewitter.com
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Emiel



Geregistreerd op: 22-7-2005
Berichten: 6229

BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Nov 2006 10:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915

Die Höhen am linken Sitnicaufer besetzt
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. November.
Auf dem westlichen und östlichen Kriegsschauplatz keine wesentlichen Ereignisse.
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Österreichisch-ungarische Truppen haben das Gelände südwestlich von Mitrovica bis zum Klinaabschnitt vom Feinde gesäubert. Die Zahl der bei und in Mitrovica gemachten Gefangenen erhöht sich um 1700. Westlich von Pristina sind die Höhen auf dem linken Sitnicaufer von deutschen Truppen besetzt. Weitere 800 Gefangene fielen in unsere Hand. Südlich der Drenica haben bulgarische Truppen die allgemeine Linie Goles - Stimlja - Jezerce - Ljubotin überschritten.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Fortdauer des Kampfes um Görz
Wien, 27. November.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Nichts Neues.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Die Artillerie- und Angriffstätigkeit der Italiener erstreckte sich gestern auf die ganze küstenländische Front. Vorstöße gegen unsere Stellungen auf dem Mrzli Vrh und südlich dieses Berges wurden teils im Handgemenge, teils vor den Hindernissen unter schweren Verlusten des Feindes abgewiesen. Vor dem Tolmeiner Brückenkopf hielt unsere Artillerie jeden Angriffsversuch nieder. Auch bei Plawa griffen die Italiener vergebens an. Am heftigsten waren die Kämpfe am Görzer Brückenkopf. Bei Oslavija schlugen Abteilungen des dalmatinischen Infanterieregiments Nr. 22 sechs feindliche Stürme blutig ab. Das gleiche Schicksal hatten starke Angriffe gegen Pevma und die Podgorahöhe. Die Stadt Görz steht unter andauerndem Feuer schwerer Kaliber. Einer unserer Flieger brachte im Luftkampf einen feindlichen Doppeldecker zum Absturz nach San Lorenzo di Mossa, wo das italienische Flugzeug durch unsere Artillerie zusammengeschossen wurde. Im Abschnitte der Hochfläche von Doberdo endete das Gefecht am Nordhang des Monte San Michele mit der vollen Behauptung unserer Kampffront. Am Südhang des Berges gerieten die feindlichen Angriffsbewegungen schon in unserem Geschützfeuer ins Stocken. An der Tiroler Front wurden vereinzelte Angriffsversuche in den Dolomiten vereitelt.
Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Im Raume von Cajnica und im Sandschak Novibazar ist die Lage unverändert. Auf der Suha Planina, westlich von Mitrovica, warfen unsere Truppen die Serben gegen die montenegrinische Grenze zurück. Die Zahl der Gefangenen erhöht sich stündlich. In Mitrovica wurden seit Einnahme der Stadt 11000 serbische Soldaten und 3500 wehrpflichtige Zivilisten eingebracht. Bei Pristina wurden neuerlich 800 Mann gefangengenommen. Auch weit hinter den Armeefronten werden viele Versprengte aufgegriffen.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes.
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)




Der türkische Heeresbericht:

Konstantinopel, 27. November.
An der Irakfront wurden die starken feindlichen Kräfte, die, wie im gestrigen Bericht gemeldet, mit ungeheuren Verlusten unsere vorgeschobenen Stellungen westlich von Kut el Ammara besetzt hatten, durch unseren kräftigen Gegenangriff besiegt und mußten sich in Unordnung gegen Süden zurückziehen. Unsere Truppen verfolgen den Feind.
An der Kaukasusfront warfen wir in der Gegend von Van einen von einem Teil der feindlichen Kräfte unternommenen Angriff zurück und brachten dem Feinde Verluste bei. Weiter nördlich nichts Wichtiges außer Scharmützeln zwischen den Patrouillen.
An der Dardanellenfront die gewöhnlichen örtlichen Feuergefechte. Insbesondere bei Sed ül Bahr dauert der äußerst heftige Kampf mit Artillerie und Bomben fort. Bei Anaforta beschossen einige feindliche Linienschiffe und Monitoren eine Zeitlang wirkungslos unsere Stellungen. Unsere Artillerie erwiderte und traf einen Monitor, der sich vom Ufer entfernte. Bei Ari Burun besetzten wir am 25. November morgens durch einen Überfall einen großen Teil der feindlichen Schützengräben. Unsere Artillerie traf ein feindliches Transportschiff, das sich der Landungsstelle bei Ari Burun zu nähern suchte, und zwang es, sich vom Ufer zurückzuziehen. Wir zersprengten auch feindliche Truppen in der Umgebung der Landungsstelle. Bei Sed ül Bahr ließ der Feind vor unserem linken und vor unserem rechten Flügel drei Minen springen, ohne eine Wirkung zu erzielen. Zwei davon trafen im Rückschlag den Feind selbst.
An der Dardanellenfront am 25. und 26. November Artillerie- und Bombenkämpfe mit Unterbrechung. Bei Anaforta zwang unsere Artillerie die feindliche Artillerie in der Umgebung von Karakoldagh zum Schweigen, zerstreute durch wirksames Feuer feindliche Truppen und Transportkolonnen, die ohne Deckung im südlichen Teil von Kemikliliman bemerkt wurden. und fügte ihnen Verluste zu. Bei Ari Burun zerstörten wir eine feindliche Bombenwerfer- und Maschinengewehrstellung. Unsere Artillerie zwang Transportschiffe, die sich der Landungsstelle zu nähern versuchten, zum Rückzug. Bei Sed ül Bahr zerstörte unsere Artillerie auf dem linken Flügel einige feindliche Schützengräben und Bombenwerferstellungen. Über die Ereignisse auf den anderen Kriegsschauplätzen haben wir noch keine ins einzelne gehenden wichtigen Nachrichten erhalten

www.stahlgewitter.com
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Emiel



Geregistreerd op: 22-7-2005
Berichten: 6229

BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Nov 2006 10:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1916

Einnahme von Alexandria -
Die rumänischen Linien bei Tigveni durchbrochen
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. November.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
Im Somme-Gebiet nur geringes Feuer. Ohne Artillerievorbereitung versuchten abends die Franzosen in den Südteil des St.-Pierre-Vaast-Waldes einzudringen; Maschinengewehrfeuer der Grabenbesatzung und schnell einsetzendes Sperrfeuer der Artillerie trieb sie zurück.
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz:
Östlich von St. Mihiel mißglückte ein französischer Handstreich gegen einen unserer Posten.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Front des Generalobersten Erzherzogs Josef:
In den Karpathen wurden russische Erkundungsabteilungen, im Ludowa-Gebiet mehrere Bataillone nördlich des Negrisoratales abgewiesen. Die beiderseits des Alt vom Norden vordringenden deutschen und österreichisch-ungarischen Truppen des Generalleutnants Krafft v. Delmensingen haben den Feind hinter den Topologu-Abschnitt geworfen. Östlich von Tigveni durchbrach das sächsische Infanterieregiment Nr. 182, vortrefflich unterstützt durch das zu schneller Wirkung dicht vor dem Feind auffahrende neumärkische Feldartillerieregiment Nr. 54, die feindlichen Linien und nahm dem Gegner an Gefangenen 10 Offiziere, 400 Mann, an Beute 7 Maschinengewehre ab. Der Vedea-Abschnitt ist ober- und unterhalb Alexandria erreicht, die Stadt selbst genommen. Von Turnu Severin her drängten unsere Truppen den Rest der rumänischen Orsovagruppe nach Südosten ab; dort verlegten ihm andere Kräfte den Weg. Der geschlagene Feind hat neben blutigen Verlusten hier 28 Offiziere, 1200 Mann, 3 Geschütze, 27 gefüllte Munitionswagen und 800 beladene Fahrzeuge eingebüßt. Aus den Donauhäfen zwischen Orsova und Rustschuk sind unserem Besitz bisher 6 Dampfer und 80 Schleppkähne, meist mit wertvoller Ladung, gesichert worden.
Balkan-Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Mackensen:
In der Dobrudscha scheiterten mehrere von russischer Kavallerie und Infanterie ausgeführte Angriffe. Ein Vorstoß bulgarischer Bataillone warf den Feind aus dem Vorfeld unserer Stellungen östlich von Erchesec zurück. Die Donauarmee ist - Widerstand der Rumänen brechend - im Vorschreiten.
Mazedonische Front:
Zwischen Prespasee und Cerna heftiger Artilleriekampf. Starke Angriffe auf die Höhen östlich von Paralovo brachen an dem zähen Aushalten deutscher Jägerbataillone zusammen. Östlich des Wardar belegten die Engländer die deutschen Stellungen mit starkem Feuer. Ein dann erfolgender Vorstoß ist abgewiesen worden. An der Struma Gefechte von Aufklärungsabteilungen.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister.
Ludendorff. 1)





