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War Graves Photographic Project

 
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Yvonne
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2010 17:40    Onderwerp: War Graves Photographic Project Reageer met quote

War Graves Photographic Project

Welcome to The War Graves Photographic Project

The aim of The War Graves Photographic Project is to photograph every war grave, individual memorial, MoD grave, and family memorial of serving military personnel from WWI to the present day and make these available within a searchable database.

Now working as a joint venture with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, this will enable families, scholars and researchers to obtain, via the CWGC or TWGPP websites, a copy of the photograph of a grave or memorial which for many is impossible to visit due to the location.


This service has only been made possible through the efforts of a dedicated group of volunteers, from all walks of life, who feel the need to Remember those who made the ultimate sacrifice and who realise the importance for families to see where their loved ones are laid to rest or commemorated. This emulates the CWGC ethos to 'Remember in Perpetuity'

This project aims to photograph in excess of 1.75 million graves or memorials from Commonwealth Nations and many from other military forces around the world.

Zie verder:
http://twgpp.org/
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Yvonne
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mrt 2010 13:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maar wie en wat is dan eigenlijk die Commonwealth War Graves Commission?

Artikeltje gevonden:

Established by Royal Charter in 1917, the Commonwealth War Graves Commission pays tribute to the 1,700,000 men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died in the two world wars. It is a non-profit-making organisation that was founded by Sir Fabian Ware.

The Commission's principles

Each of the dead should be commemorated by name on the headstone or memorial

Headstones and memorials should be permanent

Headstones should be uniform

There should be no distinction made on account of military or civil rank, race or creed


Since its inception, the Commission has constructed 2,500 war cemeteries and plots, erecting headstones over graves and, in instances where the remains are missing, inscribing the names of the dead on permanent memorials. Over one million casualties are now commemorated at military and civil sites in some 150 countries.

History


1.7 million casualties, 23,000 sites, 150 countries, and just one man who started it all Ė Sir Fabian Ware.

From small beginnings Fabian Ware
When Europe stumbled into war in 1914, Ware, at 45, was too old to join the army. Instead, he became the commander of a mobile unit of the British Red Cross.

Saddened by the sheer scale of loss, Ware felt compelled to establish a system to ensure the final resting places of casualties would not be lost forever. Under his dynamic leadership, the mobile unit began recording and caring for all the graves they could find. By 1915, their work was given official recognition by the War Office. Relieved of their Red Cross duties, Wareís unit was incorporated into the British Army as the Graves Registration Commission.

Official recognition
As the war progressed, Ware was anxious that the spirit of Imperial cooperation evident in the war itself was reflected in the work of his organisation. Working with the Prince of Wales, he submitted a memorandum to the Imperial War Conference. In May 1917, the Imperial War Graves Commission was established by Royal Charter, with the Prince serving as President and Ware as Vice-Chairman.

The Commission's undertakings began in earnest at the end of the First World War. Once land for cemeteries and memorials had been guaranteed, the enormous task of recording the details of the dead could begin. By 1918, some 587,000 graves had been identified and a further 559,000 casualties were registered as having no known grave.

Establishing principles
With the administrative tasks underway, the architectural and horticultural work could begin. From the outset, the Commission sought perfection and permanence for the physical forms of commemoration. Rudyard Kipling was employed as literary advisor (giving counsel on inscriptions), and three of the most eminent architects of the day - Sir Edwin Lutyens, Sir Herbert Baker and Sir Reginald Blomfield Ė were chosen to begin the work of designing and constructing the cemeteries and memorials.

To ensure a consistent design approach, Ware tasked Frederic Kenyon, the Director of the British Museum, with bringing together the differing approaches of the principal architects. His report, presented to the Commission in November 1918, articulated principles that we still abide by today.

Equality was the core ideology in Kenyonís report. To ensure it was upheld, the Commissionís member governments agreed to ban the repatriation of remains. Apart from the logistical nightmare of returning home so many bodies, it was felt that repatriation would conflict with the feeling of brotherhood that had developed between all ranks serving at the Front.

The First Cemeteries

Using Kenyonís principles as a starting point, the Commission built three experimental cemeteries. Of these, Forceville in France was agreed to be the most successful. Having consulted with garden designer Gertrude Jekyl, the architects created a walled cemetery with uniform headstones in a homely garden setting, augmented by Blomfieldís Cross of Sacrifice and Lutyensí Stone of Remembrance. After some adjustments, Forceville became the template for the Commissionís building programme.

A second war
Just as the programme was completed in 1938, it became clear that the Commissionís task was not yet over. A year later, war once again engulfed mainland Europe, forcing the Commission to evacuate its staff and leave the cemeteries. Before long, Ware realised that this second war was very different to the first Ė new countries and continents and the increased use of air power meant that there were going to be more casualties, and those casualties would no longer be restricted to military personnel. Extending its remit, the Commission created a roll of honour that commemorated 67,000 civilians who died as a result of enemy action during the Second World War.

As the tide of war moved in the Allies' favour, the Commission was able to begin restoring its 1914-1918 cemeteries and memorials to their pre-war standard. So too, it began the task of commemorating 600,000 Commonwealth casualties from this latest conflict.

In 1949, the commission completed Dieppe Canadian War Cemetery Ė the first of 559 new cemeteries and 36 new memorials. As the construction programme of Second World War cemeteries drew to a close in the 1960s, the Commission updated its name to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

Working today
EngravingToday, the Commission exists to preserve the cemeteries and memorials in its care and encourage the act of remembrance. On occasion, the old battlefields still disclose a human reminder of the reason the Commission came into being and why its work is still so important today. After many years, these casualties find peace in one of the Commissionís immaculately maintained war cemeteries. Although we may never know who these soldiers were, their names live on in the Commissionís registers and, somewhere, on a memorial to the missing.

By preserving the memory of the dead with simple dignity and true equality, the Commission hopes to encourage future generations to remember the sacrifice made by so many.
Posted by James Edgecombe
Bron:
http://rulebritanniablog.blogspot.com/2010/03/commonwealth-war-graves-commission-gone.html
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robmcroy



Geregistreerd op: 17-3-2010
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Woonplaats: Balen

BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Mrt 2010 23:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

In spe zijn de TWGPP en de CWGC totaal verschillend van elkaar.

Bondig samengevat:

De CWGC inventariseert de Commonwealth slachtoffers en draagt er zorg voor dat ze voor "eeuwig" een goed onderhouden graf krijgen op bestaande kerkhoven of legt er speciaal voor dit doel aan.

De TWGPP daar en tegen ontstaan uit en werkend met uitsluitend vrijwilligers in diverse landen heeft tot doel nabestaanden en andere geÔnteresseerden die o.a. niet in de mogelijkheid zijn om de graven of gedenkstenen van hun gesneuvelde familieleden en/of kennissen ooit te bezoeken een digitale en/of papieren foto te bezorgen.
Hier voor werden en worden nog steeds wereldwijd door tientallen vrijwilligers foto's genomen van elke grafsteen en/ gedenksteen en verzameld in een database.

Omdat hun doelen nauw met elkaar verbonden zijn hebben beide organisaties een samenwerkings akkoord aan gegaan. Zo kan men zoeken wie waar ligt en een foto van de gedenksteen en het algemeen zicht van de begraafplaats bekomen.

Als vrijwilliger voor de TWGPP heb ik in Oost-, zuidoost- en centraal BelgiŽ een 80 tal Commonwealth begraafplaatsen in beeld gebracht.

Mvg. Rob McRoy (Eddy Van Deun)
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