Schwere Niederlage der Entente bei Monastir
Berlin, 27. November, abends. (Amtlich.)
Im Westen und Osten nichts Besonderes.
In Rumänien ist die ganze Altlinie in unserer Hand. In der Monastirebene und den Bergen im Cerna-Bogen schwere Niederlage der Entente durch Scheitern eines großen Angriffs von Trnova (nordwestlich Monastir) bis Makovo. 1)





Erneuter Flottenvorstoß an die englische Küste
Berlin, 27. November. (Amtlich.)
Teile unserer Seestreitkräfte unternahmen in der Nacht vom 26. zum 27. November erneut einen Streifzug bis dicht vor die englische Küste. Unweit Lowestoft wurde ein englisches Bewachungsfahrzeug versenkt, die Besatzung gefangengenommen. Einige neutrale Dampfer wurden angehalten, untersucht, und, da keine Bannware führend, wieder freigelassen. Unsere Streitkräfte kehrten zurück, ohne irgendwie sonst mit dem Feinde Berührung zu finden.

Der Chef des Admiralstabs der Marine. 1)





Eine erfundene Zeppelin-Beute
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. November.
Durch russische Zeitungen wird die Meldung verbreitet, daß die Russen an der Südwestfront in der Gegend von Sarny einen Zeppelin abgeschossen und dabei die Besatzung von 26 Mann gefangengenommen und etwa 300 Kilogramm Bomben, 2 Geschütze und 2 Maschinengewehre erbeutet haben. Diese Meldung ist erfunden. 1)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Wien, 27. November.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresfront des Generalobersten Erzherzogs Josef:
Der bei Turnu Severin geschlagene Feind ist in südöstlicher Richtung im Rückzuge und wird von österreichisch-ungarischen und deutschen Truppen verfolgt. Unsere Beute aus diesen Kämpfen beträgt 28 Offiziere, 1200 Mann an Gefangenen, 3 Geschütze, 2 gefüllte Munitionswagen und 800 beladene Fuhrwerke.
Auch in den Donauhäfen fiel reiche Beute in unsere Hände.
Östlich des unteren Alt ist der Vedeaabschnitt nördlich und südlich von Alexandria erreicht. Am oberen Alt wurde der Feind hinter den Topologuabschnitt geworfen, östlich Tigveni die feindliche Stellung durchbrochen, wobei der Feind 10 Offiziere, 400 Mann an Gefangenen und 7 Maschinengewehre einbüßte. Ein russischer Angriff mehrerer Bataillone nördlich des Negrisoratales gegen unsere Truppen blieb erfolglos. Feindliche Erkundungsabteilungen im Ludowagebiet wurden abgewiesen.
Heeresfront des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinzen Leopold von Bayern:
Die Lage ist unverändert.
Italienischer und südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Keine Ereignisse.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)




Der bulgarische Heeresbericht:

Die Einnahme von Kalafat durch die Bulgaren
Sofia, 27. November. (Generalstabsbericht vom 27. November.)
Rumänische Front:
In der Dobrudscha Artilleriefeuer auf der ganzen Front. Durch einen starken Gegenangriff warfen wir den Feind von der Höhe 234 und aus dem Dorfe Erchesec zurück und zersprengen zwei Bataillone in der Nähe dieser Ortschaft. Wir schlugen ziemlich leicht einen von Teilen der dritten russischen Kavalleriedivision unternommenen Angriff gegen einen schmalen Streifen Bodens östlich des Taschavlu-Sees sowie einen Infanterieangriff südlich der Ortschaft Ester zurück. Türkische Artillerie verjagte feindliche Infanterie, die sich gegenüber der Front der türkischen Truppen verschanzte. Zwei rasche Schiffe beschossen ergebnislos unsere Stellungen in der Nähe des Taschavlu-Sees. An der Donau zwischen Rustschuk und Cernavoda Artilleriefeuer. Der Feind befestigt in Eile das linke Donau-Ufer. Unsere Truppen sowie die Truppen unserer Verbündeten der Donau-Armee, welche die Donau bei Svistow überschritten hatten, setzten ihren Vormarsch planmäßig in der Walachei fort. Bei der Stadt Orehovo überschritten unsere Truppen die Donau und besetzten Beket, andere bulgarische Truppen überschritten die Donau bei den Städten Lom und Widdin und besetzten das gegenüberliegende Ufer. Die Stadt befindet sich in unseren Händen.




Der türkische Heeresbericht:

Konstantinopel, 27. November.
Amtlicher Bericht vom 27. November:
Kaukasusfront: Auf dem rechten Flügel fanden glückliche Zusammenstöße von Erkundungsabteilungen statt.

www.stahlgewitter.com
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Emiel



Geregistreerd op: 22-7-2005
Berichten: 6229

BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Nov 2006 10:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917

Starker Feuerkampf bei Cambrai - Vergebliche Anstürme gegen Bourlon
Großes Hauptquartier, 27. November.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
In Flandern nahm die Artillerietätigkeit zwischen dem Houthoulster Walde und Zandvoorde am Nachmittage wieder große Heftigkeit an.
In einzelnen Abschnitten des Schlachtfeldes südwestlich von Cambrai tagsüber starker Feuerkampf. Unter dem Schutze der Dunkelheit bereitgestellte englische Infanterie griff am Abend Dorf und Wald Bourlon an; in schwerem Nahkampf wurde sie zurückgeworfen.
Die Vorfeldtätigkeit blieb auf der ganzen Schlachtfront rege.
Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz:
Nördlich von Prunay wurde ein französischer Vorstoß im Grabenkampf abgewiesen. Auf dem östlichen Maasufer war die Gefechtstätigkeit tagsüber mäßig. Am Abend trat zwischen Samogneux und Beaumont und beiderseits von Ornes erhebliche Feuersteigerung ein.
Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht:
An der Combres-Höhe und zwischen St. Mihiel und Pont-à-Mousson lebte das Feuer zeitweilig auf.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz und mazedonische Front:
Keine größeren Kampfhandlungen.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Die Lage ist unverändert.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)




Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Erfolge der alpenländischen Truppen

Hauptmann Brumowsky

Wien, 27. November.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Die Lage blieb gestern unverändert. In den die letzten zehn Tage ausfüllenden Kämpfen bei Cismon haben die alpenländischen Truppen des Generals Alfred Krauß wieder mit größter Tapferkeit und Ausdauer gefochten. Hatte das Grazer Schützenregiment im Ringen um den Monte Pertica abermals seiner Vergangenheit würdige Taten vollbracht, so fanden die Oberösterreicher vom Infanterieregiment Nr. 14 und Abteilungen der Tiroler Jäger bei Il Termine und San Marino in der Brenta-Schlucht Gelegenheit, neuen Ruhm an ihre Fahnen zu knüpfen. Am 23. November hat Hauptmann Brumowsky den 25. Gegner im Luftkampf besiegt.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz und Albanien:
Nichts Neues.

Der Chef des Generalstabes. 1)




Der türkische Heeresbericht:

Konstantinopel, 27. November.
Sinaifront: An der Küste überschritt der Gegner mit Kavallerie und zugeteilter Infanterie den Wadi Audscha und setzte sich auf dem Nordufer fest. Gestern traf ihn dort unser Angriff, und zwar mit vollem Erfolg. Das Nordufer des Wadi Audscha ist vom Feinde gesäubert. 6 Maschinengewehre und 11 Gefangene blieben in unserer Hand. Eine erhebliche Anzahl fliehender Feinde sind im Fluß ertrunken. In der Mitte der Front drängte unsere Kavallerie die feindliche Kavallerie zurück und nahm ihr Beute ab.

www.stahlgewitter.com
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Britains 1st policewoman goes on duty - The 27th of November 1914 AD



A force called The Women Police Volunteers (later renamed The Women Police Service) began operating in the very early days of World War I , working alongside but independent of the Metropolitan Police. These women, however, had no powers of arrest, and no warrant cards, only identity cards. This group was formed to deter the exploitation of refugees fleeing the Germans, and to tackle the capital’s increasing problem with prostitution.

It was not though in London that the first WPC started work, but in Grantham in Lincolnshire, another feminist first for the town that where Margaret Thatcher , Britain’s first female Prime Minister, was born.

Mrs Edith Smith was a member of the Women Police Service, called in by Lincolnshire’s Chief Constable to help deal with the upsurge in prostitution in the area because huge numbers of new army recruits were billeted there for training. Such was the seriousness of the problem that the Town Council and local Watch Committee were persuaded by the Chief Constable to allow her to be sworn in with full powers of arrest.

A photograph of Mrs Smith shows a formidable young woman with a strong jaw and, behind her plain spectacles, a determined look to her eyes. She remained in the town until she quit the force in 1918, exhausted by years of working seven days a week. Tragically she committed suicide five years later, taking an overdose of morphia. Grantham’s Guildhall Museum (which was used as a makeshift jail when she served in the town) has a display dedicated to her memory.

http://www.information-britain.co.uk/famdates.php?id=440
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

27 November 1914 → Written Answers (Commons)

LONDON SCOTTISH REGIMENT.


HC Deb 27 November 1914 vol 68 c1511W 1511W

Mr. NIELD asked the Under-Secretary of State for War whether any information has been received as to the whereabouts of Private H. W. J. Bryan, 1330 D Company, and Private S. W. Hewelt, 1310 H Company of the London Scottish Regiment; whether these men or either of them have been wounded; and, if so, when and in what manner; and whether he is aware that all attempts to communicate with them or to ascertain particulars have failed, that telegrams sent to the commanding officer remain unanswered and unacknowledged, and that applications to the War Office by the parents of the men have likewise failed to elicit any information?

Mr. TENNANT The War Office have no information of any casualty to these men and cannot trace that there has been any previous inquiry about them. If there is any ground for supposing that either of them is wounded and the facts are furnished, inquiry will be made at once.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1914/nov/27/london-scottish-regiment
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Paul von Hindenburg's Army Order Following the German Attack on Warsaw, 27 November 1914

Reproduced below is German Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg's Army Order issued on 27 November 1914 in the wake of the German assault upon Warsaw.

Although the German attack was ultimately unsuccessful it did include notable successes along the way (chiefly at Lodz). Hindenburg's triumphant tone is perhaps understandable given that the campaign had brought him a military promotion at the hands of Kaiser Wilhelm II to the rank of Field Marshal.

German Army Order at the Eastern Front, 27 November 1914

In the course of severe fighting lasting several days my troops have brought to a standstill the offensive of a numerically superior Russian army.

[Note: The Army Order reproduces a telegram from the Kaiser, in which the latter, after congratulating the commander on his new success and that of his troops, thanks him for protecting the eastern frontier. The Kaiser adds that he cannot better express his thanks than by promoting the General to the rank of Field Marshal.]

I am proud at having reached the highest military rank at the head of such troops. Your fighting spirit and perseverance have in a marvellous manner inflicted the greatest losses on the enemy.

Over 60,000 prisoners, 150 guns and about 200 machine guns have fallen into our hands, but the enemy is not yet annihilated.

Therefore, forward with God, for King and Fatherland, till the last Russian lies beaten at our feet. Hurrah!

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. III, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/warsaw1914_hindenburgorder.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Vingré - To encourage the others - A story of injustice

Conscription - At the age of twenty Frenchmen were called forward for their period of Military Service. This is an idea stretching back to the days of the Revolution when the defence of the country became a matter not just for the army but for the nation. It was the duty for every able bodied man to defend the motherland - often by attacking somebody else's !

Having served his two years (in 1913 it was increased to three), the soldier passed into the Reserve for eleven years during which time he would be called up so many times a year to continue with his training. At this stage he would be transferred to the Territorial Army for seven years.

Whilst serving as a Reservist and a Territorial the soldier would be called up in case of war. It was only when he had finished his time with the Territorials and had passed into their reserve for yet another seven years that in theory he would only be called up if things were desperate.

As a guide, infantry regiments were made up of three active or two reserve battalions, but the numbering of the battalions was consecutive: 1,2 and 3 plus 4 and 5. A battalion would have been about 800 strong.

One difference between the French system and that of the British is that French Regiments fought as an entire unit, the battalions remaining together. The British fought by battalions with no requirement for the 2nd battalion to be in the same brigade as the 1st.

If you are looking at French infantry regimental numbers they are reasonably easy to distinguish. Simplest of all RIT means a Territorial Unit - Régiment d'Infanterie Territoriale - and thus made up of men who were at least 34 years old.

Those marked RI - Régiment d'Infanterie - form the Active and Reserve regiments. Each Active regiment had a reserve whose number was 200 more than the parent unit.

Thus the 298è RI were the Reserve Regiment for the 98è RI. In essence if you can subtract 200 from the regimental number it is a reserve unit. Of course by the end of the war the distinction between the two classes had become blurred as new conscripts were sent to wherever they were needed most.

The fighting for Vingré : November 1914 - Following the 1st Battle of the Marne in September 1914 the German army was forced to retreat in the prelude to the Race to the Sea. The plateau of Confrécourt dominates the Aisne in this sector and the fighting for a while became quite intense.

It should be remembered that at this stage in the war trenches were extremely rudimentary and were often little more than connected fox holes. The task of digging the line that would soon stretch from the coast to the Swiss border was only just beginning.

One of the French Regiments that had distinguished itself at the Battle of the Marne was the 298è RI, a Reserve Infantry Regiment made up of soldiers from Roanne on the Loire. Storming the German positions they had captured the colours of the German 36th Regiment of Fusiliers. For this feat of arms their own were decorated with the Légion d'honneur at Ambleny on the 11th November 1914. In gaining their battle honours though the regiment had lost more than half its effective strength.

The area around Vingré quietened down but localised sporadic attacks were still the order of the day.

27th November 1914 - On the 27th November the 1st Section of the 19th Company were occupying the front line and were receiving a bombardment which lasted some time. Eventually deciding to pull back they left eight look-outs to watch for any possible enemy encroachment.

At 1700 hours the canon stopped and the German infantry rushed the French trenches quickly capturing the hapless look-outs. Things changed for the worst when the German infantry continued their advance deeper into the French positions and came up against soldiers of the 2nd Section who had no idea that the 1st had already pulled back.

The French withdrew onto their Section position where 2nd Lieutenant Paulaud decided that he risked being outflanked. Paulaud thus gave the order to retire on the support lines where the situation could be re-assessed and a counter-attack organised.

Having carried out those orders the 2nd Section is immediately ordered by their Company Commander: Lieutenant Paupier, to retake the front line, which they do, the Germans having already retired with their prisoners.

In effect, a skirmish where apart from the loss of a couple of men the line remained exactly where it had been at the commencement of the bombardment.

The repercussions - Unfortunately for the soldiers of the 5th and 6th Squads who had been the troops bumped by the German infiltration, the Divisional General saw things differently and condemned the men to 8 Days in the front line for their lack of ardour.

His report was duly passed up the line to General Étienne de Villaret at Corps Headquarters.

The general was a strict disciplinarian and had issued an order on the 20th October 1914 stating that full use should be made of Special Courts Martial. Salutary examples would soon put an end to any lack of enthusiasm.

Villaret was incensed by the lack of moral fibre shown by the two squads and convened a Special Court Martial. The charge was: Abandonment of their posts in the face of the enemy. A charge that carried only one penalty - death.

These Special Courts Martial had been decreed on the 6th September. Three judges, accused caught red-handed, execution - all within 24 hours. In addition, there was no recourse to an appeal against a Special Court Martial.

The soldiers themselves though were confident. It was all being done for show, they had followed their orders, by the end of the action the position had been maintained.

The Court Martial - At 1500 hours on the 3rd December 1914 2nd Lieutenant Bodé of the 18th Company was ordered to represent the accused. He had only just come out of the front line and knew nothing at all about the case in hand.

He was given two hours to speak with the 24 prisoners.

At 1700 hours the Court was convened under the presiding council of the Regimental Commander: Lt Colonel Pinoteau.

For the defence, Bodé pointed out that the suddenness of the Germans' arrival due to the thinly held adjacent positions had forced the men back, but there was no panic within the ranks, they retired in an orderly fashion, sought instructions and acted upon them. Having moved back and reorganised they then acted on further orders to retake their original positions.

For the prosecution, Procureur Lieutenant Achalme rejected the entire defence and insisted on seeking the death penalty for all 24 of the accused. Furthermore, he declared, 2nd Lt Paulaud had in fact ordered the position to be retaken immediately: he had never given the order to retire !

In the face of such a blatant cover up of his own actions by Paulaud, Bodé could only fall back on the excellent conduct of all of those who stood before the court.

The trial finished at 1930 hours.

The 24 accused were told to line up as they would have been in the trench and the six to the right were condemned to death. The decision had been reached the night before and the entire process had been a charade. Villaret wanted them to be made examples of what would happen to all other cowards.

The Victims - The six soldiers who had been chosen all but at random were:

1.Corporal Paul-Henri Floch, aged 33
2.Private Jean Blanchard, aged 35
3.Private Francisque Durantet, aged 36
4.Private Pierre Gay, aged 30
5.Private Claude Pettelet, aged 27
6.Private Jean Quinaud, aged 28



The court decided that as the enemy had come from the right, the panic had started there. Those on the right were the most guilty.

In fact both Floch and Gay had been captured in the initial rush of the position and only managed to escape again during a momentary lapse of concentration by their guards.

As Floch stated in his last letter: I die innocent of the crime of abandoning my post. If instead of escaping from the Germans I had remained a prisoner, my life would have been safe.

Quinaud and Pettelet hadn't even been on the right, but the way they had given their evidence seemed to point that way.

Flawed defence - Apart from the fact that Bodé was not aware of the full facts here was another flaw in the defence; in trying to answer all the questions put to them as fully as possible the soldiers themselves acted in the naive belief that the system would protect them.

As one of those not chosen remarked afterwards. In 1914 they had faith in the system. If the same incident had happened in 1917 the replies to the questions would not have been so obliging to the prosecution.

Execution : 4th December 1914 - The six men spent the night of the 3rd December under guard and were led out the following morning at 0730 hours to six posts, six firing squads, and a waiting battalion, as it was the custom to make sure that everyone else in the condemned soldier's unit - got the message.

On a single order 72 rounds were fired, the six were declared dead and the Battalion was paraded past the corpses to the sound of bugles.

Following the execution 2nd Lt Paulaud told his orderly that Innocent men had just died.

The aftermath - In 1919 a number of movements including those of the Veterans Associations started demanding the rehabilitation of numerous victims of firing squads.

It should be realised that without an honourable death and the mention: Mort pour la France, the widow of a dead soldier received nothing. If the death had been by execution then the family also had to suffer the humiliation of being shunned by the community. Mme Floch found herself being refused service in shops. The children of the executed were taunted at school often to the point of their having to be withdrawn from classes. Other family members could find it hard to get work, being connected to cowards who had deserved to be shot.

In the case of the Vingré six the Court of Appeal (Cour de Cassation) met on the 29th January 1921. A number of points were put forward by the families through their representatives.

•There had been no panic in the 2nd Section, they had followed the orders of their leader: 2nd Lt Paulaud
•The withdrawl had been inevitable given the situation
•Paulaud had lied to the investigators
•The decision to shoot six men had been taken before the case had even been heard

The decision of the court was that the men should be reinstated and on the 4th February were classified as: Morts pour la France. They were all granted the Médaille Militaire and the Croix de Guerre posthumously. The widows would benefit from the war pensions which would be back dated.

This was all very fine but there was a feeling that justice would not have been done until those responsible had themselves been brought to justice.

Paulaud was almost certainly the only officer ever brought up before a Court Martial for an act in connection with a dubious trial. He was charged with perjury and to the amazement of the families, was acquitted.

http://www.webmatters.net/france/ww1_soissons_vingre.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Moritz von Bissing



Von Bissing wordt op 27 november 1914 na een lange militaire carrière benoemd tot Gouverneur-generaal van België. Hij beschikt over bijna onbeperkte volmachten en is alleen verantwoording verschuldigd aan de keizer. Met name inzake de Flamenpolitik kan de regering in Berlijn hem geen bevelen geven, maar slechts voorstellen doen.

http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?p=233299&sid=ef1aa1220b46a02e4cc4a1078495f93f
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Deze wil ik toch niemand onthouden...

27 November 1914 → Commons Sitting

ROYAL FLEET NAVAL RESERVE (MOUSTACHES).


HC Deb 27 November 1914 vol 68 cc1488-9 1489

Mr. WILLIAM THORNE asked the First Lord of the Admiralty, if it has been the custom to allow the men serving in the Royal Fleet Naval Reserve to wear a moustache; if he is aware that an order has just been given out that those men must shave off their moustaches; and if he intends taking any action in the matter?

Dr. MACNAMARA The wearing of a moustache only is forbidden by the King's Regulations, but this is not usually enforced in the case of Reserve men during peace. On being "called out" they become a part of the Navy proper, and as such would be expected to conform to the Regulations of the Service. If the men objected to shaving their moustaches, they are at liberty to discontinue the use of the razor altogether.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1914/nov/27/royal-fleet-naval-reserve-moustaches
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Events of the Gallipoli Campaign

27 November 1915 - On 27 and 28 November, severe rain and thunderstorms, which turned into blizzards, hit Gallipoli. More than 280 men died and there were 16,000 cases of frostbite and exposure.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/november-december-1915.html

27 November 1915 - Fierce storm & blizzard, lasting three days, strikes the Gallipoli peninsula.

http://www.ataturktoday.com/1915GallipoliCanakkale.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 21:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

James Connolly: “Enlist or Starve”
Workers’ Republic, 27 November 1915.

The above seem to represent the attitude of the ruling class to the people of Ireland at present. They represent the dilemma in which the worker finds himself who tries to act up to the dictates of his conscience. The employer whom an absurd social system makes the arbiter of his means of living tells him that he must go and enlist, even should his whole soul cry out in revolt against the degradation of fighting for his own and his country’s enemies. That if he does not go he will be thrown on the streets in idleness, and that every other employer will refuse to give him work. That he must enlist or starve.

A meeting of Dublin employers was held on Tuesday in the Mansion House under the chairmanship of the Lord Mayor, and at the direct command of the Lord Lieutenant who attended in person. Before attending each employer received a circular marked ‘private and confidential’ asking him to bring to the meeting a full list of all his employees of military age who could be dispensed with, or replaced by older men, boys, or women.

All the employers who locked out their workers in 1913 were there in person or through their representatives. Mr Wm. Martin Murphy, ever prominent in anything that savours of an attack upon popular rights, sent a letter promising his hearty co-operation, and the secretary of the Dublin Employers Association was prominent and zealous in the evil work.

All these employers pointed out to each other in their private conversations that every active trade unionist, or other person of independent mind, could be put first upon the list of eligible men, and that all blacklegs, pimps, and toadies could be certified as ‘indispensable’, and the military would do the rest. Thus trade unionism could be destroyed by sacrificing the trade unionist to the military press gang now being organised.

Thus all the plans are being laid for a wholesale, well organised, and persistent victimisation of the working class. Every man of military age is to be given the choice of slaughter abroad or starvation at home. The Employers are planning well. Their father in Hell could not have done it better.

Behind this terrible conspiracy against the lives of the poor there looms up also the spectre of conscription – a conspiracy against the life and honour of the nation. Lord Derby [1] and his associates have told us that if by such means as the foregoing they do not get enough recruits before November 30th all the unmarried men will be compelled to serve. When the unmarried men are exhausted, that is to say when they are all killed or wounded, the married men will be seized and sent out as food for cannon.

The carrying out of this plan means the end of the historic Irish nation.

The peaceful carrying out of it means that the Irish Nation will end in dishonour.

Will it so end? Could anything be worse than such an end?

Mr Redmond and his supporters tell us that it is useless to struggle against the Empire, that we should devote all our powers to the task of pleasing the Government by services to the Empire. That we might win by favours what we cannot gain by struggling, and that the sole hope of Ireland is to win reward by giving pleasure.

It is a prostitute’s argument. The argument of the street walker who sneers at the poverty of her honest and virtuous sister, and flaunts her jewels as a proof that the ways of sin are more profitable than the paths of virtue.

And yet this argument that Ireland as a nation should seek to win her nationhood by advertising her prostitution – that is the last word in the statesmanship of the Home Rule party and its leaders.

Was ever nation so beset by its enemies? Was ever nation so betrayed by its friends?

Comrades! Scripture tells us that the fool hath his eyes on the ends of the earth. Are all our leaders fools? Do none of them turn their eyes from the red glare of battle abroad to note the swift poisoning of the race at home, encouraged by enemies sleepless in their hatred?

Dark clouds hover over us. Is there a light beyond these clouds?

Who can tell?

Note
1. Secretary of State for War.


http://marxistsfr.org/archive/connolly/1915/11/enlist.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Western Desert / Agagia Campaign - The Middle East - WWI

The Queen's Own Dorset Yeomen had been withdrawn from Gallipoli to Murdros to rest and refit, numbering just sixty-five men, under command of a Lieutenant. Here ten officers and fifty-seven men joined the Regiment but the decision had already been taken to withdraw the force from the Gallipoli Peninsular. Consequently, the Yeoman embarked on HMS Hannibal on 27th November 1915 arriving at the Egyptian port of Alexandria before entraining for Cairo. Here they joined the rear party of forty-two men that by now principally consisted of sick or convalescing men but a draft of 11 officers and 133 men brought the QODY up to a descent strength, under Temporary Lieutenant Colonel Godden. Another draft of twenty-five men joined the Regiment and at the same time, the Dorset Yeomen took over 114 troop horses from the Bucks Yeomanry, thus resuming their mounted status.


A QODY Patrol in the Western Desert: Captain Livingstone-Learmouth leads his yeomen in one of the cavalry's traditional roles - locating the enemy and protecting the column's flanks.

http://www.keepmilitarymuseum.org/middleeast/agagia.php
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XLIII, Issue 14157, 27 November 1916





http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=PBH19161127.2.9.39
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

ASN Aircraft accident 27-NOV-1916 Zeppelin LZ.78 L.34

Date: 27-NOV-1916
Time: 2340hrs
Type: Zeppelin LZ.78
Operator: Heer
Registration: L.34
C/n / msn: LZ78
Fatalities: Fatalities: 19 / Occupants: 19
Airplane damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location: Hartlepool - United Kingdom
Phase: Manoeuvring (airshow, firefighting, ag.ops.)
Nature: Military
Narrative: Kapitanleutnant Max Konrad Dietrich and all his crew killed. The airship was shot down by 2nd Lt Ian Vernon Jeffrey Pyott DSO of 36 Sqn Seaton Carew flying B.E.2c 2783. The L34 was on only its second raid when it was destroyed and was one of the new R Class super Zeppelins. Airship crashed in flames into the sea in Tees Bay off Hartlepool 2340hrs. Max Dietrich was the uncle of the Hollywood star Marlene Dietrich

http://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=883
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

No. 9r



HMA No. 9r was a rigid airship designed and built by Vickers Ltd at Walney Island just off Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria. First flying on 27 November 1916, it was the first successful British 'rigid' design, and it provided many hours of valuable training and experimental data for British airship crews and designers. (...)

On 16 November 1916, No. 9r left her shed and was moored outside for final shakedown and checking of the fittings and engines, with the first test flight taking place on 27 November 1916. This was the first time a British rigid airship had taken flight; however, it turned out that she was unable to lift her contract weight of 3.1 tons (2.8 tonnes). Consequently she was lightened by the removal of both rear engines (...)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No._9r
Zie ook http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/coming%20of%20age/HMA%209.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Charlie's War: The Diary and Letters of a Canadian Corporal
By Alex Francis, 2010-10-15

Canadian-born Charlie Ross Francis joined up in 1915, aged 26. His diary and letters home are testimony to his dutiful service in World War One, but was his experience as a corporal in an Empire force any different to that of a British officer? Alex Francis tells his grandfather's story.



27 November 1916 (diary): 'This evening was the most exciting of any since I came over... we were told that a mine on our left would be set off that night. Presently on the given time... we heard a dull thud, felt the ground shake, and with a noise more like a hiss than anything, a great sheet of white flame poured towards the sky, accompanied by smoke and great volumes of earth which seemed to rise 300 feet [about 90 metres] in the air. It lasted only a few seconds, but before it subsided our batteries opened up in all force. The noise was awful, nothing seemed coherent, it seemed to me our heavy and light artillery, trench mortars, stokes guns and machine guns made a ceiling of rushing steel above our heads. Flares of all sorts were thrown up, making with the various explosions a strange and weird light.

'The enemy did not return fire for some minutes, but when they did the tumult increased and above all could be heard the crash of the explosions of their 'Minnies'. They somehow got a direct hit on one of our explosive dumps which exploded with a detonation louder than anything I ever heard. It seemed to rock the very earth and we thought that Fritz had set off a counter-mine almost under us. Debris of all kinds fell about us and on us, but none near me was hit, tho' when Mr Mitchell, our acting OC was killed, he was just up the trench a short piece. The bombardment lasted about 40 minutes and ceased and things resumed the semi-activity of previous nights.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/charlie_war_diary_01.shtml
Zie ook http://www.kingandempire.com/francis1.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John Harold Rhodes



John Harold Rhodes VC DCM & Bar (17 May 1891 – 27 November 1917) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Rhodes was born in Packmore, Stoke On Trent, Staffordshire, son of ex-soldier and miner Ernie Rhodes. He was educated in Newchapel and later became a miner at the Chatterly Whitfield Colliery. Around 1910, however, he joined the Grenadier Guards and served for three years, after which he returned to the colliery. On the outbreak of World War I John was recalled to the forces as a reservist. Now 26 years old, and a Lance-Sergeant in the 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards, British Army during the First World War John won the Distinguished Conduct Medal on 17th May 1915 and three months later was awarded a bar to this medal. While back in England recovering from his wounds, John married but was not destined to live to see the resulting child.

Back on the front-line, the following deed took place at the Battle of Poelcapelle for which John was awarded the VC and also the Croix De Guerre:

No. 15122 L./Sjt. John Harold Rhodes, G.Gds. (Tunstall, Staffs.).

For most conspicuous bravery when in charge of a Lewis gun section covering the consolidation of the right front company. He accounted for several enemy with hisrifle as well as by Lewis gun fire, and, upon seeing three enemy leave a "pill-box", he went out single-handed through our own barrage and hostile machine-gun fire, and effected an entry into the "pill-box". He there captured nine enemy, including a forward observation officer connected by telephone with his battery. These prisoners he brought back with him, together with valuable information.


He was killed in action, Fontaine Notre Dame, France, on 27 November 1917 and buried at Rocquigny-Equancourt Road British Cemetery, Manancourt.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at The Guards Regimental Headquarters (Grenadier Guards RHQ) in London, England.

A memorial plaque was unveiled at Chatterley Whitfield Mining Museum on 20th April 1984.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Harold_Rhodes
Foto's van Rhodes: http://mytunstall.co.uk/forum/10/09/john-harold-rhodes-local-history
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Cambrai 1917 - 27th November 1917 - The last Effort

Insisting that Bourlon be taken and forever worrying that the enemy were on the point of collapse Haig told Byng to take over personal control of the battle. On the 26th the artillery began pounding the German lines in preparation for an assault by the Guards Division against Fontaine and the 62nd Division against Bourlon.

At 0620 hours the following morning 2nd Guards Brigade advanced. 3rd Grenadiers up the main road, 1st Coldstreams in the centre and 2nd Irish between the village and Bourlon Wood.

Initially going forward without the tanks they were soon overtaken by the machines. The Guards suffered enormous losses as they advanced against enfilading fire from La Folie wood and became embroiled in house to house fighting.

The situation was intolerable and by 1300 hours it was over. Despite great courage and tenacity the Guardsmen had been overwhelmed by an entrenched enemy in superior numbers.

It was much the same story for the 62nd Division. Major General Bradford VC was ordered to take his 186th Brigade into the wood and clear the remaining Germans out of the northern sector. His men from the Duke of Wellington's Regiment pushed on through the wood and reached the village on the far side but it was impossible to advance further in the face of German artillery fire.

Against Bourlon village 2/5th York and Lancaster and 2/5th Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry were supported by eleven tanks from F Battalion.

They managed to get into the village only to find that it had escaped great damage from the bombardment and the German defenders had taken the time to barricade every street and alleyway. To deal with the tanks the Germans had hidden field artillery pieces within the village.

Only five of the tanks returned when after two hours of fighting the attack was called off.

The British had worn themselves out. The line was not going to be broken and swept away and Haig had not had the victory that would have redeemed himself in the eyes of the politicians back home. Italy was still clamouring for aid, Divisions would have to be sacrificed on the Western Front to rescue them.

Haig gave the instructions that the line should be consolidated: they would dig in.

http://www.webmatters.net/france/ww1_cambrai_btl_09.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Essex Police Memorial Trust web site

Stapleton Hollett served with the Essex County Constabulary from April 15, 1913 until 5th August 1914 when he was recalled to the Grenadier Guards on the outbreak of war, serving initially with the 2nd Battalion. He was killed in action on Tuesday 27 November 1917 at the age of 27 while serving in the 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards.

http://www.essex.police.uk/memorial/index.htm

Stapleton Hollett - Essex County Constabulary.

Served from 15th April 1913. Killed 27th November 1917.

Named after his blacksmith father, Stapleton Hollett was born in Ash, Kent, to Alice Hollett. She was widowed in 1919, at which time she was living at Elm Tree Cottage in Melliker Road, Hook Green, Kent.

He served with the Essex Constabulary at Harwich from 15th April 1913 until 5th August 1914 when he was recalled to the Grenadier Guards on the outbreak of war, serving initially with the 2nd Battalion. He wrote to a colleague back in Harwich, in a letter published by the Essex County Chronicle (5 February 1915):

“We are having the weather a bit better out here lately, and all the boys are in the best of spirits. We have four in my Company who have won the DCM. Our Regiment has done some splendid work. If you know one or two who want to get an honourable name tell them to join the Guards, they will never regret it…I’ve seen some horrible sights and one day I hope to be able to tell you some of my experiences.”

Stapleton Hollett, who was unmarried, was killed in action on Tuesday 27 November 1917 at the age of 27 while serving in the 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards as Sergeant 14729. He has no known grave and is commemorated on panel 2 of the Cambrai Memorial near Louveral in Nord, France.

Police Constable 177. Serial Number 2784.

http://www.essex.police.uk/memorial/ww1_hol.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A German blockhouse or pillbox destroyed in an explosion of a mine near Mesen (Messines), 27 November 1917.



http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/messines/pillboxes-at-messines.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Titles Deprivation Act 1917

The Titles Deprivation Act 1917 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom according to which enemies of the United Kingdom during the First World War could be deprived of their peerage and royal titles. Its long title was An Act to deprive Enemy Peers and Princes of British Dignities and Titles. It received royal assent on 8 November 1917. (...)

The First World War broke out following the assassination of the heir presumptive to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, by a Serbian nationalist in June 1914. The United Kingdom entered the war against Germany and its allies in August.

The British Royal Family was closely related to its German enemies. Queen Victoria married the German Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, whose German titles passed eventually to the descendants of their youngest son Leopold, Duke of Albany. Victoria's eldest daughter, also named Victoria, married Frederick III, German Emperor. Thus George V was a first cousin of William II, German Emperor and of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. A more distant relative was Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, who was descended in the male line from George III and thus was a Prince of Great Britain & Ireland.

Many members of the German royal families enjoyed British royal or noble titles leading to a call for the deprivation of their titles. In 1915, several Knights of the Most Noble Order of the Garter were struck off the Rolls of the Order; but peerage titles cannot be withdrawn except by Act of Parliament. In 1917, therefore, the Parliament passed the Titles Deprivation Act authorising the deprivation of peerage titles, as well as princely dignities.

The Act allowed the King to establish a committee of the Privy Council, which was to include at least two members of the Judicial Committee. The committee was empowered to take evidence and report the names of British peers or princes who served in an enemy military force, or rendered assistance to or voluntarily resided in an enemy nation. The report would then be laid before both Houses of Parliament; if neither House passed a motion disapproving of the report within forty days, it was to be submitted to the King, whereupon the persons named therein would lose all British dignities.

Thereafter, a successor of a person thus deprived of a peerage is allowed to petition the Crown for restoration thereof; the petition is to be referred to a committee of the Privy Council, which may recommend whether the petitioner be reinstated or not.

Under the Act, the King appointed to the committee:

The Lord Finlay (Lord Chancellor)
The Viscount Sandhurst (Lord Chamberlain of the Household)
The Marquess of Lansdowne
The Marquess of Crewe
The Lord Newton
The Lord Stamfordham (Private Secretary to the Sovereign)
The Lord Sumner (a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary)


The committee was established by an Order in Council issued by the King on 27 November 1917.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titles_Deprivation_Act_1917
Zie ook http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1917/47/pdfs/ukpga_19170047_en.pdf
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This Week In Airpower History

Tuesday, November 27, 1917 -- Brig. Gen. Benjamin D. Foulois takes over as Chief of the Air Service for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), replacing Brig. Gen. William L. Kenly.

http://www.afa.org/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

USS Ticonderoga (ID # 1958), 1918-1918.


At Boston, Massachusetts, 27 November 1917

Built in 1914 as the German flag merchant steamer Kamilla Rickmers, and seized when the United States entered World War I, this ship was renamed Ticonderoga in August 1917. She was placed in commission as USS Ticonderoga (ID # 1958) on 5 January 1918, and sunk, with the loss of 213 lives, by the German submarine U-152 on 30 September 1918.

http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-t/id1958.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Private George Woodcroft - 20028 'B' Company 1st/4th Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment

Son of Mrs Emily Woodcroft
Aged 19 years
Died 27th November 1917
Commemorated at Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel.
Grave C.36.

The Rushden Echo Friday 21 December 1917 - A Rushden Soldier Family - A South Africa War Veteran's Bereavement - Pte G Woodcroft Killed in Egypt

We are sorry to learn that Mrs H Woodcraft, of 102 High street south, Rushden, has received official news of the death in action in Egypt on November 27th of her youngest son, Pte George Woodcroft, of the Northants Regiment, at the age of 19 years.

The deceased soldier, who joined up at the age of 16 years, only went to Egypt in August last. He was formerly employed by Messrs. Robinson Bros, boot manufacturers, Rushden, and he was also a member of the Rushden Boy Scouts.

Mrs Woodcroft has another soldier son, viz., Corpl T J Woodcroft, of the Argyl and Sutherland Highlanders, who contracted sand-fly fever in Egypt, and who has been in hospital at Alexandria. He is now better and has rejoined his battalion.

The father, who is also an ex-solder, is one of the original Expeditionary Force, was wounded at the battle of Mons. He also fought in the South Africa war.

Kettering Leader, 28th December 1917 - A Rushden Soldier Family

Mrs. H. Woodcroft, of 102, High-street South, Rushden, has received the sad news, officially, of the death of her youngest son, Pte. George Woodcroft, of the Northants Regiment. The deceased joined up at 16 years of age, and went to Egypt in August last. He was only 19 years of age, and was formerly a Boy Scout. The father is one of the original Expeditionary Force, and also served in South Africa. He was wounded at Mons.

http://www.rushdenheritage.co.uk/war/memorial%20men/woodcroftG1917.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 22:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Soldier's Dream

From Scarborough, Wilfred Owen wrote to Siegfried Sassoon on 27th November 1917, "I trust you'll like SOLDIER'S DREAM well enough to pass it on to the NATION or Cambridge." He'd left Craiglockhart at the end of October and it's likely that this particular poem was the last to emanate from the place that had changed his life.

"I dreamed….." it opens. Twice before, at Craiglockhart, Owen had elegised his dreams.

http://www.wilfredowen.org.uk/poetry/soldier-s-dream
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Riigi Teataja


Cover of Riigi Teataja Nr.1, 27. November 1918

Riigi Teataja (State Gazette) is a public journal of the Republic of Estonia. The first issue was published in 27 November 1918.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riigi_Teataja
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Black November

The statement in the new book West that Waikumete Cemetery is "home to a mass grave filled with most of the 1128 Aucklanders who died in the influenza epidemic of 1918” still had me going this past week. Such a statement is contradicted not only by Geoffrey W. Rice in his extremely good reference on the 1918 influenza pandemic in New Zealand, Black November, 1988, reprinted 2005 (with a specific chapter on the effect in Auckland) – but even in the conservation plan for Waikumete Cemetery produced for the Waitakere City Council itself (the local body that backed the West book):

“In 1918-1919 following the end of the First World War, there was a catastrophic outbreak of Spanish pneumonic influenza that caused a large number of burials in a short period of time. In the autumn of 1918 the disease spread quickly from country to country, resulting in a heavy death toll … The railway line to Waikumete station played an important role in transporting the dead, particularly when the number of deaths reached its peak in the third and fourth weeks of November 1918. Auckland recorded the nation’s highest death toll of 1,680. From 1-26 November there were 469 interments at Waikumete.”

Even that history isn’t completely correct. The figure of 469 interments was taken from the report by Auckland’s City Engineer to the Mayor of Auckland on 27 November 1918. Rice amends that to 444 burials at Waikumete related to the influenza outbreak (as there were, of course, burials resulting from other causes during that period), and puts the total Auckland influenza toll at 1128, agreeing with Matthew Gray. Still, 444 burials out of 1128 deaths still doesn’t mean that Waikumete Cemetery is where “most” of those who died were buried. Just over a third, yes.

Lees verder op http://timespanner.blogspot.com/2009/07/black-november.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Army Veterinary Corps (AVC)

•Between August and December 1914, 90 of our 230 employees had joined the British Army.

•Some were enlisted into the Army Veterinary Corps (AVC) which, when war broke out, consisted of only 109 officers, all veterinary surgeons, and 322 other ranks.

•We immediately helped the AVC by sending two horse ambulances, sheepskins, waterproof rugs and 50,000 books on lameness and first aid.

•We began to train 200 men, excluding our own inspectors, for enlistment in the AVC.

•By 1915, over 50 per cent of RSPCA inspectors and other staff were serving with the armed forces.

•By the end of the First World War, the AVC had grown to 1,300 officers and 33,000 other ranks.

•Of the 2.5 million injured animals admitted to the AVC during this war, 80 per cent were treated and returned to duty, and on 27 November 1918 the AVC received Royal patronage for its outstanding contribution to animal welfare, becoming the RAVC as it is known today.

http://www.rspca.org.uk/in-action/aboutus/heritage/animalsinwar/details/-/article/EM_Animals_in_war_First_World_War
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Private Berty Tucker 2/8th Worcestershire Regiment killed at a POW Camp

Corporal Golding of the 8th Battalion Leicestershire Regiment describes the conditions at Langensalza POW camp and the killing of Private Berty Tucker of the 2/8th Worcestershire Regiment by the camp guards on the 27th November 1918.

Private Berty Tucker (49594) 2/8th Worcestershire Regiment - POW Killed 1918

The following account by Corporal Golding (235590) of the 8th Battalion Leicestershire Regiment describes the conditions at Langensalza POW camp and the killing of Private Berty Tucker of the 2/8th Worcestershire Regiment by the camp guards on the 27th November 1918.

I was captured on 28th May 1918 with about 40 other men of my regiment, the rest of my battalion having been taken prisoners on the day previous.

We were sent with a party of about 1000 prisoners made up at Amifontaine and Hirson to Langensalza, where we arrived nine days after our capture—on June 6th.

We were first of all put into an isolation camp, but the accommodation was abominable. One thousand men were quartered .in three overcrowded barrack huts, and we suffered great discomfort. After a fortnight they moved us into the main camp, where I remained during the whole time of my captivity.

Towards the end of July I was put on the British Help Committee, The principal part of my duties was clerical work, such as writing letters, making lists, etc.

Captain Alexander was commandant at Langensalza when I arrived, and he continued to be in office until November 9th, when he was removed by the Soldiers' Council, and Sergeant-major Koch, who up to this time had been a Feldwebel, was elected commandant of the "troops" in his place. After the armistice was declared we never heard of Captain Alexander again or of General Scholtz, the general of the camp.

Whilst I was at Langensalza Captain Alexander was very strict indeed. We had been told that he was well disposed towards the British prisoners, but he allowed no indulgence or privileges of any sort to the British N.C.O.'s. In my opinion, he could have done a good deal to improve the conditions of the camp, and particularly the sanitation, which was very bad indeed. Had he wished to do so, I think also that he might have done something to relieve the British prisoners who came into Langensalza from working behind the lines. These men were in a terrible state of emaciation, without clothing, when the Help Committee were able to give them food, and although they nearly all went to hospital, the only medical comforts and food they got came from the Help Committee.

The day after the armistice was declared, Captain von Marschall arrived in the camp. He was called the commanding officer of the camp, but he seemed to have no authority at all, and every order he signed had to be counter-signed by Feldwebel Koch, the elected commandant of the camp. Feldwebel Koch seemed to be supreme, and if ever any information was required as to transport and repatriation by the prisoners, they were always referred to him. Before his election Feldwebel Koch was in charge, of a company of French prisoners, but I do not think he had been Feldwebel very long, and we were told that he had come back from the front quite recently. Koch could not speak English, and he seemed to have very little authority over his subordinates.

All arrangements for transport and repatriation were left to the bureau of the British company, which was responsible for making out all lists, etc. The bureau was in charge of Feldwebel Rost and a couple of German clerks, but after the armistice he was replaced by Sergeant Ludwig, a man who was civil to the prisoners, but quite unable to do the work of the bureau, so everything had to be left to the British N.C.O.'s.

Feldwebel Rost was specially hard and brutal in his treatment of prisoners. In July 1918 I witnessed the following incident.

The prisoners were on parade, and many of them, being cripples, had difficulty in moving out of the huts. Rost rushed into the barrack, and, without giving the maimed men the time to get out, he caught hold of a private who was very badly wounded in the abdomen, and had to walk with a slick, by the back of the neck and threw him violently down the steps. This is only one of the many instances of his bullying; he was also responsible for sending many men to the salt mines who were quite unfit to go there. The full name of this man is Feldwebel Rost, 6th Company; he lived at Jena, and his occupation is students' servant.

Shooting at. Langensalza.—On November 27th, at 1 p.m. we had just finished our dinner in the British Help Committee hut, and we heard an unusual bugle-call. Three of us went out. The hut was situated about 15 yards from the sentry box at the gate, which led to the tailors' and bootmakers' shops, and was about 30 yards from the theatre. The theatre contained dressing rooms, which had been put up by the prisoners, one for each nationality. At this time these dressing-rooms were being pulled down and prisoners used the woodwork for fuel. When I came out from the Help Committee hut I saw that the theatre was surrounded by a group of about 20 or 30 of different nationalities. There was no disturbance or riot of any kind, and the prisoners were only going in and out of the theatre carrying pieces of wood from their respective dressing rooms.

After the bugle call about 30 soldiers, with an under-officer in charge, named Krause, came out of the Landsturm barrack, which was situated some 40 yards from the Help Committee hut and about 40 yards from the theatre. The soldiers surrounded the British Help Committee hut and the theatre in extended order. I was standing near the gate, about 6 yards away from the under-officer. He said to me in broken English, “What are you making trouble for?" I replied "There is no trouble at all." and I asked him why the soldiers were surrounding the theatre and our hut, but he made no answer. I remained where I was between the committee hut and the gate, and after an interval of three minutes I heard him give the order to fire. I am quite certain that he gave the order to fire, for I had often heard it given before when at the front. There must have been 15 to 20 prisoners standing outside the hut, and I should say about 30 others round the theatre. When the order to fire was given, I tried to get into the committee hut, but the door was so crowded by others endeavouring to do the same that I could not get in. At least 15 shots were fired in the direction of the committee hut, with the result that Private Tucker, Worcester Regiment, who was standing 8 or 9 yards from me, was killed instantly, receiving three bullets; Private Morey, East Yorks, standing 10 yards from the hut, was also killed, being shot in the head. Corporal Elrod, 6th Northumberland Fusiliers, must have been 60 yards away from the theatre, near the football ground; he was hit by a bullet in the spine, from the effects of which he died eight hours afterwards. Two of the men who were trying to get through the door of the hut were wounded—Private F. Johnson, 4th Bedfordshire Regiment, and Private Haig, West Yorks—and there were three bullet marks in the committee hut door. Private Johnson told me that when the firing commenced he threw himself flat on the ground, and that when he tried to crawl into the hut he was fired at again by the soldiers.

When the firing was over, the under-officer (Krause) Approached Private Haig, who was lying on the ground, and said to him, “Why did you not get out of the way when I told you to go?" Haig said, in reply, that Krause had never told him to do so.

Shortly afterwards Company Sergeant-major Thomas, Somerset Light Infantry, Sergeant. Major R. S. Finch, Northumberland Fusiliers, and I, went to the kommandantur, where we found Captain von Marschall. We asked him if he was responsible for the firing which had taken place. He said no, because he was away from the camp at the time. He was asked from whom the prisoners could obtain satisfaction, and he referred us to the officer of justice, Feldwebel Lieutenant. This officer typed down my evidence, which was interpreted by Dolmetscher Weither. Some days later I gave the same evidence to a judge, a civilian, who examined me, and again a few days after a major from the War Office took my evidence. I asked this officer to forward it to England, and he said that the evidence would go there through one of the ambassadors.

The under-officer Krause gave his evidence at the same time, and he denied that he had ever given the order to fire, but I am quite certain that I heard him give this order.

About a week after the occurrence I saw Krause in Langensalza Camp at liberty and in civilian clothes. I heard that he had obtained his discharge and was living in lodgings in Langensalza.

After the armistice we were allowed to go in and out of the camp, and I left on 12th January 1919.

Examiner’s Note
Corporal Golding, who is a very intelligent witness, has made a rough sketch of the part of the camp where the shooting occurrence took place, which shows the positions of the soldiers, the position of the under-officer, and the spots where Private Tucker, Private Morey. Corporal Elrod were killed and Privates Haig and Johnson were wounded. He seems to be very positive that Under-officer Krause gave the order to fire.

3rd February 1919


NOTES - Explanation about Fedwebel
Feldwebel gained its widest usage under the German military beginning from the early 19th century. The highest ranking Non-Commissioned Officer until 1918, the Feldwebel acted as Company Sergeant Major or Regimental Sergeant Major.
From 1877 veteran NCO’s could be promoted to the rank of Feldwebel-Leutnant. This Army Reserve Officer ranked with the Commissioned Officers, but was always inferior to the youngest Second Lieutenant.
Since 1887 the Offizierstellvertreter (Deputy Officer) ranked as kind of Warrant Officer First Class (more NCO than Officer) between Feldwebel and the Commissioned Officers.
There were three further NCO-ranks: Vizefeldwebel (Vice Feldwebel, Senior NCO), Sergeant (Junior NCO) and Unteroffizier (Lance Sergeant or Corporal, Junior NCO). The Gefreiter was not an NCO as he had no powers of authority, and was a higher grade of private soldier.


http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/pow_stories & http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/pow_tucker
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Treaty of Peace Between the Allied and Associated Powers and Bulgaria, and Protocol and Declaration signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine, 27 November 1919



Lees verder op http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Treaty_of_Neuilly & http://www.archives.government.bg/index.php?lang=en&page=40
Zie ook http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Neuilly-sur-Seine
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 26 Nov 2010 23:21, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

DEDICATION OF COLDRIDGE WAR MEMORIAL - 27 NOVEMBER 1919


The Memorial clock in Coldridge Church tower
This clock is clearly visible from all parts of the village


From The Western Times, Friday 28th November 1919

COLDRIDGE MEMORIAL
TO THE MEN WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES IN THE WAR
UNVEILED BY MRS. LAMBERT

"In Coldridge Parish Church yesterday afternoon a special Memorial Service was held for the dedication of a clock and tablet in remembrance of those brave men of the parish who gave their lives in the war. The unveiling of a tablet bearing the names of the men, and the setting of the clock in motion were performed by Mrs. Lambert, who was accompanied by her husband, the Right Hon. George Lambert M.P. for the South Molton Division. The ceremony was performed in the presence of a large congregation, including all classes and sections of the community.

The memorial is a worthy one, and redounds to the credit of the parish. It has been raised at a cost of between £260 and £270, practically the whole of which had been contributed previous to yesterday. The clock, which is placed in the tower, was supplied and fixed in position by a well-known Croydon firm. It has a double dial, one facing south and the other west, each dial having a diameter of 6ft. The brass tablet, placed inside the church, has the following inscription:

1919. Peace Memorial
The clock in the church tower was erected by the present and former parishioners of Coldridge to commemorate those who, counting not their lives dear unto them, died for their country in the Great War, 1914 - 1919


Then follow the names of those who made the great sacrifice:

Private George Parker, 11th Devons
Corporal Herbert Richards 3rd Devons
Private Sam Sloman (Phillips), Australian Imperial Force
Stoker John Vernon, HMS Indefatigable
Private Ernest George Waldron, 5th Dorsets
Private John Kelland Webber, 3rd Devons

Four of these men were members of the church band of ringers.

http://www.devonheritage.org/Places/Coldridge/DedicationofColdridgeWarMemorial1919.htm
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 15276
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Nov 2010 23:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SCHNURR CORKSCREW

Marked : SCHNURR Bte S.G.D.G
Patented by Paul SCHNURR, the 27 november 1919



http://www.auction.icca-corkscrew.com/detail.asp?id=4958&bigpic=0#img
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Berichten van afgelopen:   
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Tijden zijn in GMT + 1 uur
Pagina 1 van 1

 
Ga naar:  
Je mag geen nieuwe onderwerpen plaatsen
Je mag geen reacties plaatsen
Je mag je berichten niet bewerken
Je mag je berichten niet verwijderen
Ja mag niet stemmen in polls


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group